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Cichlidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 169770

(Download Help) Cichlidae TSN 169770

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): cichlids [English]
 
    cichlidés [French]
 
    tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                                  OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                                     SuborderLabroidei  – parrotfishes, rainbowfishes, wrasses, labres, poissons-perroquets  
                                        FamilyCichlidae  – cichlids, cichlidés, tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Orthochromis kalungwishiensis (Greenwood and Kullander, 1994)  
                                           Species Orthochromis kasuluensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis luichensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis luongoensis (Greenwood and Kullander, 1994)  
                                           Species Orthochromis machadoi (Poll, 1967)  
                                           Species Orthochromis malagaraziensis (David, 1937)  
                                           Species Orthochromis mazimeroensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis mosoensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis polyacanthus (Boulenger, 1899)  
                                           Species Orthochromis rubrolabialis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis rugufuensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Orthochromis stormsi (Boulenger, 1902)  
                                           Species Orthochromis torrenticola (Thys van den Audenaerde, 1963)  
                                           Species Orthochromis uvinzae De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                           Species Schubotzia eduardianus Boulenger, 1914  
                                           Genus Acarichthys Eigenmann, 1912  
                                           Genus Acaronia Myers, 1940  
                                           Genus Aequidens Eigenmann and Bray, 1894  
                                           Genus Allochromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                           Genus Alticorpus Stauffer and McKaye, 1988  
                                           Genus Altolamprologus Poll, 1986  
                                           Genus Amphilophus Agassiz, 1859  
                                           Genus Anomalochromis Greenwood, 1985  
                                           Genus Apistogramma Regan, 1913  
                                           Genus Apistogrammoides Meinken, 1965  
                                           Genus Archocentrus Gill in Gill and Bransford, 1877  
                                           Genus Aristochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Astatoreochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Astatotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Astronotus Swainson, 1839 – oscars 
                                           Genus Aulonocara Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Aulonocranus Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Baileychromis Poll, 1986  
                                           Genus Bathybates Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Benitochromis Lamboj, 2001  
                                           Genus Benthochromis Poll, 1986  
                                           Genus Biotodoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                           Genus Biotoecus Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                           Genus Boulengerochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Buccochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Bujurquina Kullander, 1986  
                                           Genus Callochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Caprichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Caquetaia Fowler, 1945  
                                           Genus Cardiopharynx Poll, 1942  
                                           Genus Chaetobranchopsis Steindachner, 1875  
                                           Genus Chaetobranchus Heckel, 1840  
                                           Genus Chalinochromis Poll, 1974  
                                           Genus Champsochromis Boulenger, 1915  
                                           Genus Cheilochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Chetia Trewavas, 1961  
                                           Genus Chilochromis Boulenger, 1902  
                                           Genus Chilotilapia Boulenger, 1908  
                                           Genus Chromidotilapia Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Cichla Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – eyetail cichlids 
                                           Genus Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839 – American cichlids 
                                           Genus Cleithracara Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                           Genus Copadichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Copora Fernández-Yépez, 1969  
                                           Genus Corematodus Boulenger, 1897  
                                           Genus Crenicara Steindachner, 1875 – pike cichlids, pike cichlids 
                                           Genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840  
                                           Genus Ctenochromis Pfeffer, 1893  
                                           Genus Ctenopharynx Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Cunningtonia Boulenger, 1906  
                                           Genus Cyathochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Cyathopharynx Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Cyclopharynx Poll, 1948  
                                           Genus Cynotilapia Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Cyphotilapia Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Cyprichromis Scheuermann, 1977  
                                           Genus Cyrtocara Boulenger, 1902  
                                           Genus Danakilia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969  
                                           Genus Dicrossus Steindachner, 1875  
                                           Genus Dimidiochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Divandu Lamboj and Snoeks, 2000  
                                           Genus Docimodus Boulenger, 1897  
                                           Genus Eclectochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Ectodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Enantiopus Boulenger, 1906  
                                           Genus Eretmodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Etia Schliewen and Stiassny, 2003  
                                           Genus Etroplus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830 – chromides, chromides 
                                           Genus Exochochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Fossorochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Gaurochromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                           Genus Genyochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Geophagus Heckel, 1840 – earth eaters, eartheater cichlids 
                                           Genus Gephyrochromis Boulenger, 1901  
                                           Genus Gnathochromis Poll, 1981  
                                           Genus Gobiocichla Kanazawa, 1951  
                                           Genus Grammatotria Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Greenwoodochromis Poll, 1983  
                                           Genus Guianacara Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                           Genus Gymnogeophagus Miranda Ribeiro, 1918  
                                           Genus Haplochromis Hilgendorf, 1888 – mouth brooders, mouth brooders 
                                           Genus Haplotaxodon Boulenger, 1906  
                                           Genus Hemibates Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Hemichromis Peters, 1857 – jewelfishes 
                                           Genus Hemitaeniochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Hemitilapia Boulenger, 1902  
                                           Genus Herichthys Baird and Girard, 1854  
                                           Genus Heroina Kullander, 1996  
                                           Genus Heros Heckel, 1840  
                                           Genus Herotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Heterochromis Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Hoplarchus Kaup, 1860  
                                           Genus Hoplotilapia Hilgendorf, 1888  
                                           Genus Hypselecara Kullander, 1986  
                                           Genus Hypsophrys Agassiz, 1859  
                                           Genus Interochromis Yamaoka, Hori and Kuwamura, 1988  
                                           Genus Iodotropheus Oliver and Loiselle, 1972  
                                           Genus Iranocichla Coad, 1982  
                                           Genus Julidochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Konia Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                           Genus Krobia Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                           Genus Labeotropheus Ahl, 1926  
                                           Genus Labidochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Laetacara Kullander, 1986  
                                           Genus Lamprologus Schilthuis, 1891  
                                           Genus Lepidiolamprologus Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Lestradea Poll, 1943  
                                           Genus Lethrinops Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Lichnochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Limbochromis Greenwood, 1987  
                                           Genus Limnochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Limnotilapia Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Lithochromis Lippitsch and Seehausen in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                           Genus Lobochilotes Boulenger, 1915  
                                           Genus Macropleurodus Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Maravichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Maylandia Meyer and Foerster, 1984  
                                           Genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990  
                                           Genus Mbipia Lippitsch and Seehausen in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                           Genus Melanochromis Trewavas, 1935 – twostripe mbunas 
                                           Genus Mesonauta Günther, 1862  
                                           Genus Metriaclima Stauffer, Bowers, Kellogg, and McKaye, 1997  
                                           Genus Microchromis Johnson, 1975  
                                           Genus Mikrogeophagus Meulengracht-Madson in Schiötz and Christensen, 1968  
                                           Genus Myaka Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                           Genus Mylochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Naevochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Nandopsis Gill, 1862  
                                           Genus Nannacara Regan, 1905  
                                           Genus Nanochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Neetroplus Günther, 1867  
                                           Genus Neochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Neolamprologus Colombe and Allgayer, 1985  
                                           Genus Nimbochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Nyassachromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Ophthalmotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                           Genus Oreochromis Günther, 1889 – blue tilapias 
                                           Genus Orthochromis Greenwood, 1954  
                                           Genus Otopharynx Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Oxylapia Kiener and Maugé, 1966  
                                           Genus Pallidochromis Turner, 1994  
                                           Genus Parachromis Agassiz, 1859  
                                           Genus Paracyprichromis Poll, 1986  
                                           Genus Paralabidochromis Greenwood, 1956  
                                           Genus Parananochromis Greenwood, 1987  
                                           Genus Paraneetroplus Regan, 1905  
                                           Genus Paratilapia Bleeker, 1868  
                                           Genus Paretroplus Bleeker, 1868  
                                           Genus Pelmatochromis Steindachner, 1894  
                                           Genus Pelvicachromis Thys van den Audenaerde, 1968 – kribs 
                                           Genus Perissodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Petenia Günther, 1862  
                                           Genus Petrochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Petrotilapia Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Pharyngochromis Greenwood, 1979  
                                           Genus Placidochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Platytaeniodus Boulenger, 1906  
                                           Genus Plecodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Protomelas Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Pseudocrenilabrus Fowler, 1934  
                                           Genus Pseudosimochromis Nelissen, 1977  
                                           Genus Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Pterochromis Trewavas, 1973  
                                           Genus Pterophyllum Heckel, 1840 – angelfishes, angelfishes 
                                           Genus Ptychochromis Steindachner, 1880  
                                           Genus Ptychochromoides Kiener and Maugé, 1966  
                                           Genus Pundamilia Seehausen and Lippitsch in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                           Genus Pungu Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                           Genus Pyxichromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                           Genus Reganochromis Whitley, 1929  
                                           Genus Retroculus Eigenmann and Bray, 1894  
                                           Genus Rhamphochromis Regan, 1922  
                                           Genus Sargochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852 – brushtooth tilapias 
                                           Genus Satanoperca Günther, 1862  
                                           Genus Schubotzia Boulenger, 1914  
                                           Genus Schwetzochromis Poll, 1948  
                                           Genus Sciaenochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Serranochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Simochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Spathodus Boulenger, 1900  
                                           Genus Steatocranus Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Stigmatochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Stomatepia Trewavas, 1962  
                                           Genus Symphysodon Heckel, 1840 – discusfishes, discusfishes 
                                           Genus Taeniacara Myers, 1935  
                                           Genus Taeniochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Taeniolethrinops Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Tahuantinsuyoa Kullander, 1986  
                                           Genus Tangachromis Poll, 1981  
                                           Genus Tanganicodus Poll, 1950  
                                           Genus Teleocichla Kullander, 1988  
                                           Genus Teleogramma Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Telmatochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Theraps Günther, 1862  
                                           Genus Thoracochromis Greenwood, 1979  
                                           Genus Thorichthys Meek, 1904  
                                           Genus Thysochromis Daget, 1988  
                                           Genus Tilapia Smith, 1840 – African mouthbrooders, speckled tilapias 
                                           Genus Tomocichla Regan, 1908  
                                           Genus Tramitichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Trematocara Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Trematochromis Poll, 1987  
                                           Genus Trematocranus Trewavas, 1935  
                                           Genus Triglachromis Poll and Thys van den Audenaerde, 1974  
                                           Genus Tristramella Trewavas, 1942  
                                           Genus Tropheus Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Tylochromis Regan, 1920  
                                           Genus Tyrannochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                           Genus Uaru Heckel, 1840  
                                           Genus Variabilichromis Colombe and Allgayer, 1985  
                                           Genus Vieja Fernández-Yépez, 1969  
                                           Genus Xenochromis Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Xenotilapia Boulenger, 1899  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Cichlidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: cichlidés[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: cichlidés[French], cichlids [English], tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce [Spanish]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae, cichlids [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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