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Lepus californicus  Gray, 1837
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180115

(Download Help) Lepus californicus TSN 180115

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): black-tailed jack rabbit [English]
 
    Liebre cola negra [Spanish]
 
    Black-tailed Jackrabbit [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderLagomorpha Brandt, 1855 – coelho, tapeti, lagomorphs, Rabbits, Hares, Pikas  
                                  FamilyLeporidae Fischer, 1817 – Hares, Rabbits  
                                     GenusLepus Linnaeus, 1758 – Hares, Jackrabbits, Jack Rabbits  
                                        SpeciesLepus californicus Gray, 1837 – black-tailed jack rabbit, Liebre cola negra, Black-tailed Jackrabbit  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus altamirae Nelson, 1904 – Alta Mira Jack Rabbit 
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus asellus Miller, 1899  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus bennettii Gray, 1843 – San Diego black-tailed jackrabbit 
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus californicus Gray, 1837  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus curti Hall, 1951  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus deserticola Mearns, 1896 – Western Desert Jackrabbit 
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus eremicus Allen, 1894  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus festinus Nelson, 1904 – Hidalgo Jack Rabbit 
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus insularis Bryant, 1891  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus magdalenae Nelson, 1907  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus martirensis Stowell, 1895  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus melanotis Mearns, 1890  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus merriami Mearns, 1896  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus richardsonii Bachman, 1839  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus sheldoni Burt, 1933  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus texianus Waterhouse, 1848  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus wallawalla Merriam, 1904  
                                           Subspecies Lepus californicus xanti Thomas, 1898  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus    
       
  Expert: Robert S. Hoffman  
  Notes: Assistant Secretary for the Sciences, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Liebre cola negra[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Lepus californicus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: black-tailed jack rabbit[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Lepus californicus, black-tailed jack rabbit [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Cervantes, Fernando A., and Mario Castañeda  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Efecto genético del aislamiento geográfico de la liebre negra (Lepus insularis), endémica de Isla Espíritu Santo, Baja California Sur, México   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Therya, vol. 3, no. 2   
  Page(s): 151-170   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: Available online: http://www.mastozoologiamexicana.org/therya/vol3num2/therya32_cervantes.pdf   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lorenzo, Consuelo, Sergio Ticul Álvarez-Castañeda, Patricia Cortés-Calva, Mayra de la Paz, and...  
  Publication Date: 2010   
  Article/Chapter Title: Status of an invading mainland jackrabbit on Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Western North American Naturalist, vol. 70, no. 2   
  Page(s): 249-251   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1527-0904   
  Notes: Available online: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3398/064.070.0214   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Lepus californicus, Black-tailed Jackrabbit [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Lepus californicus, Black-tailed Jackrabbit [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Lepus californicus, Black-tailed Jackrabbit [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Middle America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native & Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Subgenus Proeulagus (Gureev, 1964:193), or Eulagos (Averianov, 1998). Chromosomes described by Cervantes et al. (1999-2000). Reviewed by Best (1996, Mammalian Species, 530)  
    Although Wilson & Reeder (2005) accepted five subspecies of Lepus californicus and treated the rest in synonymy, more recent publications have followed Best's 1996 treatment in Mammalian Species (Cervantes & Castañeda, 2012) or a treatment more similar to Best's than to Wilson & Reeder (Lorenzo et al., 2010). ITIS is following Best's treatment (1996) with the addition of L. c. insularis (Wilson & Reeder, 2005; Cervantes & Castañeda, 2012)  
 

 

   

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