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Ursus americanus  Pallas, 1780
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180544

(Download Help) Ursus americanus TSN 180544

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): American Black Bear [English]
 
    black bear [English]
 
    Oso negro [Spanish]
 
    ours noir [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyUrsidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – bears  
                                        GenusUrsus Linnaeus, 1758 – bears  
                                           SpeciesUrsus americanus Pallas, 1780 – American Black Bear, black bear, Oso negro, ours noir  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus altifrontalis Elliot, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus amblyceps Baird, 1859  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus americanus Pallas, 1780 – American black bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus californiensis Miller, 1900  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus carlottae Osgood, 1901  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus cinnamomum Audubon and Bachman, 1854  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus emmonsii Dall, 1895  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus eremicus Merriam, 1904  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus floridanus Merriam, 1896  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus hamiltoni Cameron, 1957  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus kermodei Hornaday, 1905  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus luteolus Griffith, 1821 – Louisiana black bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus machetes Elliot, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus perniger J. A. Allen, 1910  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus pugnax Swarth, 1911  
                                              Subspecies Ursus americanus vancouveri Hall, 1928  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Ursus americanus    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Ursus americanus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: black bear[English], ours noir [French]   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Oso negro[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       
  Source: U. S. Dept. Interior, database (version 1)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       
  Source: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-03/01, website (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/   
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus americanus, American Black Bear [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Ursus americanus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Alaska, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix II; U.S. ESA - Threatened as U. americanus luteolus; all other subspecies - Similarity of Appearance to a Threatened Species; IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Reviewed by Larivière (2001b). Synonyms allocated according to Hall (1981) and Larivière (2001b)  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

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