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Opuntia  Mill.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 19686

(Download Help) Opuntia TSN 19686

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Salmiopuntia Fric ex Guiggi
 
    Platyopuntia (Engelm.) Fric & Schelle ex Kreuz.
 
    Opuntia guatemalensis Britton & Rose
 
    Opuntia hitchcockii J.G. Ortega
 
    Opuntia guilanchi Griffiths
 
    Opuntia darrahiana F.A.C. Weber
 
    Opuntia crassa Haw.
 
    Opuntia conjungens (F. Ritter) P.J. Braun & Esteves
 
    Opuntia deamii Rose
 
    Opuntia crystalenia Griffiths
 
    Opuntia howeyi J.A. Purpus
 
    Opuntia inaequilateralis A. Berger
 
    Opuntia karwinskiana Salm-Dyck
 
    Opuntia feroacantha Britton & Rose
 
    Opuntia elizondoana E. Sánchez M. & Villaseñor
 
    Opuntia X bernichiana hort.
 
    Opuntia armata Backeb.
 
    Opuntia bonplandii (Kunth) F.A.C. Weber
 
    Opuntia tapona Engelm. ex J.M. Coult.
 
    Opuntia orbiculata Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.
 
    Opuntia longispina Haw.
 
    Opuntia securigera Borg
 
    Opuntia spinulifera Salm-Dyck
 
    Opuntia ritteri A. Berger
 
  Common Name(s): figues de Barbarie [French]
 
    pricklypear [English]
 
    cholla [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae   
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderCaryophyllanae   
                         OrderCaryophyllales   
                            FamilyCactaceae Juss. – cactus, cacti  
                               GenusOpuntia Mill. – figues de Barbarie, pricklypear, cholla  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Opuntia acaulis Ekman & Werderm.  
                                  Species Opuntia aciculata Griffiths  
                                  Species Opuntia X aequatorialis Britton & Rose (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Opuntia anacantha Speg.  
                                  Species Opuntia X andersonii H.M. Hern., Gómez-Hin. & Bárcenas  
                                  Species Opuntia apurimacensis (F. Ritter) R. Crook & Mottram  
                                  Species Opuntia arcei Cárdenas  
                                  Species Opuntia arechavaletae Speg.  
                                  Species Opuntia assumptionis K. Schum.  
                                  Species Opuntia atrispina Griffiths – Nopal calvo, border pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. – tiger-pear, jointed pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia aurea E.M. Baxter – golden pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia aureispina (S. Brack & K.D. Heil) Pinkava & B.D. Parfitt – Rio Grande pricklypear, golden-spined prickly-pear 
                                  Species Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow – Nopal del castor, beavertail pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia boldinghii Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia borinquensis Britton & Rose – olaga 
                                  Species Opuntia bravoana E.M. Baxter  
                                  Species Opuntia caracassana Salm-Dyck  
                                  Species Opuntia chaffeyi Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia chisosensis (M.S. Anthony) D.J. Ferguson – Chisos Mountain pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia chlorotica Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow – Nopal verdoso, dollarjoint pricklypear, pancake pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X columbiana Griffiths (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Opuntia cordobensis Speg. – Argentine pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X cubensis Britton & Rose (pro sp.) – bullsuckers 
                                  Species Opuntia curassavica (L.) Mill.  
                                  Species Opuntia X curvispina Griffiths (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Opuntia decumbens Salm-Dyck  
                                  Species Opuntia delaetiana (F.A.C. Weber) Vaupel  
                                  Species Opuntia X demissa Griffiths (pro sp.) – pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia depressa Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia discata Griffiths – Nopal disco, smallfruit pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X edwardsii V.E. Grant & K.A. Grant  
                                  Species Opuntia ekmanii Werderm.  
                                  Species Opuntia elata Salm-Dyck  
                                  Species Opuntia elatior Mill.  
                                  Species Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm.  
                                  Species Opuntia excelsa Sánchez-Mej.  
                                  Species Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. – Nopal de Castilla, tuna cactus, Indian-fig 
                                  Species Opuntia fragilis (Nutt.) Haw. – brittle cactus, fragile cactus, jumping cactus, little pricklypear, brittle pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia fuliginosa Griffiths  
                                  Species Opuntia galapageia Hensl.  
                                  Species Opuntia gosseliniana F.A.C. Weber – violet pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia huajuapensis Bravo  
                                  Species Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. – Nopal del este, devil's-tongue, pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia hyptiacantha F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia lagunae E.M. Baxter  
                                  Species Opuntia lasiacantha Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia leucotricha DC. – Nopal duraznillo, arborescent pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia littoralis (Engelm.) Cockerell – Nopal del litoral, coastal pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X lucayana Britton (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Opuntia macrocentra Engelm. – Nopal violaceo, purple pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm. – Nopal raizudo, twistspine pricklypear, grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia megapotamica Arechav.  
                                  Species Opuntia megarrhiza Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw. – common pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia nicholii L.D. Benson – Navajo Bridge pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X occidentalis Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow (pro sp.) – pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia oricola Philbrick – Nopal de montaña, chaparral pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia parviclada S. Arias & Gama  
                                  Species Opuntia phaeacantha Engelm. – Nopal pardo, tulip pricklypear, brownspine pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia pilifera F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia pinkavae B.D. Parfitt – Pinkava's pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia pittieri Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia polyacantha Haw. – plains pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia pottsii Salm-Dyck  
                                  Species Opuntia puberula Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia pubescens J.C. Wendl. ex Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia pusilla (Haw.) Nutt. – cockspur pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia pycnantha Engelm. ex J.M. Coult.  
                                  Species Opuntia quimilo K. Schum.  
                                  Species Opuntia quitensis F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia repens Bello – roving pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia robinsonii J.G. Ortega  
                                  Species Opuntia robusta H.L. Wendl. ex Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia X rooneyi M.P. Griff.  
                                  Species Opuntia rufida Engelm. – Nopal rojizo, blind pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia salmiana J. Parm. ex Pfeiff.  
                                  Species Opuntia sanguinea Proctor  
                                  Species Opuntia santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) Rose – Santa Rita pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia scheeri F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia schickendantzii F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia schumannii F.A.C. Weber ex A. Berger  
                                  Species Opuntia soederstromiana Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia X spinosibacca M.S. Anthony (pro sp.) – pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia stenarthra K. Schum.  
                                  Species Opuntia stenopetala Engelm.  
                                  Species Opuntia streptacantha Lem.  
                                  Species Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. – Nopal estricto, erect pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia strigil Engelm. – marblefruit pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia sulphurea G. Don ex Loudon  
                                  Species Opuntia taylorii Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia tehuacana S. Arias & U. Guzmán  
                                  Species Opuntia tehuantepecana (Bravo) Bravo  
                                  Species Opuntia tomentosa Salm-Dyck – Nopal chamacuerito, woollyjoint pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia tortispina Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow  
                                  Species Opuntia triacantha (Willd.) Sweet – Spanish lady 
                                  Species Opuntia tuna (L.) Mill. – elephantear pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia valida Griffiths – San Antonio pricklypear 
                                  Species Opuntia X vaseyi (J.M. Coult.) Britton & Rose (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Opuntia velutina F.A.C. Weber  
                                  Species Opuntia wilcoxii Britton & Rose  
                                  Species Opuntia X wootonii Griffiths (pro sp.)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Charles A. Butterworth, Ph.D.  
  Notes: ITIS Cactaceae Steward   
  Reference for: Opuntia    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: figues de Barbarie[French]   
       
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Opuntia   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Opuntia   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Opuntia   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Opuntia   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hunt, David  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The New Cactus Lexicon: Text   
  Page(s): x + 373   
  Publisher: dh books   
  Publication Place: Milborne Port, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9538134-5-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Opuntia   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: CITES: Appendix II listed under Cactaceae, adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

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