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Cryptotis parva  (Say, 1823)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 179971

(Download Help) Cryptotis parva TSN 179971

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): bee shrew [English]
 
    little short-tailed shrew [English]
 
    small short-tailed shrew [English]
 
    Least Shrew [English]
 
    Musaraña-orejillas mínima [Spanish]
 
    North American Least Shrew [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderSoricomorpha Gregory, 1910  
                                  FamilySoricidae G. Fischer, 1814 – shrews  
                                     SubfamilySoricinae G. Fischer, 1814  
                                        TribeBlarinini Kretzoi, 1965  
                                           GenusCryptotis Pomel, 1848 – small-eared shrews  
                                              SpeciesCryptotis parva (Say, 1823) – bee shrew, little short-tailed shrew, small short-tailed shrew, Least Shrew, Musaraña-orejillas mínima, North American Least Shrew  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Subspecies Cryptotis parva berlandieri (Baird, 1858)  
                                                 Subspecies Cryptotis parva floridana (Merriam, 1895)  
                                                 Subspecies Cryptotis parva parva (Say, 1823)  
                                                 Subspecies Cryptotis parva pueblensis Jackson, 1933  
                                                 Subspecies Cryptotis parva soricina (Merriam, 1895)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva    
       
  Expert: Rainer Hutterer  
  Notes: Zoologisches Forschunginstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany   
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Musaraña-orejillas mínima[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva, North American Least Shrew [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva, Least Shrew [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cryptotis parva, bee shrew [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Reviewed by Whitaker (1974, Mammalian Species No. 43), who recognized 9 subspecies, 5 of which occur in Middle America (Choate, 1970). Woodman (2002) concluded that orophila is a diagnosable species; see under that name. The remaining taxa are tentatively assigned to the five subspecies noted here (Carraway, pers. comm., 2003; Woodman, pers. comm., 2002). Some of these taxa may in fact represent good species. Karyotypes from Missouri and Texas count 2n = 52, FN = 54 (Genoways et al., 1977)  
 

 

   

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