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Publication: Williams, James D., Arthur E. Bogan, and Jeffrey T. Garner. 2008. Freshwater Mussels of Alabama and the Mobile Basin in Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee. xv + 908.

ITIS records citing this publication
 
 Kingdom Animalia
  Actinonaias carinata (Barnes, 1823) -- invalid
  Actinonaias carinata carinata (Barnes, 1823) -- invalid
  Actinonaias carinata gibba (Simpson, 1900) -- invalid
  Alasmidonta calceolus (Lea, 1828) -- invalid
  Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1818 -- valid -- elktoe
  Alasmidonta mccordi Athearn, 1964 -- valid -- Coosa elktoe
  Alasmidonta triangulata (Lea, 1858) -- valid -- southern elktoe
  Alasmidonta viridis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- slippershell mussel
  Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema elliottii (Lea, 1856) -- valid -- Coosa fiveridge
  Amblema neislerii (Lea, 1858) -- valid -- fat three-ridge, fat threeridge
  Amblema plicata (Say, 1817) -- valid -- three-ridge, threeridge
  Amphinaias asperata (Lea, 1861) -- valid -- Alabama orb
  Amphinaias asperata archeri (Frierson, 1905) -- valid
  Amphinaias asperata asperata (Lea, 1861) -- valid
  Amphinaias infucata (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- sculptured pigtoe
  Amphinaias keineriana (Lea, 1852) -- valid
  Amphinaias nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- wartyback
  Amphinaias pustulosa (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- pimpleback
  Amphinaias refulgens (Lea, 1868) -- valid -- purple pimpleback
  Amphinaias succissa (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- purple pigtoe
  Anodonta cataracta Say, 1817 -- invalid
  Anodontoides radiatus (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- rayed creekshell
  Arcidens confragosus (Say, 1829) -- valid -- rock pocketbook
  Bullella Simpson, 1900 -- invalid
  Canthyria Swainson, 1840 -- invalid
  Carunculina Simpson in F.C. Baker, 1898 -- invalid
  Carunculina cylindrellus (Lea, 1868) -- invalid
  Carunculina parva (Barnes, 1823) -- invalid
  Crenodonta Schlüter, 1838 -- invalid
  Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- purple wartyback
  Cyprogenia stegaria (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fanshell
  Decurambis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Dromus dromas (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- dromedary pearly mussel
  Dysnomia Agassiz, 1852 -- invalid
  Dysnomia arcaeformis (Lea, 1831) -- invalid
  Dysnomia brevidens (Lea, 1831) -- invalid
  Dysnomia capsaeformis (Lea, 1834) -- invalid
  Dysnomia flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia florentina (Lea, 1857) -- invalid
  Dysnomia florentina curtisi (Utterback, 1915) -- invalid
  Dysnomia florentina florentina (Lea, 1857) -- invalid
  Dysnomia haysiana (Lea, 1834) -- invalid
  Dysnomia lenior (Lea, 1842) -- invalid
  Dysnomia lewisii (Walker, 1910) -- invalid
  Dysnomia metastriata (Conrad, 1838) -- invalid
  Dysnomia obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia obliquata obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia penita (Conrad, 1834) -- invalid
  Dysnomia personata (Say, 1829) -- invalid
  Dysnomia stewardsoni (Lea, 1852) -- invalid
  Dysnomia sulcata (Lea, 1829) -- invalid
  Dysnomia sulcata perobliqua (Conrad, 1836) -- invalid
  Dysnomia sulcata sulcata (Lea, 1829) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa gubernaculum (Reeve, 1865) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa propinqua (Lea, 1857) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa rangiana (Lea, 1838) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia turgidula (Lea, 1858) -- invalid
  Ellipsaria lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- butterfly
  Elliptio arca (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Alabama spike
  Elliptio arctata (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- delicate spike
  Elliptio chipolaensis (Walker, 1905) -- valid -- Chipola slabshell
  Elliptio crassidens (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- elephant-ear, elephantear
  Elliptio dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- spike
  Elliptio fraterna (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- brother spike
  Elliptio fumata (Lea, 1857) -- valid
  Elliptio mcmichaeli Clench & Turner, 1956 -- valid -- fluted elephantear
  Elliptio nigella (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- winged spike
  Elliptio pullata (Lea, 1856) -- valid
  Elliptio purpurella (Lea, 1857) -- valid
  Elliptoideus sloatianus (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- purple bankclimber
  Epioblasma arcaeformis (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- sugarspoon
  Epioblasma biemarginata (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- angled riffleshell
  Epioblasma brevidens (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- Cumberlandian combshell
  Epioblasma capsaeformis (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- oyster mussel
  Epioblasma cincinnatiensis (Lea, 1840) -- valid
  Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- leafshell
  Epioblasma florentina (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- yellow blossom
  Epioblasma florentina curtisi (Utterback, 1915) -- invalid -- Curtis' pearly mussel
  Epioblasma haysiana (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- acornshell
  Epioblasma lenior (Lea, 1842) -- valid -- narrow catspaw
  Epioblasma lewisii (Walker, 1910) -- valid -- forkshell
  Epioblasma metastriata (Conrad, 1838) -- valid -- upland combshell
  Epioblasma obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- catspaw, purple cat's paw pearly mussel
  Epioblasma othcaloogensis (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- southern acornshell
  Epioblasma penita (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- penitent mussel, southern combshell
  Epioblasma personata (Say, 1829) -- valid -- round combshell
  Epioblasma propinqua (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- Tennessee riffleshell
  Epioblasma stewardsonii (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- Cumberland leafshell
  Epioblasma sulcata sulcata (Lea, 1829) -- invalid
  Epioblasma torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- tubercled blossom
  Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- snuffbox
  Epioblasma turgidula (Lea, 1858) -- valid -- turgid blossom, turgid blossom pearly mussel
  Epioblasma walkeri (Wilson & H.W. Clark, 1914) -- invalid -- tan riffleshell
  Fusconaia apalachicola Williams & Fradkin, 1999 -- valid -- Apalachicola ebonyshell
  Fusconaia barnesiana (Lea, 1838) -- invalid -- Tennessee pigtoe
  Fusconaia burkei (Walker in Ortmann & Walker, 1922) -- valid -- tapered pigtoe
  Fusconaia cerina (Conrad, 1838) -- valid -- southern pigtoe
  Fusconaia cor (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- shiny pigtoe
  Fusconaia cuneolus (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- fine-rayed pigtoe
  Fusconaia ebena (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- ebonyshell
  Fusconaia edgariana (Lea, 1840) -- invalid -- shiny pigtoe
  Fusconaia escambia Clench & Turner, 1956 -- valid -- narrow pigtoe
  Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Wabash pigtoe
  Fusconaia masoni (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Atlantic pigtoe
  Fusconaia rotulata (B.H. Wright, 1899) -- valid -- round ebonyshell
  Fusconaia subrotunda (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- long-solid, longsolid
  Fusconaia subrotunda kirtlandiana (Lea, 1834) -- invalid
  Fusconaia subrotunda lesueuriana (Lea, 1840) -- invalid
  Fusconaia subrotunda pilaris (Lea, 1840) -- invalid
  Fusconaia subrotunda subrotunda (Lea, 1831) -- invalid
  Glebula rotundata (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- round pearlshell
  Hamiota altilis (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- finelined pocketbook
  Hamiota australis (Simpson, 1900) -- valid -- southern sandshell
  Hamiota perovalis (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- orange-nacre mucket, orangenacre mucket
  Hamiota subangulata (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- shiny-rayed pocketbook
  Hemistena lata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- cracking pearly mussel
  Lampsilis abrupta (Say, 1831) -- valid -- pink mucket
  Lampsilis binominata Simpson, 1900 -- valid -- lined pocketbook
  Lampsilis claibornensis (Lea, 1838) -- invalid
  Lampsilis excavatus (Lea, 1857) -- invalid
  Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- wavy-rayed lampmussel, wavyrayed lampmussel
  Lampsilis floridensis (Lea, 1852) -- valid
  Lampsilis orbiculata (Hildreth, 1828) -- invalid -- pink mucket pearly mussel
  Lampsilis ornata (Conrad, 1835) -- valid -- southern pocketbook
  Lampsilis ovata (Say, 1817) -- valid -- pocketbook
  Lampsilis straminea (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- rough fatmucket
  Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- yellow sandshell
  Lampsilis virescens (Lea, 1858) -- valid -- Alabama lamp mussel, Alabama lamp pearly mussel, Alabama lampmussel
  Lasmigona alabamensis Clarke, 1985 -- valid
  Lasmigona complanata (Barnes, 1823) -- valid -- white heelsplitter
  Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fluted-shell, flutedshell
  Lasmigona etowaensis (Conrad, 1849) -- valid
  Lasmigona holstonia (Lea, 1838) -- valid -- Tennessee heelsplitter
  Lasmigona subviridis (Conrad, 1835) -- valid -- green floater
  Lastena lata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831) -- valid -- birdwing pearly mussel
  Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fragile papershell
  Leptodea leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- scaleshell
  Lexingtonia Ortmann, 1914 -- invalid
  Lexingtonia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840) -- invalid -- slabside pearly mussel
  Lexingtonia dolabelloides conradi (Vanatta, 1915) -- invalid
  Lexingtonia dolabelloides dolabelloides (Lea, 1840) -- invalid
  Lexingtonia subplana (Conrad, 1837) -- invalid -- Virginia pigtoe
  Ligumia latissima (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Ligumia recta (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- black sandshell
  Ligumia subrostrata (Say, 1831) -- valid -- pondmussel
  Medionidus acutissimus (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- Alabama moccasinshell
  Medionidus conradicus (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- Cumberland moccasinshell
  Medionidus mcglameriae van der Schalie, 1939 -- invalid -- Tombigbee moccasinshell
  Medionidus parvulus (Lea, 1860) -- valid -- Coosa moccasinshell
  Medionidus penicillatus (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- Gulf moccasinshell
  Megalonaias boykiniana (Lea, 1840) -- invalid -- round washboard
  Megalonaias gigantea (Barnes, 1823) -- invalid
  Megalonaias nervosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- washboard
  Micromya trabalis (Conrad, 1834) -- invalid
  Obliquaria reflexa Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- three-horn wartyback, threehorn wartyback
  Obovaria choctawensis (Athearn, 1964) -- valid -- Choctaw bean
  Obovaria haddletoni (Athearn, 1964) -- valid -- Haddleton lampmussel
  Obovaria olivaria (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- hickorynut
  Obovaria retusa (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- golf stick pearly mussel, ring pink, ring pink mussel
  Obovaria subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- round hickorynut
  Obovaria unicolor (Lea, 1845) -- valid -- Alabama hickorynut
  Ortmanniana ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- mucket
  Ortmanniana pectorosa (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- pheasantshell
  Pegias fabula (Lea, 1838) -- valid -- little-wing pearly mussel
  Plagiola Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Plectomerus dombeyanus (Valenciennes in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1827) -- valid -- bankclimber
  Plethobasus cicatricosus (Say, 1829) -- valid -- white wartyback, white wartyback pearly mussel
  Plethobasus cooperianus (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- orange-footed pearly mussel, orangefoot pimpleback
  Plethobasus cyphyus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- sheepnose
  Pleurobema aldrichianum Goodrich, 1931 -- invalid
  Pleurobema altum (Conrad, 1854) -- invalid -- highnut
  Pleurobema athearni Gangloff, Williams & Feminella, 2006 -- valid
  Pleurobema clava (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- clubshell
  Pleurobema cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Ohio pigtoe
  Pleurobema cordatum cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Pleurobema cordatum plenum (Lea, 1840) -- invalid
  Pleurobema cordatum pyramidatum (Lea, 1831) -- invalid
  Pleurobema curtum (Lea, 1859) -- valid -- black clubshell, Curtus' mussel
  Pleurobema decisum (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- southern clubshell
  Pleurobema fibuloides (Lea, 1859) -- valid -- highnut
  Pleurobema georgianum (Lea, 1841) -- valid -- southern pigtoe
  Pleurobema gibberum (Lea, 1838) -- invalid -- Cumberland pigtoe, Cumberland pigtoe mussel
  Pleurobema hanleyianum (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- Georgia pigtoe
  Pleurobema hartmanianum (Lea, 1860) -- valid -- Cherokee pigtoe
  Pleurobema irrasum (Lea, 1861) -- invalid
  Pleurobema marshalli Frierson, 1927 -- valid -- flat pigtoe, Marshall's mussel
  Pleurobema meredithii (Lea, 1858) -- invalid
  Pleurobema murrayense (Lea, 1868) -- invalid -- Coosa pigtoe
  Pleurobema oviforme (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Tennessee clubshell
  Pleurobema oviforme oviforme (Conrad, 1834) -- invalid
  Pleurobema perovatum (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- ovate clubshell
  Pleurobema plenum (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- rough pigtoe
  Pleurobema pyriforme (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- oval pigtoe
  Pleurobema rubellum (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Warrior pigtoe
  Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pyramid pigtoe
  Pleurobema showalteri (Lea, 1860) -- invalid
  Pleurobema showalterii (Lea, 1860) -- invalid
  Pleurobema simulans (Lea, 1871) -- invalid
  Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- round pigtoe
  Pleurobema stabilis (Lea, 1861) -- invalid -- Coosa pigtoe
  Pleurobema strodeanum (B.H. Wright, 1898) -- valid -- fuzzy pigtoe
  Pleurobema taitianum (Lea, 1834) -- valid -- heavy pigtoe, Judge Tait's mussel
  Pleurobema tombigbeanum Frierson, 1908 -- invalid
  Pleurobema verum (Lea, 1861) -- valid -- true pigtoe
  Pleuronaia Frierson, 1927 -- valid
  Pleuronaia barnesiana (Lea, 1838) -- valid -- Tennessee pigtoe
  Pleuronaia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- slabside pearly mussel
  Pleuronaia gibberum (Lea, 1838) -- invalid -- Cumberland pigtoe
  Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817) -- valid -- pink heelsplitter
  Potamilus inflatus (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- Alabama heelsplitter, inflated heelsplitter
  Potamilus ohiensis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pink papershell
  Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) -- valid -- bleufer
  Prolasmidonta Ortmann, 1914 -- invalid
  Proptera Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Proptera alata (Say, 1817) -- invalid
  Proptera capax (Green, 1832) -- invalid
  Proptera laevissimus (Lea, 1829) -- invalid
  Proptera purpurata (Lamarck, 1819) -- invalid
  Pterosyna Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Ptychobranchus foremanianus (Lea, 1842) -- valid
  Pyganodon cataracta (Say, 1817) -- valid -- eastern floater
  Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829) -- valid -- giant floater
  Quadrula apiculata (Say, 1829) -- valid -- southern mapleleaf
  Quadrula archeri Frierson, 1905 -- invalid
  Quadrula asperata archeri Frierson, 1905 -- invalid
  Quadrula kieneriana (Lea, 1852) -- invalid
  Quadrula nobilis (Conrad, 1854) -- valid
  Quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- mapleleaf
  Quadrula rumphiana (Lea, 1852) -- valid -- ridged mapleleaf
  Strophitus alabamensis (Lea, 1861) -- invalid
  Strophitus connasaugaensis (Lea, 1858) -- valid -- Alabama creekmussel
  Strophitus subvexus (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- southern creekmussel
  Strophitus undulatus (Say, 1817) -- valid -- creeper, squawfoot
  Strophitus undulatus tennesseensis Frierson, 1927 -- invalid
  Strophitus undulatus undulatus (Say, 1817) -- invalid
  Theliderma cylindrica (Say, 1817) -- valid -- rabbitsfoot
  Theliderma intermedia (Conrad, 1836) -- valid -- Cumberland monkeyface, Cumberland monkeyface pearly mussel
  Theliderma metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- monkeyface
  Theliderma sparsa (Lea, 1841) -- valid -- Appalachian monkeyface, Appalachian monkeyface pearly mussel
  Theliderma stapes (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- stirrup shell, stirrupshell
  Toxolasma corvunculus (Lea, 1868) -- valid -- southern purple lilliput
  Toxolasma cylindrellus (Lea, 1868) -- valid -- pale lilliput, pale lilliput pearly mussel
  Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid -- purple lilliput
  Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid -- purple lilliput
  Toxolasma parvum (Barnes, 1823) -- valid -- lilliput
  Toxolasma parvus (Barnes, 1823) -- invalid -- lilliput
  Toxolasma paulum (Lea, 1840) -- valid -- iridescent lilliput
  Toxolasma paulus (Lea, 1840) -- invalid -- iridescent lilliput
  Toxolasma pullus (Conrad, 1838) -- valid -- Savannah lilliput
  Toxolasma texasense (Lea, 1857) -- invalid -- Texas lilliput
  Toxolasma texasiense (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- Texas lilliput
  Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pistolgrip
  Truncilla donaciformis (Lea, 1828) -- valid -- fawnsfoot
  Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- deertoe
  Unio altum Conrad, 1854 -- invalid
  Uniomerus columbensis (Lea, 1857) -- valid
  Uniomerus excultus (Conrad, 1838) -- invalid -- polished pondhorn
  Uniomerus tetralasmus (Say, 1831) -- valid -- pondhorn
  Utterbackia imbecillis (Say, 1829) -- valid -- paper pondshell
  Villosa fabalis (Lea, 1831) -- valid -- rayed bean
  Villosa iris (Lea, 1829) -- valid -- rainbow
  Villosa lienosa (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- little spectacle case, little spectaclecase
  Villosa nebulosa (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Alabama rainbow
  Villosa taeniata (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- painted creekshell
  Villosa trabalis (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- Cumberland bean
  Villosa umbrans (Lea, 1857) -- valid -- Coosa creekshell
  Villosa vanuxemensis (Lea, 1838) -- valid -- mountain creekshell
  Villosa vibex (Conrad, 1834) -- valid -- southern rainbow
  Villosa villosa (B.H. Wright, 1898) -- valid -- downy rainbow
   

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