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Odocoileus virginianus  (Zimmermann, 1780)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180699

(Download Help) Odocoileus virginianus TSN 180699

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Dama virginianus Zimmermann, 1780
 
    Dama virginiana Zimmermann, 1780
 
  Common Name(s): white-tailed deer [English]
 
    Venado cola blanca [Spanish]
 
    cerf de Virginie [French]
 
    White-tailed Deer [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyCervidae Goldfuss, 1820 – cervids, caribou, deer, moose, wapiti  
                                     SubfamilyCapreolinae Brookes, 1828  
                                        GenusOdocoileus Rafinesque, 1832 – mule deer, white-tailed deer  
                                           SpeciesOdocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann, 1780) – white-tailed deer, Venado cola blanca, cerf de Virginie, White-tailed Deer  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus acapulcensis (Caton, 1877)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus borealis Miller, 1900  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus cariacou (Boddaert, 1784) – Coues' White-tailed Deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus carminis Goldman and Kellog, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus chiriquensis J. A. Allen, 1910  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus clavium Barbour and G. M. Allen, 1922 – Key deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus couesi (Coues and Yarrow, 1875) – Coues' White-tailed Deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus curassavicus (Hummelinck, 1940)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus dacotensis Goldman and Kellog, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus goudotii (Gay and Gervais, 1846)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus gymnotis (Wiegmann, 1833)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus hiltonensis Goldman and Kellog, 1940 – Hilton Head white-tailed deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus leucurus (Douglas, 1829) – Columbian white-tailed deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus macrourus (Rafinesque, 1817)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus margaritae Osgood, 1910  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus mcilhennyi F. W. Miller, 1928  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus mexicanus (Gmelin, 1788)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus miquihuanensis Goldman and Kellogg, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus nelsoni Merriam, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus nemoralis (C. H. Smith, 1827)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus nigribarbis Goldman and Kellogg, 1940 – Blackbeard Island white-tailed deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus oaxacensis Goldman and Kellogg, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus ochrourus V. Bailey, 1932  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus osceola (Bangs, 1896)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus peruvianus (Gray, 1874)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus rothschildi (Thomas, 1902)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus seminolus Goldman and Kellogg, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus sinaloae J. A. Allen, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus taurinsulae Goldman and Kellogg, 1940 – Bulls Island white-tailed deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus texanus (Mearns, 1898)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus thomasi Merriam, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus toltecus (Saussure, 1860)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus tropicalis Cabrera, 1918  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus ustus Trouessart, 1910  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus venatorius Goldman and Kellogg, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus veraecrucis Goldman and Kellogg, 1940  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus virginianus (Zimmermann, 1780) – white-tailed deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus yucatanensis (Hays, 1872)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: white-tailed deer[English], cerf de Virginie [French]   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Venado cola blanca[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Odocoileus virginianus, white-tailed deer [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Caribbean  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    South America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Caribbean Territories, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix III (Guatemala) as O. v. mayensis; U.S. ESA - Endangered as O. v. clavium, Endangered (but proposed delisting) as O. v. leucurus; IUCN - Endangered as O. v. clavium, Lower Risk (nt) as O. v. leucurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Reviewed by Smith (1991, Mammalian Species, 388) and Geist (1998). The species includes two divisions (Groves and Grubb, 1987; Grubb, 1990), the cariacou division or Cariacu (including also acapulcensis, chiriquensis, curassavicus, goudotii, margaritae, mexicanus, miquihuanensis, nelsoni, nemoralis, oaxacensis, peruvianus, rothschildi, sinaloae, thomasi, toltecus, tropicalils, truei, ustus, veraecrucis, and yucatanensis) and the nominate virginianus division, the White-tailed Deer sensu str...  
 

 

   

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