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Gymnothorax  Bloch, 1795
Taxonomic Serial No.: 161185

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Rabula Jordan and Davis, 1891
 
    Lycodontis Jordan and Evermann, 1896
 
    Siderea Kaup, 1856
 
    Thyrsoidea Kaup, 1856
 
  Common Name(s): common morays [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderElopomorpha   
                            OrderAnguilliformes  – eels, anguilles  
                               SuborderMuraenoidei   
                                  FamilyMuraenidae  – morays, morenas, murènes, moray eels  
                                     SubfamilyMuraeninae   
                                        GenusGymnothorax Bloch, 1795 – common morays  
    Direct Children:  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax afer Bloch, 1795  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax angusticauda (Weber and de Beaufort, 1916)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand and Barton, 1949)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax annasona Whitley, 1937  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax annulatus Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax atolli (Pietschmann, 1935)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax australicola Lavenberg, 1992  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax austrinus Böhlke and McCosker, 2001  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke and Brito, 1987  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax bathyphilus Randall and McCosker, 1975  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax berndti Snyder, 1904  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax breedeni McCosker and Randall, 1977  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker, 1857) – latticetail moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax castaneus (Jordan and Gilbert, 1883) – Panamic green moray, morena verde panámica 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax castlei Böhlke and Randall, 1999  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax cephalospilus Böhlke and McCosker, 2001  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax chilospilus Bleeker, 1865  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax chlamydatus Snyder, 1908  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax conspersus Poey, 1867 – saddled moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax cribroris Whitley, 1932  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax dorsalis Seale, 1917  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax dovii (Günther, 1870) – finespotted moray, morena pintita 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax elegans Bliss, 1883  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax enigmaticus McCosker and Randall, 1982  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax equatorialis (Hildebrand, 1946) – spottail moray, morena cola pintada 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax eurostus (Abbott, 1860)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax eurygnathos Böhlke, 2001  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax favagineus Bloch and Schneider, 1801  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832) – darkspotted moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830) – yellowedged moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax flavoculus (Böhlke and Randall, 1996)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax formosus Bleeker, 1865  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax funebris Ranzani, 1839 – green moray, morena verde 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax fuscomaculatus (Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax gracilicauda Jenkins, 1903  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax griseus (Lacepède, 1803) – geometric moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax herrei Beebe and Tee-van, 1933  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax hubbsi Böhlke and Böhlke, 1977 – lichen moray, morena liquen 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax intesi (Fourmanoir and Rivaton, 1979)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax javanicus (Bleeker, 1859)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax johnsoni (Smith, 1962)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax kidako (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax kolpos Böhlke and Böhlke, 1980 – blacktail moray, morena cola negra 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax kontodontos Böhlke, 2000  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax longinquus (Whitley, 1948)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862) – sharktooth moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax mareei Poll, 1953  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax margaritophorus Bleeker, 1865 – turnkeyed moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax marshallensis (Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax mccoskeri Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax megaspilus Böhlke and Randall, 1995  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax melatremus Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax meleagris (Shaw in Shaw and Nodder, 1795) – puhi 'oni'o, guineafowl moray, spotted moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax microstictus Böhlke, 2000  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856) – goldentail moray, morena de cola dorada, morena cola dorada, conger moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax minor (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax moluccensis (Bleeker, 1865)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax monochrous (Bleeker, 1856)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax monostigma (Regan, 1909)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859) – California moray, morena de California 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829) – spotted moray, morena manchada 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax nasuta de Buen, 1961  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax neglectus Tanaka, 1911  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax nigromarginatus (Girard, 1858) – blackedge moray, morena de margen negro 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax niphostigmus Chen, Shao and Chen, 1996  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax nubilus (Richardson, 1848)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax nudivomer (Günther in Playfair and Günther, 1867) – starry moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax nuttingi Snyder, 1904  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax obesus (Whitley, 1932)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1831 – Caribbean ocellated moray, moray eel, morena ocelada, spotted moray, ocellated moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax panamensis (Steindachner, 1876) – masked moray, morena mapache 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax parini Collette, Smith and Böhlke, 1991  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax phalarus Bussing, 1998  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax phasmatodes (Smith, 1962)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax philippinus Jordan and Seale, 1907  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax pictus (Ahl, 1789) – painted moray, painted reef eel 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax pikei Bliss, 1883  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax pindae Smith, 1962  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax polygonius Poey, 1875 – reticulated moray eel, polygon moray, morena de polígonos, morena polígona 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax polyspondylus Böhlke and Randall, 2000  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax polyuranodon (Bleeker, 1853) – freshwater moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax porphyreus (Guichenot, 1848)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax prasinus (Richardson, 1848)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax prionodon Ogilby, 1895  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax prismodon Böhlke and Randall, 2000  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax prolatus Sasaki and Amaoka, 1991  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax pseudoherrei Böhlke, 2000  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax pseudothyrsoideus (Bleeker, 1852)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax punctatofasciatus Bleeker, 1863  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax punctatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax randalli Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax reevesii (Richardson, 1845)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax reticularis Bloch, 1795  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax richardsonii (Bleeker, 1852) – y-lined moray, spotted-lip moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax robinsi Böhlke, 1997  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax rueppellii (McClelland, 1844) – Ruppell's moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax ryukyuensis Hatooka, 2003  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax sagmacephalus Böhlke, 1997  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax saxicola Jordan and Davis, 1891 – honeycomb moray, ocellated moray, morena punteada, morena panal 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax serratidens (Hildebrand and Barton, 1949)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax sokotrensis Kotthaus, 1968  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax steindachneri Jordan and Evermann, 1903  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax thyrsoideus (Richardson, 1845) – slender moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax tile (Hamilton, 1822)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax undulatus (Lacepède, 1803) – nami-utsubo, common Hawaiian moray, leopard moray 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax unicolor (Delaroche, 1809)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax vagrans (Seale, 1917)  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax verrilli (Jordan and Gilbert, 1883) – white-edged moray, morena de borde blanco 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax vicinus (Castelnau, 1855) – purplemouth moray, morena de boca púrpura, morena amarilla 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax wilsoni Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – Cape conger 
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax woodwardi McCulloch, 1912  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax ypsilon Hatooka and Randall, 1992  
                                           SpeciesGymnothorax zonipectis Seale, 1906  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes   
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes   
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Böhlke, E. B., J. E. Böhlke, M. M. Leiby, J. E. McCosker, et al. / Böhlke, Eugenia B., ed.   
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title: Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, no. 1, pt. 9, vol. 1   
  Page(s): xvii + 1-656   
  Publisher: Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Yale University   
  Publication Place: New Haven, Connecticut, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-935868-45-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.   
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.   
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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