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Opistognathus  Cuvier, 1816
Taxonomic Serial No.: 170925

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Gnathypops Gill, 1862
    Merogymnus Ogilby, 1908
  Common Name(s): spotfin jawfishes [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                                  FamilyOpistognathidae  – jawfishes, smilers, bocones, tout-en-gueule  
                                     GenusOpistognathus Cuvier, 1816 – spotfin jawfishes  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Opistognathus aurifrons (Jordan and Thompson, 1905) – yellowhead jawfish, guardian cabeziamarillo, bocón cabeza amarilla 
                                        Species Opistognathus brasiliensis Smith-Vaniz, 1997  
                                        Species Opistognathus castelnaui Bleeker, 1860  
                                        Species Opistognathus cuvierii Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1836  
                                        Species Opistognathus darwiniensis Macleay, 1878  
                                        Species Opistognathus decorus Smith-Vaniz and Yoshino, 1985  
                                        Species Opistognathus dendriticus (Jordan and Richardson, 1908) – tabangka 
                                        Species Opistognathus evermanni (Jordan and Snyder, 1902)  
                                        Species Opistognathus eximius (Ogilby, 1908) – harlequin smiler 
                                        Species Opistognathus fenmutis Acero P. and Franke, 1993  
                                        Species Opistognathus galapagensis Allen and Robertson, 1991  
                                        Species Opistognathus gilberti Böhlke, 1967 – yellow jawfish, yellow jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus hongkongiensis Chan, 1968  
                                        Species Opistognathus hopkinsi (Jordan and Snyder, 1902)  
                                        Species Opistognathus inornatus Ramsay and Ogilby, 1887  
                                        Species Opistognathus iyonis (Jordan and Thompson, 1913)  
                                        Species Opistognathus jacksoniensis Macleay, 1881  
                                        Species Opistognathus latitabundus (Whitley, 1937)  
                                        Species Opistognathus leprocarus Smith-Vaniz, 1997  
                                        Species Opistognathus liturus Smith-Vaniz and Yoshino, 1985  
                                        Species Opistognathus lonchurus Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 – moustache jawfish, guardian verdoso, bocón bigote 
                                        Species Opistognathus macrognathus Poey, 1860 – banded jawfish, longjaw jawfish, spotfin jawfish, guardian bocón 
                                        Species Opistognathus macrolepis Peters, 1866  
                                        Species Opistognathus margaretae Smith-Vaniz, 1984  
                                        Species Opistognathus maxillosus Poey, 1860 – mottled jawfish, guardian jaspeado, bocón moteado 
                                        Species Opistognathus megalepis Smith-Vaniz, 1972 – bocón escamón, largescale jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus melachasme Smith-Vaniz, 1972 – yellowmouth jawfish, megabocón, megamouth jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus mexicanus Allen and Robertson, 1991 – bocón mexicano, Mexican jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus muscatensis Boulenger, 1888 – jawfish, jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus nigromarginatus Rüppell, 1830 – moustached jawfish, bridled jawfish, moustached jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus nothus Smith-Vaniz, 1997 – yellowmouth jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus panamaensis Allen and Robertson, 1991  
                                        Species Opistognathus papuensis Bleeker, 1868  
                                        Species Opistognathus punctatus Peters, 1869 – bocón punteado, finespotted jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus reticulatus (McKay, 1969)  
                                        Species Opistognathus rhomaleus Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 – bocón gigante, giant jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus robinsi Smith-Vaniz, 1997 – spotfin jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus rosenbergii Bleeker, 1857  
                                        Species Opistognathus rosenblatti Allen and Robertson, 1991 – bluespotted jawfish, bocón manchas azules 
                                        Species Opistognathus scops (Jenkins and Evermann, 1889) – bocón ocelado, bullseye jawfish 
                                        Species Opistognathus signatus Smith-Vaniz, 1997  
                                        Species Opistognathus solorensis Bleeker, 1853  
                                        Species Opistognathus whitehursti (Longley, 1927) – dusky jawfish, guardian escamudo, bocón prieto 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 12   
  Page(s): 174   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-091   
  Reference for: Opistognathus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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