Research Botanist and Associate Curator, National Herbarium, National Museum of Natural History, MRC 166, PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA
Malvales of North America Update, database (version 2011)
Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)
Tropicos, 2020, database (version 2020-08)
Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 10 Aug 2020
Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:
ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species
are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a
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been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S.
legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the
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