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Oncorhynchus tshawytscha  (Walbaum in Artedi, 1792)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 161980

(Download Help) Oncorhynchus tshawytscha TSN 161980

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Chinook salmon [English]
 
    salmón boquinegra [Spanish]
 
    king salmon [English]
 
    saumon chinook [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderProtacanthopterygii   
                                  OrderSalmoniformes  – saumons, salmons  
                                     FamilySalmonidae  – salmonids, trouts and salmons, truchas y salmones, truites et saumons, salmons, trouts  
                                        SubfamilySalmoninae   
                                           GenusOncorhynchus Suckley, 1861 – Pacific salmon  
                                              SpeciesOncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum in Artedi, 1792) – Chinook salmon, salmón boquinegra, king salmon, saumon chinook  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: king salmon[English], saumon chinook [French]   
       
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 17-Mar-2003, website (version 13-Mar-03)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Threatened Status for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon, Threatened Status for Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 57, no. 78   
  Page(s): 14653-14663   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Threatened Status for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon, Threatened Status for Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 57, no. 107   
  Page(s): 23458   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Status of Sacramento River Winter-run Chinook Salmon   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 59, no. 2   
  Page(s): 440-450   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Mid-Columbia River Summer Chinook Salmon   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 59, no. 184   
  Page(s): 48855-48860   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Withdrawal of Proposed Rule to List Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and Fall Chinook Salmon as Endangered   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 63, no. 7   
  Page(s): 1807-1811   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Threatened Status for Three Chinook Salmon Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) in Washington and Oregon, and Endangered Status for One Chinook Salmon ESU in Washington   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 64, no. 56   
  Page(s): 14308-14328   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species; Threatened Status for Two Chinook Salmon Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) in California   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 64, no. 179   
  Page(s): 50394-50415   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determinations for 16 ESUs of West Coast Salmon, and Final 4(d) Protective Regulations for Threatened Salmonid ESUs   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 70, no. 123   
  Page(s): 37160-37204   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Listing Endangered and Threatened Species; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List Chinook Salmon in the Upper Klamath and Trinity Rivers Basin as Threatened or Endangered Under the Endangered Species Act   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 77, no. 63   
  Page(s): 19597-19605   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English], salmón boquinegra [Spanish], saumon chinook [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 12   
  Page(s): 174   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20   
  Page(s): 183   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-70-9, 0097-0638  
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of the Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and the Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon as Threatened Species   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 58, no. 183   
  Page(s): 49880-49881   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassification of the Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon From Threatened to Endangered Status   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 59, no. 56   
  Page(s): 13836   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of Nine Evolutionarily Significant Units of Chinook Salmon, Chum Salmon, Sockeye Salmon, and Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 64, no. 147   
  Page(s): 41835-41839   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Threatened Status for Two Chinook Salmon Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) in California   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 64, no. 249   
  Page(s): 72960-72961   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Chinook salmon [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: East Pacific  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Native  
    Canada, Native & Introduced  
    Continental US, Native & Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: US ESA: Listed Threatened the Snake River fall Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 57, Number 78, Pages 14653 - 14663, April 22, 1992  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the Snake River spring/summer Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 57, Number 78, Pages 14653 - 14663, April 22, 1992  
    US ESA: Change in status from Threatened to Endangered the Sacramento River winter-run population, as published in Federal Register Volume 59, Number 2, Pages 440 - 450, January 04, 1994  
    US ESA: Petition to list as threatened or endangered the mid-Columbia River summer Evolutionarily Significant Unit not warranted according to 12-month petition finding, as published in Federal Register Volume 59, Number 184, Pages 48855 - 48860, September 23, 1994  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as endangered withdrawn the Snake River fall Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 63, Number 7, Pages 1807 - 1811, January 12, 1998  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as endangered withdrawn the Snake River spring/summer Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 63, Number 7, Pages 1807 - 1811, January 12, 1998  
    US ESA: Listed Endangered the Upper Columbia River spring-run Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 56, Pages 14308 - 14328, March 24, 1999  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the Upper Willamette River Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 56, Pages 14308 - 14328, March 24, 1999  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the Lower Columbia River Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 56, Pages 14308 - 14328, March 24, 1999  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the Puget Sound Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 56, Pages 14308 - 14328, March 24, 1999  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as threatened withdrawn for the Southern Oregon and Northern California Coastal Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 179, Pages 50394 - 50415, September 16, 1999  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as threatened withdrawn for the California Central Valley fall-run Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 179, Pages 50394 - 50415, September 16, 1999  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as threatened withdrawn for the Snake River fall Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 179, Pages 50394 - 50415, September 16, 1999  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the California Coastal Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 179, Pages 50394 - 50415, September 16, 1999  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened the Central Valley spring-run Evolutionarily Significant Unit, as published in Federal Register Volume 64, Number 179, Pages 50394 - 50415, September 16, 1999  
    US ESA: Petition to list as threatened or endangered the Upper Klamath and Trinity Rivers Evolutionarily Significant Unit not warranted according to 12-month petition finding, as published in Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63, Pages 19597 - 19605, April 02, 2012  
 

 

   

 
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