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Characidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 162848

(Download Help) Characidae TSN 162848

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Characidiidae
 
    Crenuchidae
 
    Serrasalmidae
 
    Characinae
 
    Tetragonopterinae
 
    Iguanodectinae
 
    Glandulocaudinae
 
    Serrasalminae
 
    Rhoadsiinae
 
    Crenuchinae
 
    Characidiinae
 
    Stethaprioninae
 
  Common Name(s): American characins [English]
 
    characins [English]
 
    tetras [English]
 
    carácidos [Spanish]
 
    characins [French]
 
    charicidés [French]
 
    tétras [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2003   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderOstariophysi   
                            OrderCharaciformes  – piranhas, leporins, piranhas  
                               FamilyCharacidae  – American characins, characins, tetras, carácidos, characins, charicidés, tétras  
    Direct Children:  
                                  GenusAcanthocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusAcestrocephalus Eigenmann, 1910  
                                  GenusAcinocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 1999  
                                  GenusAcnodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  GenusAcrobrycon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  GenusAgoniates Müller and Troschel, 1845  
                                  GenusAmmocryptocharax Weitzman and Kanazawa, 1976  
                                  GenusAphyocharacidium Géry, 1960  
                                  GenusAphyocheirodon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusAphyodite Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusArgopleura Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  GenusAstyanacinus Eigenmann, 1907  
                                  GenusAstyanax Baird and Girard, 1854 – astynaxes 
                                  GenusAtopomesus Myers, 1927  
                                  GenusAttonitus Vari and Ortega, 2000  
                                  GenusAulixidens Böhlke, 1952  
                                  GenusBario Myers, 1940  
                                  GenusBrachychalcinus Boulenger, 1892  
                                  GenusBramocharax Gill in Gill and Bransford, 1877  
                                  GenusBrittanichthys Géry, 1965  
                                  GenusBryconacidnus Myers in Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                  GenusBryconamericus Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                  GenusBryconella Géry, 1965  
                                  GenusBryconexodon Géry, 1980  
                                  GenusBryconops Kner, 1858  
                                  GenusCaiapobrycon Malabarba and Vari, 2000  
                                  GenusCarlana Strand, 1928  
                                  GenusCatoprion Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusCeratobranchia Eigenmann in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  GenusChalceus Cuvier, 1818  
                                  GenusCharacidium Reinhardt, 1867  
                                  GenusCharax Scopoli, 1777  
                                  GenusCheirodon Girard, 1855  
                                  GenusCheirodontops Schultz, 1944  
                                  GenusChilobrycon Géry and de Rham, 1981  
                                  GenusChrysobrycon Weitzman and Menezes, 1998  
                                  GenusClupeacharax Pearson, 1924  
                                  GenusColossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                  GenusCompsura Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusCoptobrycon Géry, 1966  
                                  GenusCorynopoma Gill, 1858  
                                  GenusCreagrutus Günther, 1864  
                                  GenusCrenuchus Günther, 1863  
                                  GenusCyanocharax Malabarba and Weitzman, 2003  
                                  GenusCynopotamus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  GenusDeuterodon Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                  GenusDiapoma Cope, 1894  
                                  GenusElachocharax Myers, 1927  
                                  GenusEngraulisoma Castro, 1981  
                                  GenusGaleocharax Fowler, 1910  
                                  GenusGenycharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusGephyrocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusGeryichthys Zarske, 1997  
                                  GenusGlandulocauda Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusGnathocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                  GenusGrundulus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846  
                                  GenusGymnocharacinus Steindachner, 1903  
                                  GenusGymnocorymbus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusGymnotichthys Fernández-Yépez, 1950  
                                  GenusHasemania Ellis, 1911  
                                  GenusHemibrycon Günther, 1864  
                                  GenusHemigrammus Gill, 1858  
                                  GenusHenochilus Garman, 1890  
                                  GenusHeterocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusHeterocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                  GenusHollandichthys Eigenmann, 1910  
                                  GenusHoplocharax Géry, 1966  
                                  GenusHyphessobrycon Durbin in Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusHypobrycon Malabarba and Malabarba, 1994  
                                  GenusHysteronotus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusIguanodectes Cope, 1872  
                                  GenusInpaichthys Géry and Junk, 1977  
                                  GenusIotabrycon Roberts, 1973  
                                  GenusJupiaba Zanata, 1997  
                                  GenusKlausewitzia Géry, 1965  
                                  GenusKnodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusKolpotocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 2000  
                                  GenusLandonia Eigenmann and Henn in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  GenusLeptagoniates Boulenger, 1887  
                                  GenusLeptobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusLeptocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  GenusLignobrycon Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                  GenusLonchogenys Myers, 1927  
                                  GenusLophiobrycon Castro, Ribeira, Benine and Melo, 2003  
                                  GenusMacropsobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusMarkiana Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  GenusMelanocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  GenusMetynnis Cope, 1878  
                                  GenusMicrocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  GenusMicrogenys Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  GenusMicroschemobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusMimagoniates Regan, 1907  
                                  GenusMixobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusMoenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  GenusMonotocheirodon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  GenusMylesinus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  GenusMyleus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusMyloplus Gill, 1896  
                                  GenusMylossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                  GenusNanocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                  GenusNematocharax Weitzman, Menezes and Britski, 1986  
                                  GenusOdontocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  GenusOdontostilbe Cope, 1870  
                                  GenusOdontostoechus Gomes, 1947  
                                  GenusOligobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusOligosarcus Günther, 1864  
                                  GenusOrthospinus Reis, 1989  
                                  GenusOssubtus Jégu, 1992  
                                  GenusOthonocheirodus Myers, 1927  
                                  GenusOxybrycon Géry, 1964  
                                  GenusParacheirodon Géry, 1960 – neon tetras, green tetras, cardinal tetras 
                                  GenusParapristella Géry, 1964  
                                  GenusParastremma Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  GenusParecbasis Eigenmann, 1914  
                                  GenusPhenacobrycon Eigenmann, 1922  
                                  GenusPhenacogaster Eigenmann, 1907  
                                  GenusPhenagoniates Eigenmann and Wilson in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  GenusPiabarchus Myers, 1928  
                                  GenusPiabina Reinhardt, 1867  
                                  GenusPiabucus Oken, 1817  
                                  GenusPiaractus Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  GenusPlanaltina Böhlke, 1954  
                                  GenusPoecilocharax Eigenmann, 1909  
                                  GenusPoptella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusPriocharax Weitzman and Vari, 1987  
                                  GenusPristella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusPristobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  GenusProbolodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusProdontocharax Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  GenusPsalidodon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusPsellogrammus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusPseudochalceus Kner, 1863  
                                  GenusPseudocheirodon Meek and Hildebrand, 1916  
                                  GenusPseudocorynopoma Perugia, 1891  
                                  GenusPterobrycon Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  GenusPtychocharax Weitzman, Fink, Machado-Allison and Royero L., 1994  
                                  GenusPygocentrus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusPygopristis Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusRachoviscus Myers, 1926  
                                  GenusRhinobrycon Myers, 1944  
                                  GenusRhinopetitia Géry, 1964  
                                  GenusRhoadsia Fowler, 1911  
                                  GenusRoeboexodon Géry, 1959  
                                  GenusRoeboides Günther, 1864  
                                  GenusSaccoderma Schultz, 1944  
                                  GenusSalminus Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1829  
                                  GenusSchultzites Géry, 1964  
                                  GenusScissor Günther, 1864  
                                  GenusScopaeocharax Weitzman and Fink, 1985  
                                  GenusSerrabrycon Vari, 1986  
                                  GenusSerrapinnus Malabarba, 1998  
                                  GenusSerrasalmus Lacepčde, 1803  
                                  GenusSkiotocharax Presswell, Weitzman and Bergquist, 2000  
                                  GenusSpintherobolus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusStethaprion Cope, 1870  
                                  GenusStichonodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  GenusStygichthys Brittan and Böhlke, 1965  
                                  GenusTetragonopterus Cuvier, 1816  
                                  GenusThrissobrycon Böhlke, 1953  
                                  GenusTometes Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  GenusTucanoichthys Géry and Römer, 1997  
                                  GenusTyttobrycon Géry, 1973  
                                  GenusTyttocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                  GenusUtiaritichthys Miranda Ribeiro, 1937  
                                  GenusXenurobrycon Myers and Miranda Ribeiro, 1945  
       
                                FamilyCharacidae  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                                  SpeciesCheirodon jaguaribensis Fowler, 1941  
                                  SpeciesCheirodon ortegai Vari and Géry, 1980  
                                  SpeciesCheirodon pulcher (Gill, 1858)  
                                  SpeciesDeuterodon potaroensis Eigenmann, 1909  
                                  GenusAphyocharax Günther, 1868  
                                  GenusAxelrodia Géry, 1965  
                                  GenusBoehlkea Géry, 1966  
                                  GenusBrycon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusCarlastyanax Géry, 1972  
                                  GenusCtenobrycon Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusExodon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  GenusNematobrycon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  GenusParagoniates Steindachner, 1876  
                                  GenusPetitella Géry and Boutičre, 1964  
                                  GenusPrionobrama Fowler, 1913  
                                  GenusThayeria Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  GenusTriportheus Cope, 1872  
                                  GenusXenagoniates Myers, 1942  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes   
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Characidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: charicidés[French], tétras [French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes   
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes   
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: The second edition of the Vertebrate Checklist is in press as of 2/1998.   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.   
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.   
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: carácidos[Spanish], characins [English], characins [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Riehl, R., and H. A. Baensch   
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Aquarium Atlas   
  Page(s): 992   
  Publisher: Hans A. Baensch   
  Publication Place: Melle, Germany   
  ISBN/ISSN: 3-88244-050-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, American characins [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.   
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, characins [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
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