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Oncorhynchus mykiss  (Walbaum, 1792)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 161989

(Download Help) Oncorhynchus mykiss TSN 161989

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Salmo mykiss Walbaum, 1792
 
    Onchorynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792)
 
    Salmo gibbsii Suckley, 1859
 
    Oncorhynchus mykiss gibbsi (Suckley, 1859)
 
  Common Name(s): rainbow trout [English]
 
    trucha arcoiris [Spanish]
 
    steelhead [English]
 
    truite arc-en-ciel [French]
 
    redband trout [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderProtacanthopterygii   
                                  OrderSalmoniformes  – saumons, salmons  
                                     FamilySalmonidae  – salmonids, trouts and salmons, truchas y salmones, truites et saumons, salmons, trouts  
                                        SubfamilySalmoninae   
                                           GenusOncorhynchus Suckley, 1861 – Pacific salmon  
                                              SpeciesOncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) – rainbow trout, trucha arcoiris, steelhead, truite arc-en-ciel, redband trout  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss aquilarum (Snyder, 1917) – Eagle Lake rainbow trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdnerii (Richardson, 1836) – Columbia River redband trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gilberti (Jordan, 1894) – Kern golden trout, Kern River rainbow trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus (Gibbons, 1955) – coastal rainbow trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) – Kamchatkan rainbow trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss nelsoni (Evermann, 1908) – San Pedro Martir trout, Baja California rainbow trout, Nelson's trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss stonei (Jordan, 1894) – Sacramento golden trout 
                                                 Subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss whitei (Evermann, 1906) – Little Kern golden trout 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: rainbow trout[English], truite arc-en-ciel [French]   
       
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 17-Mar-2003, website (version 13-Mar-03)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Behnke, Robert J.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title: Native Trout of Western North America   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Monograph, no. 6   
  Page(s): xx + 275   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-78-4, 0362-1715  
  Notes: Also hardback as ISBN 0-913235-79-2   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Kocik, John F., and Kevin D. Friedland / Collette, Bruce B., and Grace Klein-MacPhee, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2002   
  Article/Chapter Title: Salmons and Trouts: Family Salmonidae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Third Edition   
  Page(s): 170-181   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-951-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Murdy, Edward O., Ray S. Birdsong, and John A. Musick  
  Publication Date: 1997   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of Chesapeake Bay   
  Page(s): xi + 324   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-638-7   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Threatened Status for Two ESUs of Steelhead in Washington, Oregon, and California   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 63, no. 53   
  Page(s): 13347-13371   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2001   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determination for Klamath Mountains Province Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 66, no. 65   
  Page(s): 17845-17856   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determinations for 10 Distinct Population Segments of West Coast Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 71, no. 3   
  Page(s): 834-862   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2007   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determination for Puget Sound Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 71, no. 91   
  Page(s): 26722-26735   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2009   
  Article/Chapter Title: Listing Endangered and Threatened Species: Change in Status for the Upper Columbia River Steelhead Distinct Population Segment   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 74, no. 162   
  Page(s): 42605-42606   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): National Marine Fisheries Service  
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Species: Designation of a Nonessential Experimental Population for Middle Columbia River Steelhead above the Pelton Round Butte Hydroelectric Project in the Deschutes River Basin, OR   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 78, no. 10   
  Page(s): 2893-2907   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, rainbow trout [English], trucha arcoiris [Spanish], truite arc-en-ciel [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 12   
  Page(s): 174   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, rainbow trout [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20   
  Page(s): 183   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-70-9, 0097-0638  
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: World Fishes Important to North Americans Exclusive of Species from the Continental Waters of the United States and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 21   
  Page(s): 243   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-54-7, 0097-0638  
  Notes: 0-913124-54-7 (cloth)   
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of Several Evolutionarily Significant Units of West Coast Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 63, no. 116   
  Page(s): 32996-32998   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of Nine Evolutionarily Significant Units of Chinook Salmon, Chum Salmon, Sockeye Salmon, and Steelhead   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 64, no. 147   
  Page(s): 41835-41839   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Threatened Status for One Steelhead Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) in California   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 65, no. 174   
  Page(s): 54177-54178   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 44 Marine and Anadromous Taxa: Adding 10 Taxa, Delisting 1 Taxon, Reclassifying 1 Taxon, and Updating 32 Taxa on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 76, no. 71   
  Page(s): 20558-20567   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oncorhynchus mykiss, steelhead [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Indo-West Pacific  
    Western Atlantic Ocean  
    East Pacific  
    North America  
    Oceania  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Native & Introduced  
    Canada, Native & Introduced  
    Continental US, Native & Introduced  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: US ESA: Proposal to list as threatened withdrawn for the Oregon Coast Evolutionarily Significant Unit because threats have been reduced, as published in Federal Register Volume 63, Number 53, Pages 13347 - 13371, March 19, 1998  
    US ESA: Proposal to list as threatened withdrawn for the Klamath Mountains Province Evolutionarily Significant Unit because threats have been reduced, as published in Federal Register Volume 66, Number 65, Pages 17845 - 17856, April 04, 2001  
    US ESA: The California Central Valley distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Middle Columbia River distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Southern California distinct population segment listed Endangered, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Upper Willamette River distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Lower Columbia River distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Snake River Basin distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The South-Central California Coast distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Central California Coast distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Northern California distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 3, Pages 834 - 862, January 05, 2006  
    US ESA: The Puget Sound distinct population segment listed Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 71, Number 91, Pages 26722 - 26735, May 11, 2007  
    US ESA: The Upper Columbia River distinct population segment change in status from Endangered to Threatened, as published in Federal Register Volume 74, Number 162, Pages 42605 - 42606, August 24, 2009  
    US ESA: Nonessential experimental population for The Middle Columbia River distinct population segment in upper Deschutes River basin, Oregon, as published in Federal Register Volume 78, Number 10, Pages 2893 - 2907, January 15, 2013  
 

 

   

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