Smith, D. G. / Carpenter, Kent E., and Volker H. Niem, eds.
Synaphobranchidae: Cutthroat eels
Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:
FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes: The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific, vol. 3: Batoid fishes, chimaeras and Bony fishes, part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species
are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a
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