Checklist of the Scarabaeoidea of the Nearctic Realm, website (version 4)
Smith, A.B.T. 2009. Checklist and Nomenclatural Authority File of the Scarabaeoidea of the Nearctic Realm. Version 4. Electronically published, Ottawa, Canada. 97 pp., available online at http://museum.unl.edu/research/entomology/SSSA/nearctic.htm
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ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species
are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a
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legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the
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