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Syncerus caffer  (Sparrman, 1779)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 183847

(Download Help) Syncerus caffer TSN 183847

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): African buffalo [English]
 
    Cape buffalo [English]
 
    African Buffalo [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyBovinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusSyncerus Hodgson, 1847  
                                           SpeciesSyncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) – African buffalo, Cape buffalo, African Buffalo  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Syncerus caffer aequinoctialis (Blyth, 1866)  
                                              Subspecies Syncerus caffer brachyceros (Gray, 1837)  
                                              Subspecies Syncerus caffer caffer (Sparrman, 1779)  
                                              Subspecies Syncerus caffer matthewsi (Lydekker, 1904)  
                                              Subspecies Syncerus caffer nanus (Boddaert, 1785)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Syncerus caffer, African buffalo [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Africa  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (cd)  
    Comments: Ansell (1972:19) compared subspecific systematics of different authors, here modified from Schouteden (1945). The species can be partitioned into the nominate caffer division (including also aequinoctialis) and the nanus division (including also brachyceros); phylogeography indicates similar haplotypes for nanus and cf. brachyceros, which differ from those of nominate caffer (Van Hooft et al., 2002); matthewsi is probably of polyphyletic origin; cottoni is based on a specimen of nominate ca...  
 

 

   

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