the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Lampropeltis triangulum  (Lacépède, 1789)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 174187

(Download Help) Lampropeltis triangulum TSN 174187

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Lampropeltis doliata (Linnaeus, 1766)
    Coluber doliatus Linnaeus, 1766
  Common Name(s): Milk Snake [English]
    Milksnake [English]
    Culebra-real coralillo [Spanish]
    couleuvre tachetée [French]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderSquamata Oppel, 1811 – Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes, amphisbènes, lézards, serpents  
                            SuborderSerpentes Linnaeus, 1758 – Snakes, cobra, serpente, serpents  
                               InfraorderAlethinophidia Nopcsa, 1923  
                                  FamilyColubridae Oppel, 1811 – Colubrids, Typical Snakes  
                                     GenusLampropeltis Fitzinger, 1843 – Kingsnakes, Milk Snakes  
                                        SpeciesLampropeltis triangulum (Lacépède, 1789) – Milk Snake, Milksnake, Culebra-real coralillo, couleuvre tachetée  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum amaura Cope, 1861 – Louisiana Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum annulata Kennicott, 1860 – Mexican Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops Stejneger, 1903 – New Mexico Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides (Holbrook, 1838) – Scarlet Kingsnake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis (Baird and Girard, 1853) – Central Plains Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum multistriata Kennicott, 1860 – Pale Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum syspila (Cope, 1888) – Red Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum taylori Tanner and Loomis, 1957 – Utah Milk Snake 
                                           Subspecies Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum (Lacépède, 1789) – Eastern Milk Snake 

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: Milk Snake[English], couleuvre tachetée [French]   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Culebra-real coralillo[Spanish]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum   
  Source: Snake Species of the World, vol. undetermined, manuscript (version 2004)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: Working manuscript of follow-up volumes to McDiarmid et al. (1999), "Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1"   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Lampropeltis triangulum   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
    South America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Canada, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
    Mexico, Native  



  Comment: Lampropeltis triangulum Lacepede, 1789. The correct publication date for this name is 1789 and not 1788 as often seen cited by several workers. In Lacepede's (1788-1789) two volume work there are no snakes mentioned. The snakes are in volume 2 (1789) see also Opinion 1463  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar