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Bison bonasus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 183836

(Download Help) Bison bonasus TSN 183836

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Bos bonasus Linnaeus, 1758
 
  Common Name(s): European bison [English]
 
    wisent [English]
 
    European Bison [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyBovinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusBison C. H. Smith, 1827 – bison  
                                           SpeciesBison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758) – European bison, wisent, European Bison  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Bison bonasus bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)  
                                              Subspecies Bison bonasus caucasicus (Turkin and Satunin, 1904)  
                                              Subspecies Bison bonasus hungarorum Kretzoi, 1946  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Bison bonasus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bonasus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Corbet, G. B.  
  Publication Date: 1978   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of the Palaearctic Region: a taxonomic review   
  Page(s): 1-314   
  Publisher: Cornell University Press   
  Publication Place: London, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8014-1171-8   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bonasus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Bison bonasus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bonasus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Bison bonasus, European bison [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bonasus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Endangered  
    Comments: Considered conspecific with bison by Bohlken (1967) and Van Zyll de Jong (1986); but not included in B. bison by MacDonald (1981) or Meagher (1986). Reviewed by Flerov (1979)  
 

 

   

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