the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Terrapene carolina  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173776

(Download Help) Terrapene carolina TSN 173776

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Tortuga de Carolina [Spanish]
 
    tortue tabatière [French]
 
    Eastern Box Turtle [English]
 
    Common Box Turtle [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderTestudines Batsch, 1788 – tortues, Turtles, Terrapins, Tortoises  
                            SuborderCryptodira Cope, 1868  
                               SuperfamilyTestudinoidea Fitzinger, 1826  
                                  FamilyEmydidae Rafinesque, 1815 – pond turtles, terrapins, Emydid Turtles  
                                     SubfamilyEmydinae Rafinesque, 1815  
                                        GenusTerrapene Merrem, 1820 – Box Turtles, American Box Turtles  
                                           SpeciesTerrapene carolina (Linnaeus, 1758) – Tortuga de Carolina, tortue tabatière, Eastern Box Turtle, Common Box Turtle  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Terrapene carolina carolina (Linnaeus, 1758) – Eastern Box Turtle, Woodland Box Turtle 
                                              Subspecies Terrapene carolina major (Agassiz, 1857) – Gulf Coast Box Turtle 
                                              Subspecies Terrapene carolina mexicana (Gray, 1849) – Mexican Box Turtle 
                                              Subspecies Terrapene carolina triunguis (Agassiz, 1857) – Three-toed Box Turtle 
                                              Subspecies Terrapene carolina yucatana (Boulenger, 1895) – Yucatan Box Turtle 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: tortue tabatière[French]   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Tortuga de Carolina[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, Jonathan A. Campbell, Kevin de Queiroz, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding, Seventh Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 39   
  Page(s): 1-92   
  Publisher: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles   
  Publication Place: Shoreview, Minnesota, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9780916984854   
  Notes: Available free as a PDF at http://ssarherps.org/pages/HerpCommNames.php   
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina, Eastern Box Turtle [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Iverson, John B.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World   
  Page(s): xiii + 363   
  Publisher: Privately Printed   
  Publication Place: Richmond, Indiana   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9617431-0-5   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]  
  Publication Date: 2014   
  Article/Chapter Title: Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7   
  Page(s): 329-479   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1088-7105   
  Notes: doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - Available online at http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/   
  Reference for: Terrapene carolina, Common Box Turtle [English], Eastern Box Turtle [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
    Oceania  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Central Pacific Territories, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Banks et al. (2003) note: the possible introduction of Terrapene carolina to the Central Pacific Territories (Guam) is based on numerous reports of individuals, but successful breeding has not been confirmed  
    IUCN: Vulnerable A2bcde+4bcde (2011). CITES: Appendix II, as Terrapene spp.  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

Additional off-site resources may be available for this taxon. ITIS will build search links for all of the following that return results:

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal
  • BioOne Journals
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez Life Sciences Search
  • Google Images
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora Search
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Search
  • Threatened and Endangered Species (TESS) Search
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Search
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Search
  • USDA PLANTS Database Search
  • NatureServe Explorer Search

Please be patient. The time it takes to return results depends on the speed of the individual sites and may take several minutes.


 
 
   

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    


Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar