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Cyprinidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 163342

(Download Help) Cyprinidae TSN 163342

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Rasbora urophthalma Ahl, 1922
 
  Common Name(s): carps [English]
 
    minnows [English]
 
    carpas y carpitas [Spanish]
 
    carpes et ménés [French]
 
    carps and minnows [English]
 
    carpes [French]
 
    ménés [French]
 
    carpitas [Spanish]
 
    carpas [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2005   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderOstariophysi   
                            OrderCypriniformes  – cyprins, meuniers, minnows, suckers  
                               SuperfamilyCyprinoidea   
                                  FamilyCyprinidae  – carps, minnows, carpas y carpitas, carpes et ménés, carps and minnows, carpes, ménés, carpitas, carpas  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Genus Aaptosyax Rainboth, 1991  
                                     Genus Abbottina Jordan and Fowler, 1903  
                                     Genus Abramis Cuvier, 1816  
                                     Genus Acanthalburnus Berg, 1916  
                                     Genus Acanthobrama Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Acanthogobio Herzenstein, 1892  
                                     Genus Acanthorhodeus Bleeker, 1871  
                                     Genus Acapoeta Cockerell, 1910  
                                     Genus Acheilognathus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Achondrostoma Robalo, Almada, Levy and Doadrio, 2007  
                                     Genus Acrocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – chiselmouths 
                                     Genus Acrossocheilus Oshima, 1919  
                                     Genus Agosia Girard, 1856 – longfin daces 
                                     Genus Albulichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Alburnoides Jeitteles, 1861  
                                     Genus Alburnus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                     Genus Algansea Girard, 1856  
                                     Genus Amblypharyngodon Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Amblyrhynchichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Anabarilius Cockerell, 1923  
                                     Genus Anaecypris Collares-Pereira, 1983  
                                     Genus Ancherythroculter Yih and Wu, 1964  
                                     Genus Aphyocypris Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Aspidoparia Heckel, 1847  
                                     Genus Aspiolucius Berg, 1907  
                                     Genus Aspiorhynchus Kessler, 1879  
                                     Genus Aspius Agassiz, 1832  
                                     Genus Atrilinea Chu, 1935  
                                     Genus Aulopyge Heckel, 1841  
                                     Genus Aztecula Jordan and Evermann, 1898  
                                     Genus Balantiocheilos Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Bangana Hamilton, 1822  
                                     Genus Barbichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Barbodes Bleeker, 1859  
                                     Genus Barboides Brüning, 1929  
                                     Genus Barbonymus Kottelat, 1999  
                                     Genus Barbopsis Di Caporiacco, 1926  
                                     Genus Barbus Cuvier and Cloquet, 1816  
                                     Genus Barilius Hamilton, 1822  
                                     Genus Belligobio Jordan and Hubbs, 1925  
                                     Genus Bengala Gray, 1833  
                                     Genus Biwia Jordan and Fowler, 1903  
                                     Genus Blicca Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Boraras Kottelat and Vidthayanon, 1993  
                                     Genus Caecobarbus Boulenger, 1921  
                                     Genus Caecocypris Banister and Bunni, 1980  
                                     Genus Campostoma Agassiz, 1855 – stonerollers 
                                     Genus Candidia Jordan and Richardson, 1909  
                                     Genus Capoeta Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1842  
                                     Genus Capoetobrama Berg, 1916  
                                     Genus Carasobarbus Karaman, 1971  
                                     Genus Carassioides Oshima, 1926  
                                     Genus Carassius Nilsson, 1832 – Crucian carps 
                                     Genus Catlocarpio Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Chagunius Smith, 1938  
                                     Genus Chalcalburnus Berg, 1933  
                                     Genus Chanodichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Chela Hamilton, 1822  
                                     Genus Chelaethiops Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832  
                                     Genus Chrosomus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                     Genus Chuanchia Herzenstein, 1891  
                                     Genus Cirrhinus Oken, 1817  
                                     Genus Clinostomus Girard, 1856 – redside daces 
                                     Genus Coptostomabarbus David and Poll, 1937  
                                     Genus Coreius Jordan and Starks, 1905  
                                     Genus Coreoleuciscus Mori, 1935  
                                     Genus Cosmochilus Sauvage, 1878  
                                     Genus Couesius Jordan, 1878 – lake chubs 
                                     Genus Crossocheilus Kuhl and van Hasselt in van Hasselt, 1823  
                                     Genus Ctenopharyngodon Steindachner, 1866 – grass carps 
                                     Genus Culter Basilewsky, 1855  
                                     Genus Cultrichthys Smith, 1938  
                                     Genus Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker, 1859  
                                     Genus Cyprinella Girard, 1856 – satinfin shiners 
                                     Genus Cyprinion Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Cyprinus Linnaeus, 1758 – common carps 
                                     Genus Danio Hamilton, 1822  
                                     Genus Danionella Roberts, 1986  
                                     Genus Devario Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Dionda Girard, 1856 – desert minnows 
                                     Genus Diptychus Steindachner, 1866  
                                     Genus Discherodontus Rainboth, 1989  
                                     Genus Discocheilus Zhang, 1997  
                                     Genus Discogobio Lin, 1931  
                                     Genus Discolabeo Fowler, 1937  
                                     Genus Distoechodon Peters, 1881  
                                     Genus Eirmotus Schultz, 1959  
                                     Genus Elopichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Engraulicypris Günther, 1894  
                                     Genus Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker, 1855  
                                     Genus Eremichthys Hubbs and Miller, 1948 – desert daces 
                                     Genus Erimonax Jordan, 1924  
                                     Genus Erimystax Jordan, 1882 – slender chubs 
                                     Genus Esomus Swainson, 1839  
                                     Genus Evarra Woolman, 1894  
                                     Genus Exoglossum Rafinesque, 1818 – cutlips minnows 
                                     Genus Garra Hamilton, 1822  
                                     Genus Gibelion Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Gila Baird and Girard, 1853 – western chubs 
                                     Genus Gnathopogon Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Gobio Cuvier, 1816  
                                     Genus Gobiobotia Kreyenberg, 1911  
                                     Genus Gobiocypris Ye and Fu, 1983  
                                     Genus Gymnocypris Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Gymnodanio Chen and He, 1992  
                                     Genus Gymnodiptychus Herzenstein, 1892  
                                     Genus Gymnostomus Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Hainania Koller, 1927  
                                     Genus Hampala Kuhl and van Hasselt in van Hasselt, 1823  
                                     Genus Hemibarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Hemiculter Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Hemiculterella Warpachowski, 1887  
                                     Genus Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin, 1927  
                                     Genus Hemigrammocypris Fowler, 1910  
                                     Genus Hemitremia Cope, 1870 – flame chub 
                                     Genus Henicorhynchus Smith, 1945  
                                     Genus Herzensteinia Chu, 1935  
                                     Genus Hesperoleucus Snyder, 1913 – California roaches 
                                     Genus Horadandia Deraniyagala, 1943  
                                     Genus Horalabiosa Silas, 1954  
                                     Genus Huigobio Fang, 1938  
                                     Genus Hybognathus Agassiz, 1855 – silvery minnows 
                                     Genus Hybopsis Agassiz, 1854 – bigeye chubs 
                                     Genus Hypophthalmichthys Bleeker, 1860 – bighead carps 
                                     Genus Hypselobarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Hypsibarbus Rainboth, 1996  
                                     Genus Iberocypris Doadrio, 1980  
                                     Genus Inlecypris Howes, 1980  
                                     Genus Iotichthys Jordan and Evermann, 1896 – least chubs 
                                     Genus Iranocypris Bruun and Kaiser, 1944  
                                     Genus Ischikauia Jordan and Snyder, 1900  
                                     Genus Kalimantania Banarescu, 1980  
                                     Genus Kosswigobarbus Karaman, 1971  
                                     Genus Labeo Cuvier, 1816  
                                     Genus Labeobarbus Rüppell, 1835  
                                     Genus Labiobarbus van Hasselt, 1823  
                                     Genus Ladigesocypris Karaman, 1972  
                                     Genus Ladislavia Dybowski, 1869  
                                     Genus Lagowskiella Dybowski, 1916  
                                     Genus Laocypris Kottelat, 2000  
                                     Genus Lavinia Girard, 1854 – hitches 
                                     Genus Lepidomeda Cope, 1874 – spinedaces 
                                     Genus Lepidopygopsis Raj, 1941  
                                     Genus Leptobarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Leptocypris Boulenger, 1900  
                                     Genus Leucalburnus Berg, 1916  
                                     Genus Leucaspius Heckel and Kner, 1858  
                                     Genus Leuciscus Cuvier, 1816 – European daces 
                                     Genus Linichthys Zhang and Fang, 2005  
                                     Genus Lissochilus Weber and de Beaufort, 1916  
                                     Genus Lobocheilos Bleeker, 1853  
                                     Genus Longiculter Fowler, 1937  
                                     Genus Luciobrama Bleeker, 1870  
                                     Genus Luciocyprinus Vaillant, 1904  
                                     Genus Luciosoma Bleeker, 1855  
                                     Genus Luxilus Rafinesque, 1820 – highscale shiners 
                                     Genus Lythrurus Jordan, 1876 – finescale shiners 
                                     Genus Macrhybopsis Cockerell and Allison, 1909 – blacktail chubs 
                                     Genus Macrochirichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Margariscus Cockerell, 1909 – pearl daces 
                                     Genus Meda Girard, 1856 – spikedaces 
                                     Genus Megalobrama Dybowski, 1872  
                                     Genus Mekongina Fowler, 1937  
                                     Genus Mesobola Howes, 1984  
                                     Genus Mesogobio Banarescu and Nalbant, 1973  
                                     Genus Mesopotamichthys Karaman, 1971  
                                     Genus Metzia Jordan and Thompson, 1914  
                                     Genus Microphysogobio Mori, 1934  
                                     Genus Microrasbora Annandale, 1918  
                                     Genus Moapa Hubbs and Miller, 1948 – Moapa daces 
                                     Genus Mylocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – peamouths 
                                     Genus Mylopharodon Ayres, 1855 – hardheads 
                                     Genus Mylopharyngodon Peters, 1881  
                                     Genus Mystacoleucus Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Naziritor Mirza and Javed, 1985  
                                     Genus Nematabramis Boulenger, 1894  
                                     Genus Neobarynotus Banarescu, 1980  
                                     Genus Neobola Vinciguerra, 1895  
                                     Genus Neolissochilus Rainboth, 1985  
                                     Genus Nicholsicypris Chu, 1935  
                                     Genus Nocomis Girard, 1856 – hornyhead chubs 
                                     Genus Notemigonus Rafinesque, 1819 – golden shiners 
                                     Genus Notropis Rafinesque, 1818 – eastern shiners 
                                     Genus Ochetobius Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Onychostoma Günther, 1896  
                                     Genus Opsaridium Peters, 1854  
                                     Genus Opsariichthys Bleeker, 1863  
                                     Genus Opsarius McClelland, 1839  
                                     Genus Opsopoeodus Hay, 1881 – pugnose minnows 
                                     Genus Oregonichthys Hubbs in Schultz, 1929 – Oregon chubs 
                                     Genus Oreichthys Smith, 1933  
                                     Genus Oreoleuciscus Warpachowski, 1889  
                                     Genus Orthodon Girard, 1856 – Sacramento blackfishes 
                                     Genus Osteobrama Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Osteochilichthys Hora, 1942  
                                     Genus Osteochilus Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Oxygaster van Hasselt, 1823  
                                     Genus Oxygymnocypris Tsao, 1964  
                                     Genus Pachychilon Steindachner, 1882  
                                     Genus Parabramis Bleeker, 1865  
                                     Genus Paracanthobrama Bleeker, 1865  
                                     Genus Parachela Steindachner, 1881  
                                     Genus Paracrossochilus Popta, 1904  
                                     Genus Paralaubuca Bleeker, 1865  
                                     Genus Paraleucogobio Berg, 1907  
                                     Genus Parapsilorhynchus Hora, 1921  
                                     Genus Pararhinichthys Stauffer, Hocutt and Mayden, 1997 – mongrel daces 
                                     Genus Parasikukia Doi, 2000  
                                     Genus Parasinilabeo Wu, 1939  
                                     Genus Paraspinibarbus Chu and Kottelat, 1989  
                                     Genus Parasqualidus Doi, 2000  
                                     Genus Parazacco Chen, 1982  
                                     Genus Pectenocypris Kottelat, 1982  
                                     Genus Pelecus Agassiz, 1835  
                                     Genus Percocypris Chu, 1935  
                                     Genus Petroleuciscus Bogutskaya, 2002  
                                     Genus Phenacobius Cope, 1867 – suckermouth minnows 
                                     Genus Phoxinellus Heckel, 1843  
                                     Genus Phoxinus Rafinesque, 1820 – redbelly daces 
                                     Genus Phreatichthys Vinciguerra, 1924  
                                     Genus Pimephales Rafinesque, 1820 – bluntnose minnows 
                                     Genus Placocheilus Wu in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen and He, 1977  
                                     Genus Plagiognathops Berg, 1907  
                                     Genus Plagopterus Cope, 1874 – woundfins 
                                     Genus Platygobio Gill, 1863 – flathead chubs 
                                     Genus Platypharodon Herzenstein, 1891  
                                     Genus Platysmacheilus Lu, Luo and Chen, 1977  
                                     Genus Pogobrama Luo, 1995  
                                     Genus Pogonichthys Girard, 1854 – splittails 
                                     Genus Poropuntius Smith, 1931  
                                     Genus Probarbus Sauvage, 1880  
                                     Genus Procypris Lin, 1933  
                                     Genus Prolabeo Norman, 1932  
                                     Genus Prolabeops Schultz, 1941  
                                     Genus Pseudaspius Dybowski, 1869  
                                     Genus Pseudobarbus Smith, 1841  
                                     Genus Pseudobrama Bleeker, 1870  
                                     Genus Pseudogobio Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Pseudohemiculter Nichols and Pope, 1927  
                                     Genus Pseudolaubuca Bleeker, 1865  
                                     Genus Pseudophoxinus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Pseudopungtungia Mori, 1935  
                                     Genus Pseudorasbora Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Pteronotropis Fowler, 1935 – flagfin shiners 
                                     Genus Ptychidio Myers, 1930  
                                     Genus Ptychobarbus Steindachner, 1866  
                                     Genus Ptychocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – pikeminnows 
                                     Genus Pungtungia Herzenstein, 1892  
                                     Genus Puntioplites Smith, 1929  
                                     Genus Puntius Hamilton, 1822 – spotted barbs 
                                     Genus Qianlabeo Zhang and Chen, 2004  
                                     Genus Raiamas Jordan, 1919  
                                     Genus Rasbora Bleeker, 1859  
                                     Genus Rasborichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Rasborinus Oshima, 1920  
                                     Genus Rastrineobola Fowler, 1936  
                                     Genus Rectoris Lin, 1935  
                                     Genus Relictus Hubbs and Miller, 1972 – relict daces 
                                     Genus Rhinichthys Agassiz, 1849 – riffle daces 
                                     Genus Rhinogobio Bleeker, 1870  
                                     Genus Rhodeus Agassiz, 1832 – bitterling 
                                     Genus Richardsonius Girard, 1856 – redside shiners 
                                     Genus Rohtee Sykes, 1839  
                                     Genus Rohteichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Romanogobio Banarescu, 1961  
                                     Genus Rostrogobio Taranetz, 1937  
                                     Genus Rutilus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                     Genus Salmostoma Swainson, 1839  
                                     Genus Sanagia Holly, 1926  
                                     Genus Sarcocheilichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Saurogobio Bleeker, 1870  
                                     Genus Sawbwa Annandale, 1918  
                                     Genus Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra, 1890  
                                     Genus Scaphognathops Smith, 1945  
                                     Genus Scardinius Bonaparte, 1837 – rudds 
                                     Genus Schismatorhynchos Bleeker, 1855  
                                     Genus Schizocypris Regan, 1914  
                                     Genus Schizopyge Heckel, 1847  
                                     Genus Schizopygopsis Steindachner, 1866  
                                     Genus Schizothorax Heckel, 1838  
                                     Genus Securicula Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Semilabeo Peters, 1881  
                                     Genus Semiplotus Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Semotilus Rafinesque, 1820 – creek chubs 
                                     Genus Sikukia Smith, 1931  
                                     Genus Sinibrama Wu, 1939  
                                     Genus Sinilabeo Rendahl, 1932  
                                     Genus Sinocrossocheilus Wu in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen and He, 1977  
                                     Genus Sinocyclocheilus Fang, 1936  
                                     Genus Siphateles Cope, 1883 – tui chubs 
                                     Genus Spinibarbus Oshima, 1919  
                                     Genus Squalidus Dybowski, 1872  
                                     Genus Squaliobarbus Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Stypodon Garman, 1881  
                                     Genus Sundadanio Kottelat and Witte, 1999  
                                     Genus Tanakia Jordan and Thompson, 1914  
                                     Genus Tanichthys Lin, 1932  
                                     Genus Telestes Bonaparte, 1837  
                                     Genus Thryssocypris Roberts and Kottelat, 1984  
                                     Genus Thynnichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                     Genus Tinca Cuvier, 1816 – tenches 
                                     Genus Tor Gray, 1834  
                                     Genus Toxabramis Günther, 1873  
                                     Genus Tribolodon Sauvage, 1883  
                                     Genus Trigonostigma Kottelat and Witte, 1999  
                                     Genus Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat and Bréhier, 1999  
                                     Genus Tropidophoxinellus Stephanidis, 1974  
                                     Genus Typhlobarbus Chu and Chen, 1982  
                                     Genus Typhlogarra Trewavas, 1955  
                                     Genus Varicorhinus Rüppell, 1835  
                                     Genus Vimba Fitzinger, 1873  
                                     Genus Xenobarbus Norman, 1923  
                                     Genus Xenocyprioides Chen, 1982  
                                     Genus Xenocypris Günther, 1868  
                                     Genus Xenophysogobio Chen and Cao, 1977  
                                     Genus Yaoshanicus Lin, 1931  
                                     Genus Yuriria Jordan and Evermann, 1896  
                                     Genus Zacco Jordan and Evermann, 1902  
       
                                   FamilyCyprinidae  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                                     Species Alburnus harusini Herzenstein, 1889  
                                     Species Alburnus nordmannii Dybowski, 1862  
                                     Species Alburnus oleiferus Dabry de Thiersant, 1872  
                                     Species Alburnus vignoni Lortet, 1883  
                                     Species Aspius alburnus Bonaparte, 1841  
                                     Species Barbodes baoulan Herre, 1926  
                                     Species Barbodes clemensi Herre, 1924  
                                     Species Barbodes palata Herre, 1924  
                                     Species Barbodes tras Herre, 1926  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: carpes[French], ménés [French]   
       
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 08-Apr-2005, website (version 05-Apr-05)  
  Acquired: 2005   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carpas y carpitas [Spanish], carpes [French], carpes et ménés [French], carps and minnows [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 12   
  Page(s): 174   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20   
  Page(s): 183   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-70-9, 0097-0638  
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: World Fishes Important to North Americans Exclusive of Species from the Continental Waters of the United States and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 21   
  Page(s): 243   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-54-7, 0097-0638  
  Notes: 0-913124-54-7 (cloth)   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       

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