Frost, Darrel R. 2019. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (12 September, 2019). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA
Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Ed.
Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:
Herpetological Circular, no. 43
Available free as PDF, and as updated database, at https://ssarherps.org/publications/north-american-checklist/
Continental US, Native
Verified Standards Met
Verified Min Standards Met
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ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
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However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species
are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a
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legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the
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