Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Report

Go to Print Version

Platyhelminthes  Minot, 1876
Taxonomic Serial No.: 53963

(Download Help) Platyhelminthes TSN 53963

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Phylum  
  Synonym(s): Turbellaria
    Graffia Levinsen, 1879
    Dalyellioidarum Steinböck, 1948
    Coleophora Steinböck, 1932
    Thalattoplana Bock, 1925
    Celidotus Diesing, 1862
    Disorus Diesing, 1862
    Graffiella Korotneff, 1912
    Goharia Beltagi, 1958
    Gyrator Ehrenberg, 1831
    Anotocelis Diesing, 1862
    Goniocarena Schmarda, 1859
    Ommatoplea Diesing, 1862
    Diporoplana Steinböck, 1932
    Lamelliposthia Steinböck, 1932
    Planaridium Pease, 1860
    Anomalocoelus Haswell, 1905
    Derostoma Ørsted, 1844
    Diotis Schmarda, 1859
    Chonostomum Schmarda, 1859
    Megastomum Schmarda, 1859
    Brederweldia Karling, 1978
    Mesopharynx Schmarda, 1859
    Nemertoscolex Greeff, 1877
    Platamonia Busch, 1851
    Heteroplana Willey, 1897
    Spiroclytus Schmidt, 1857
    Prostomum A. L. Dugès, 1828
    Proteola Czerniavsky, 1880
    Typhloplanidarum Steinböck, 1948
    Pseudogyratrix Meixner, 1938
    Tetracotylus Korotneff, 1912
    Polysolenoposthia Steinböck, 1932
    Telostomum Schmarda, 1859
    Rhynchota Schmarda, 1859
    Rhynchoprobolus Schmarda, 1859
    Gyrator marginstus Graff, 1882
    Gyrator littorales Ørsted, 1843
    Chonostomum crenulatum Schmarda, 1859
    Derostoma truncatum Schmarda, 1859
    Derostoma notops A. L. Dugès, 1828
    Derostoma leucocelis Schmarda, 1859
    Diotis grisea Schmarda, 1859
    Ommatoplea armata (A. L. Dugès, 1830)
    Platamonia tergestina Busch, 1851
    Pseudogyratrix helgolandicum Meixner, 1938
    Rhynchoprobolus erythrophthalmus Schmarda, 1859
    Rhynchoprobolus tetrophthalmus Schmarda, 1859
    Prostomum littorale Ørsted, 1843
    Prostomum elipsinoideum A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Tetracotylus tenax Korotneff, 1912
    Curtisia ambigua (Böhmig, 1902)
    Bipalium modiglianii Graff, 1894
    Coleophora levinseni (Steinböck, 1932)
    Anotocelis flavicaris (Ehrenberg, 1831)
    Anomalocoelus caecus Haswell, 1905
    Nemertoscolex parasiticus Greeff, 1877
    Lamelliposthia rubromaculata Steinböck and Lanser, 1932
    Megastomum ferrugineum Schmarda, 1859
    Planaria ambigua Böhmig, 1902
    Elasmodes obtusus Collingwood, 1876
    Dugesia ambigua (Böhmig, 1902)
    Derostoma selenops A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Diporoplana cnidophora (Steinböck, 1932)
    Disorus viridis Ehrenberg, 1831
    Diporoplana fulgipenis (Steinböck, 1932)
    Derostoma mutabils A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Derostoma flavicaris Ehrenberg, 1831
    Derostoma claudiopolitanum Sekera, 1904
    Derostoma lanceolatum A. L. Dugès, 1828
    Derostoma laticeps A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Derostoma angusticeps A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Derostoma benedenii Francotte, 1883
    Graffia capitata Levinsen, 1879
    Gyrator album Silliman, 1884
    Graffiella lamelli-rostris Korotneff, 1912
    Goharia obscuria Beltagi, 1958
    Goniocarena capitata (Ørsted, 1844)
    Gyrator tetrophthalmus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Gyrator viridis Busch, 1851
    Gyratoris viridis Busch, 1851
    Gyrator erythrophthalmus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Gyrator helgolandicus Attems, 1897
    Gyrator notops (A. L. Dugès, 1828)
    Gyrator papillosus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Heteroplana newtoni Willey, 1897
    Telostomum ferrugineum Schmarda, 1859
    Proporus viridis (Busch, 1851)
    Vortex capitata Ørsted, 1844
    Vortex crenulatum (Schmarda, 1859)
    Vortex selenops Graff, 1882
    Turbella truncata (Schmarda, 1859)
    Turbella leucocelis (Schmarda, 1859)
    Turbella lanceolatum (A. L. Dugès, 1828)
    Turbella selenops (A. L. Dugès, 1830)
    Polysolenoposthia bathycola Steinböck and Lanser, 1932
    Polysolenoposthia porsildi Steinböck and Lanser, 1932
    Turbella crenulata (Schmarda, 1859)
    Rhynchota tetrophthalmus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Rhynchota papillosus Schmarda, 1859
    Rhynchota erythrophthalmus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Rhynchoprobolus papillosus Schmarda, 1859
    Rhynchoscolex papillosus (Schmarda, 1859)
    Spiroclytus capitata (Ørsted, 1844)
    Prostomum armatum A. L. Dugès, 1830
    Proteola hyalina Czerniavsky, 1881
  Common Name(s): flatworms [English]
    plathelminthes [French]
    platodes [French]
    platelminte [Portuguese]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2016   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
             PhylumPlatyhelminthes Minot, 1876 – flatworms, plathelminthes, platodes, platelminte  
    Direct Children:  
                Subphylum Catenulida   
                Subphylum Rhabditophora Ehlers, 1985  
              PhylumPlatyhelminthes Minot, 1876 incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                Species Derostoma elongatum Schmarda, 1859  
                Genus Centrostomum Diesing, 1859  
                Genus Darwinia Pereyaslawzewa, 1892  
                Genus Diplonchus Stimpson, 1857  
                Genus Endocelis Schmankewitsch, 1873  
                Genus Glossostoma Le Conte, 1851  
                Genus Monotus Diesing, 1862  
                Genus Niobe Girard, 1852  
                Genus Plagiostomula Westblad, 1956  
                Genus Polyporus Plehn, 1897  
                Genus Trachyplana Stimpson, 1857  
                Genus Tricelis Quatrefage, 1845  
                Genus Turbella Ehrenberg, 1831  
                Genus Typhlolepta Ørsted, 1843  
                Genus Vortex Ehrenberg, 1831  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: plathelminthes[French], platodes [French]   
  Source: CRIA-Brazil, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: platelminte[Portuguese]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Platyhelminthes   
  Source: Turbellarian taxonomic database, 1.7, database (version 1.7)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Tyler S, Schilling S, Hooge M, and Bush LF (comp.) (2006-2016) Turbellarian taxonomic database. Version 1.7 (data licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0; material adapted: formatted and edited)   
  Reference for: Platyhelminthes   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Invertebrates   
  Page(s): xiii + 992   
  Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Inc.   
  Publication Place: Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-87893-098-1   
  Reference for: Platyhelminthes   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Brusca, Richard C., Wendy Moore, and Stephen M. Shuster  
  Publication Date: 2016   
  Article/Chapter Title: Chapter 10: Plylum Platyhelminthes: The Flatworms   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Invertebrates, Third Edition   
  Page(s): 373-411   
  Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Inc.   
  Publication Place: Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-1605353753   
  Reference for: Platyhelminthes   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ruggiero, M. A., D. P. Gordon, T. M. Orrell, N. Bailly, T. Bourgoin, R. C. Brusca, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2015   
  Article/Chapter Title: Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: PLoS ONE vol. 10, no. 6, e0130114   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1932-6203   
  Notes: Available online at ; Full authorship: Ruggiero, M. A., D. P. Gordon, T. M. Orrell, N. Bailly, T. Bourgoin, R. C. Brusca, T. Cavalier-Smith, M. D. Guiry, and P. M. Kirk   
  Reference for: Platyhelminthes   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Brusca et al. (2016:376) note that the 'internal classification of flatworms has been subjected to frequent revisions', and that we 'can expect continued reorganization of the flatworms in the near future.' Nevertheless, they cite two completely separate studies of flatworm phylogeny from 2015 that 'resulted in nearly the same phylogeny', and presented a classification based primarily on those recent works. ITIS is following that classification here, pending further revisions  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar