Checklist of the Scarabaeoidea of the Nearctic Realm, website (version 4)
Smith, A.B.T. 2009. Checklist and Nomenclatural Authority File of the Scarabaeoidea of the Nearctic Realm. Version 4. Electronically published, Ottawa, Canada. 97 pp., available online at http://museum.unl.edu/research/entomology/SSSA/nearctic.htm
NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)
Nishida, Gordon M., ed.
Hawaiian Terrestrial Arthropod Checklist, 4th ed.
Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:
Bishop Museum Technical Report no. 22
iv + 313
Hawaii Biological Survey, Bishop Museum
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Contribution No. 2002-005 to the Hawaii Biological Survey
Continental US, Native
ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
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been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S.
legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.