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Characidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 162848

(Download Help) Characidae TSN 162848

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Characidiidae
 
    Crenuchidae
 
    Serrasalmidae
 
    Characinae
 
    Tetragonopterinae
 
    Iguanodectinae
 
    Glandulocaudinae
 
    Serrasalminae
 
    Rhoadsiinae
 
    Crenuchinae
 
    Characidiinae
 
    Stethaprioninae
 
  Common Name(s): American characins [English]
 
    characins [English]
 
    tetras [English]
 
    carácidos [Spanish]
 
    characins [French]
 
    charicidés [French]
 
    tétras [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2003   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderOstariophysi   
                                  OrderCharaciformes  – piranhas, leporins, piranhas  
                                     FamilyCharacidae  – American characins, characins, tetras, carácidos, characins, charicidés, tétras  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Genus Acanthocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Acestrocephalus Eigenmann, 1910  
                                        Genus Acinocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 1999  
                                        Genus Acnodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                        Genus Acrobrycon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                        Genus Agoniates Müller and Troschel, 1845  
                                        Genus Ammocryptocharax Weitzman and Kanazawa, 1976  
                                        Genus Aphyocharacidium Géry, 1960  
                                        Genus Aphyocheirodon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Aphyodite Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Argopleura Eigenmann, 1913  
                                        Genus Astyanacinus Eigenmann, 1907  
                                        Genus Astyanax Baird and Girard, 1854 – astynaxes 
                                        Genus Atopomesus Myers, 1927  
                                        Genus Attonitus Vari and Ortega, 2000  
                                        Genus Aulixidens Böhlke, 1952  
                                        Genus Bario Myers, 1940  
                                        Genus Brachychalcinus Boulenger, 1892  
                                        Genus Bramocharax Gill in Gill and Bransford, 1877  
                                        Genus Brittanichthys Géry, 1965  
                                        Genus Bryconacidnus Myers in Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                        Genus Bryconamericus Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                        Genus Bryconella Géry, 1965  
                                        Genus Bryconexodon Géry, 1980  
                                        Genus Bryconops Kner, 1858  
                                        Genus Caiapobrycon Malabarba and Vari, 2000  
                                        Genus Carlana Strand, 1928  
                                        Genus Catoprion Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Ceratobranchia Eigenmann in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                        Genus Chalceus Cuvier, 1818  
                                        Genus Characidium Reinhardt, 1867  
                                        Genus Charax Scopoli, 1777  
                                        Genus Cheirodon Girard, 1855  
                                        Genus Cheirodontops Schultz, 1944  
                                        Genus Chilobrycon Géry and de Rham, 1981  
                                        Genus Chrysobrycon Weitzman and Menezes, 1998  
                                        Genus Clupeacharax Pearson, 1924  
                                        Genus Colossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                        Genus Compsura Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Coptobrycon Géry, 1966  
                                        Genus Corynopoma Gill, 1858  
                                        Genus Creagrutus Günther, 1864  
                                        Genus Crenuchus Günther, 1863  
                                        Genus Cyanocharax Malabarba and Weitzman, 2003  
                                        Genus Cynopotamus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                        Genus Deuterodon Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                        Genus Diapoma Cope, 1894  
                                        Genus Elachocharax Myers, 1927  
                                        Genus Engraulisoma Castro, 1981  
                                        Genus Galeocharax Fowler, 1910  
                                        Genus Genycharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Gephyrocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Geryichthys Zarske, 1997  
                                        Genus Glandulocauda Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Gnathocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                        Genus Grundulus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846  
                                        Genus Gymnocharacinus Steindachner, 1903  
                                        Genus Gymnocorymbus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Gymnotichthys Fernández-Yépez, 1950  
                                        Genus Hasemania Ellis, 1911  
                                        Genus Hemibrycon Günther, 1864  
                                        Genus Hemigrammus Gill, 1858  
                                        Genus Henochilus Garman, 1890  
                                        Genus Heterocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Heterocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                        Genus Hollandichthys Eigenmann, 1910  
                                        Genus Hoplocharax Géry, 1966  
                                        Genus Hyphessobrycon Durbin in Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Hypobrycon Malabarba and Malabarba, 1994  
                                        Genus Hysteronotus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Iguanodectes Cope, 1872  
                                        Genus Inpaichthys Géry and Junk, 1977  
                                        Genus Iotabrycon Roberts, 1973  
                                        Genus Jupiaba Zanata, 1997  
                                        Genus Klausewitzia Géry, 1965  
                                        Genus Knodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Kolpotocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 2000  
                                        Genus Landonia Eigenmann and Henn in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                        Genus Leptagoniates Boulenger, 1887  
                                        Genus Leptobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Leptocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                        Genus Lignobrycon Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                        Genus Lonchogenys Myers, 1927  
                                        Genus Lophiobrycon Castro, Ribeira, Benine and Melo, 2003  
                                        Genus Macropsobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Markiana Eigenmann, 1903  
                                        Genus Melanocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                        Genus Metynnis Cope, 1878  
                                        Genus Microcharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                        Genus Microgenys Eigenmann, 1913  
                                        Genus Microschemobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Mimagoniates Regan, 1907  
                                        Genus Mixobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903  
                                        Genus Monotocheirodon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                        Genus Mylesinus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                        Genus Myleus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Myloplus Gill, 1896  
                                        Genus Mylossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                        Genus Nanocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                        Genus Nematocharax Weitzman, Menezes and Britski, 1986  
                                        Genus Odontocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                        Genus Odontostilbe Cope, 1870  
                                        Genus Odontostoechus Gomes, 1947  
                                        Genus Oligobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Oligosarcus Günther, 1864  
                                        Genus Orthospinus Reis, 1989  
                                        Genus Ossubtus Jégu, 1992  
                                        Genus Othonocheirodus Myers, 1927  
                                        Genus Oxybrycon Géry, 1964  
                                        Genus Paracheirodon Géry, 1960 – neon tetras, green tetras, cardinal tetras 
                                        Genus Parapristella Géry, 1964  
                                        Genus Parastremma Eigenmann, 1912  
                                        Genus Parecbasis Eigenmann, 1914  
                                        Genus Phenacobrycon Eigenmann, 1922  
                                        Genus Phenacogaster Eigenmann, 1907  
                                        Genus Phenagoniates Eigenmann and Wilson in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                        Genus Piabarchus Myers, 1928  
                                        Genus Piabina Reinhardt, 1867  
                                        Genus Piabucus Oken, 1817  
                                        Genus Piaractus Eigenmann, 1903  
                                        Genus Planaltina Böhlke, 1954  
                                        Genus Poecilocharax Eigenmann, 1909  
                                        Genus Poptella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Priocharax Weitzman and Vari, 1987  
                                        Genus Pristella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Pristobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                        Genus Probolodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Prodontocharax Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                        Genus Psalidodon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Psellogrammus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Pseudochalceus Kner, 1863  
                                        Genus Pseudocheirodon Meek and Hildebrand, 1916  
                                        Genus Pseudocorynopoma Perugia, 1891  
                                        Genus Pterobrycon Eigenmann, 1913  
                                        Genus Ptychocharax Weitzman, Fink, Machado-Allison and Royero L., 1994  
                                        Genus Pygocentrus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Pygopristis Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Rachoviscus Myers, 1926  
                                        Genus Rhinobrycon Myers, 1944  
                                        Genus Rhinopetitia Géry, 1964  
                                        Genus Rhoadsia Fowler, 1911  
                                        Genus Roeboexodon Géry, 1959  
                                        Genus Roeboides Günther, 1864  
                                        Genus Saccoderma Schultz, 1944  
                                        Genus Salminus Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1829  
                                        Genus Schultzites Géry, 1964  
                                        Genus Scissor Günther, 1864  
                                        Genus Scopaeocharax Weitzman and Fink, 1985  
                                        Genus Serrabrycon Vari, 1986  
                                        Genus Serrapinnus Malabarba, 1998  
                                        Genus Serrasalmus Lacepčde, 1803  
                                        Genus Skiotocharax Presswell, Weitzman and Bergquist, 2000  
                                        Genus Spintherobolus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Stethaprion Cope, 1870  
                                        Genus Stichonodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                        Genus Stygichthys Brittan and Böhlke, 1965  
                                        Genus Tetragonopterus Cuvier, 1816  
                                        Genus Thrissobrycon Böhlke, 1953  
                                        Genus Tometes Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                        Genus Tucanoichthys Géry and Römer, 1997  
                                        Genus Tyttobrycon Géry, 1973  
                                        Genus Tyttocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                        Genus Utiaritichthys Miranda Ribeiro, 1937  
                                        Genus Xenurobrycon Myers and Miranda Ribeiro, 1945  
       
                                      FamilyCharacidae  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                                        Species Cheirodon jaguaribensis Fowler, 1941  
                                        Species Cheirodon ortegai Vari and Géry, 1980  
                                        Species Cheirodon pulcher (Gill, 1858)  
                                        Species Deuterodon potaroensis Eigenmann, 1909  
                                        Genus Aphyocharax Günther, 1868  
                                        Genus Axelrodia Géry, 1965  
                                        Genus Boehlkea Géry, 1966  
                                        Genus Brycon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Carlastyanax Géry, 1972  
                                        Genus Ctenobrycon Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Exodon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                        Genus Nematobrycon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                        Genus Paragoniates Steindachner, 1876  
                                        Genus Petitella Géry and Boutičre, 1964  
                                        Genus Prionobrama Fowler, 1913  
                                        Genus Thayeria Eigenmann, 1908  
                                        Genus Triportheus Cope, 1872  
                                        Genus Xenagoniates Myers, 1942  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Characidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: charicidés[French], tétras [French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: The second edition of the Vertebrate Checklist is in press as of 2/1998.   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: carácidos[Spanish], characins [English], characins [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Riehl, R., and H. A. Baensch  
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Aquarium Atlas   
  Page(s): 992   
  Publisher: Hans A. Baensch   
  Publication Place: Melle, Germany   
  ISBN/ISSN: 3-88244-050-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, American characins [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, characins [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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