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Cyprinidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 163342

(Download Help) Cyprinidae TSN 163342

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Rasbora urophthalma Ahl, 1922
 
  Common Name(s): carps [English]
 
    minnows [English]
 
    carpas y carpitas [Spanish]
 
    carpes et ménés [French]
 
    carps and minnows [English]
 
    carpes [French]
 
    ménés [French]
 
    carpitas [Spanish]
 
    carpas [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2005   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderOstariophysi   
                                  OrderCypriniformes  – cyprins, meuniers, minnows, suckers  
                                     SuperfamilyCyprinoidea   
                                        FamilyCyprinidae  – carps, minnows, carpas y carpitas, carpes et ménés, carps and minnows, carpes, ménés, carpitas, carpas  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Genus Aaptosyax Rainboth, 1991  
                                           Genus Abbottina Jordan and Fowler, 1903  
                                           Genus Abramis Cuvier, 1816  
                                           Genus Acanthalburnus Berg, 1916  
                                           Genus Acanthobrama Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Acanthogobio Herzenstein, 1892  
                                           Genus Acanthorhodeus Bleeker, 1871  
                                           Genus Acapoeta Cockerell, 1910  
                                           Genus Acheilognathus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Achondrostoma Robalo, Almada, Levy and Doadrio, 2007  
                                           Genus Acrocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – chiselmouths 
                                           Genus Acrossocheilus Oshima, 1919  
                                           Genus Agosia Girard, 1856 – longfin daces 
                                           Genus Albulichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Alburnoides Jeitteles, 1861  
                                           Genus Alburnus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                           Genus Algansea Girard, 1856  
                                           Genus Amblypharyngodon Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Amblyrhynchichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Anabarilius Cockerell, 1923  
                                           Genus Anaecypris Collares-Pereira, 1983  
                                           Genus Ancherythroculter Yih and Wu, 1964  
                                           Genus Aphyocypris Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Aspidoparia Heckel, 1847  
                                           Genus Aspiolucius Berg, 1907  
                                           Genus Aspiorhynchus Kessler, 1879  
                                           Genus Aspius Agassiz, 1832  
                                           Genus Atrilinea Chu, 1935  
                                           Genus Aulopyge Heckel, 1841  
                                           Genus Aztecula Jordan and Evermann, 1898  
                                           Genus Balantiocheilos Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Bangana Hamilton, 1822  
                                           Genus Barbichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Barbodes Bleeker, 1859  
                                           Genus Barboides Brüning, 1929  
                                           Genus Barbonymus Kottelat, 1999  
                                           Genus Barbopsis Di Caporiacco, 1926  
                                           Genus Barbus Cuvier and Cloquet, 1816  
                                           Genus Barilius Hamilton, 1822  
                                           Genus Belligobio Jordan and Hubbs, 1925  
                                           Genus Bengala Gray, 1833  
                                           Genus Biwia Jordan and Fowler, 1903  
                                           Genus Blicca Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Boraras Kottelat and Vidthayanon, 1993  
                                           Genus Caecobarbus Boulenger, 1921  
                                           Genus Caecocypris Banister and Bunni, 1980  
                                           Genus Campostoma Agassiz, 1855 – stonerollers 
                                           Genus Candidia Jordan and Richardson, 1909  
                                           Genus Capoeta Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1842  
                                           Genus Capoetobrama Berg, 1916  
                                           Genus Carasobarbus Karaman, 1971  
                                           Genus Carassioides Oshima, 1926  
                                           Genus Carassius Nilsson, 1832 – Crucian carps 
                                           Genus Catlocarpio Boulenger, 1898  
                                           Genus Chagunius Smith, 1938  
                                           Genus Chalcalburnus Berg, 1933  
                                           Genus Chanodichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Chela Hamilton, 1822  
                                           Genus Chelaethiops Boulenger, 1899  
                                           Genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832  
                                           Genus Chrosomus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                           Genus Chuanchia Herzenstein, 1891  
                                           Genus Cirrhinus Oken, 1817  
                                           Genus Clinostomus Girard, 1856 – redside daces 
                                           Genus Coptostomabarbus David and Poll, 1937  
                                           Genus Coreius Jordan and Starks, 1905  
                                           Genus Coreoleuciscus Mori, 1935  
                                           Genus Cosmochilus Sauvage, 1878  
                                           Genus Couesius Jordan, 1878 – lake chubs 
                                           Genus Crossocheilus Kuhl and van Hasselt in van Hasselt, 1823  
                                           Genus Ctenopharyngodon Steindachner, 1866 – grass carps 
                                           Genus Culter Basilewsky, 1855  
                                           Genus Cultrichthys Smith, 1938  
                                           Genus Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker, 1859  
                                           Genus Cyprinella Girard, 1856 – satinfin shiners 
                                           Genus Cyprinion Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Cyprinus Linnaeus, 1758 – common carps 
                                           Genus Danio Hamilton, 1822  
                                           Genus Danionella Roberts, 1986  
                                           Genus Devario Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Dionda Girard, 1856 – desert minnows 
                                           Genus Diptychus Steindachner, 1866  
                                           Genus Discherodontus Rainboth, 1989  
                                           Genus Discocheilus Zhang, 1997  
                                           Genus Discogobio Lin, 1931  
                                           Genus Discolabeo Fowler, 1937  
                                           Genus Distoechodon Peters, 1881  
                                           Genus Eirmotus Schultz, 1959  
                                           Genus Elopichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Engraulicypris Günther, 1894  
                                           Genus Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker, 1855  
                                           Genus Eremichthys Hubbs and Miller, 1948 – desert daces 
                                           Genus Erimonax Jordan, 1924  
                                           Genus Erimystax Jordan, 1882 – slender chubs 
                                           Genus Esomus Swainson, 1839  
                                           Genus Evarra Woolman, 1894  
                                           Genus Exoglossum Rafinesque, 1818 – cutlips minnows 
                                           Genus Garra Hamilton, 1822  
                                           Genus Gibelion Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Gila Baird and Girard, 1853 – western chubs 
                                           Genus Gnathopogon Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Gobio Cuvier, 1816  
                                           Genus Gobiobotia Kreyenberg, 1911  
                                           Genus Gobiocypris Ye and Fu, 1983  
                                           Genus Gymnocypris Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Gymnodanio Chen and He, 1992  
                                           Genus Gymnodiptychus Herzenstein, 1892  
                                           Genus Gymnostomus Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Hainania Koller, 1927  
                                           Genus Hampala Kuhl and van Hasselt in van Hasselt, 1823  
                                           Genus Hemibarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Hemiculter Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Hemiculterella Warpachowski, 1887  
                                           Genus Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin, 1927  
                                           Genus Hemigrammocypris Fowler, 1910  
                                           Genus Hemitremia Cope, 1870 – flame chub 
                                           Genus Henicorhynchus Smith, 1945  
                                           Genus Herzensteinia Chu, 1935  
                                           Genus Hesperoleucus Snyder, 1913 – California roaches 
                                           Genus Horadandia Deraniyagala, 1943  
                                           Genus Horalabiosa Silas, 1954  
                                           Genus Huigobio Fang, 1938  
                                           Genus Hybognathus Agassiz, 1855 – silvery minnows 
                                           Genus Hybopsis Agassiz, 1854 – bigeye chubs 
                                           Genus Hypophthalmichthys Bleeker, 1860 – bighead carps 
                                           Genus Hypselobarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Hypsibarbus Rainboth, 1996  
                                           Genus Iberocypris Doadrio, 1980  
                                           Genus Inlecypris Howes, 1980  
                                           Genus Iotichthys Jordan and Evermann, 1896 – least chubs 
                                           Genus Iranocypris Bruun and Kaiser, 1944  
                                           Genus Ischikauia Jordan and Snyder, 1900  
                                           Genus Kalimantania Banarescu, 1980  
                                           Genus Kosswigobarbus Karaman, 1971  
                                           Genus Labeo Cuvier, 1816  
                                           Genus Labeobarbus Rüppell, 1835  
                                           Genus Labiobarbus van Hasselt, 1823  
                                           Genus Ladigesocypris Karaman, 1972  
                                           Genus Ladislavia Dybowski, 1869  
                                           Genus Lagowskiella Dybowski, 1916  
                                           Genus Laocypris Kottelat, 2000  
                                           Genus Lavinia Girard, 1854 – hitches 
                                           Genus Lepidomeda Cope, 1874 – spinedaces 
                                           Genus Lepidopygopsis Raj, 1941  
                                           Genus Leptobarbus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Leptocypris Boulenger, 1900  
                                           Genus Leucalburnus Berg, 1916  
                                           Genus Leucaspius Heckel and Kner, 1858  
                                           Genus Leuciscus Cuvier, 1816 – European daces 
                                           Genus Linichthys Zhang and Fang, 2005  
                                           Genus Lissochilus Weber and de Beaufort, 1916  
                                           Genus Lobocheilos Bleeker, 1853  
                                           Genus Longiculter Fowler, 1937  
                                           Genus Luciobrama Bleeker, 1870  
                                           Genus Luciocyprinus Vaillant, 1904  
                                           Genus Luciosoma Bleeker, 1855  
                                           Genus Luxilus Rafinesque, 1820 – highscale shiners 
                                           Genus Lythrurus Jordan, 1876 – finescale shiners 
                                           Genus Macrhybopsis Cockerell and Allison, 1909 – blacktail chubs 
                                           Genus Macrochirichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Margariscus Cockerell, 1909 – pearl daces 
                                           Genus Meda Girard, 1856 – spikedaces 
                                           Genus Megalobrama Dybowski, 1872  
                                           Genus Mekongina Fowler, 1937  
                                           Genus Mesobola Howes, 1984  
                                           Genus Mesogobio Banarescu and Nalbant, 1973  
                                           Genus Mesopotamichthys Karaman, 1971  
                                           Genus Metzia Jordan and Thompson, 1914  
                                           Genus Microphysogobio Mori, 1934  
                                           Genus Microrasbora Annandale, 1918  
                                           Genus Moapa Hubbs and Miller, 1948 – Moapa daces 
                                           Genus Mylocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – peamouths 
                                           Genus Mylopharodon Ayres, 1855 – hardheads 
                                           Genus Mylopharyngodon Peters, 1881  
                                           Genus Mystacoleucus Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Naziritor Mirza and Javed, 1985  
                                           Genus Nematabramis Boulenger, 1894  
                                           Genus Neobarynotus Banarescu, 1980  
                                           Genus Neobola Vinciguerra, 1895  
                                           Genus Neolissochilus Rainboth, 1985  
                                           Genus Nicholsicypris Chu, 1935  
                                           Genus Nocomis Girard, 1856 – hornyhead chubs 
                                           Genus Notemigonus Rafinesque, 1819 – golden shiners 
                                           Genus Notropis Rafinesque, 1818 – eastern shiners 
                                           Genus Ochetobius Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Onychostoma Günther, 1896  
                                           Genus Opsaridium Peters, 1854  
                                           Genus Opsariichthys Bleeker, 1863  
                                           Genus Opsarius McClelland, 1839  
                                           Genus Opsopoeodus Hay, 1881 – pugnose minnows 
                                           Genus Oregonichthys Hubbs in Schultz, 1929 – Oregon chubs 
                                           Genus Oreichthys Smith, 1933  
                                           Genus Oreoleuciscus Warpachowski, 1889  
                                           Genus Orthodon Girard, 1856 – Sacramento blackfishes 
                                           Genus Osteobrama Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Osteochilichthys Hora, 1942  
                                           Genus Osteochilus Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Oxygaster van Hasselt, 1823  
                                           Genus Oxygymnocypris Tsao, 1964  
                                           Genus Pachychilon Steindachner, 1882  
                                           Genus Parabramis Bleeker, 1865  
                                           Genus Paracanthobrama Bleeker, 1865  
                                           Genus Parachela Steindachner, 1881  
                                           Genus Paracrossochilus Popta, 1904  
                                           Genus Paralaubuca Bleeker, 1865  
                                           Genus Paraleucogobio Berg, 1907  
                                           Genus Parapsilorhynchus Hora, 1921  
                                           Genus Pararhinichthys Stauffer, Hocutt and Mayden, 1997 – mongrel daces 
                                           Genus Parasikukia Doi, 2000  
                                           Genus Parasinilabeo Wu, 1939  
                                           Genus Paraspinibarbus Chu and Kottelat, 1989  
                                           Genus Parasqualidus Doi, 2000  
                                           Genus Parazacco Chen, 1982  
                                           Genus Pectenocypris Kottelat, 1982  
                                           Genus Pelecus Agassiz, 1835  
                                           Genus Percocypris Chu, 1935  
                                           Genus Petroleuciscus Bogutskaya, 2002  
                                           Genus Phenacobius Cope, 1867 – suckermouth minnows 
                                           Genus Phoxinellus Heckel, 1843  
                                           Genus Phoxinus Rafinesque, 1820 – redbelly daces 
                                           Genus Phreatichthys Vinciguerra, 1924  
                                           Genus Pimephales Rafinesque, 1820 – bluntnose minnows 
                                           Genus Placocheilus Wu in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen and He, 1977  
                                           Genus Plagiognathops Berg, 1907  
                                           Genus Plagopterus Cope, 1874 – woundfins 
                                           Genus Platygobio Gill, 1863 – flathead chubs 
                                           Genus Platypharodon Herzenstein, 1891  
                                           Genus Platysmacheilus Lu, Luo and Chen, 1977  
                                           Genus Pogobrama Luo, 1995  
                                           Genus Pogonichthys Girard, 1854 – splittails 
                                           Genus Poropuntius Smith, 1931  
                                           Genus Probarbus Sauvage, 1880  
                                           Genus Procypris Lin, 1933  
                                           Genus Prolabeo Norman, 1932  
                                           Genus Prolabeops Schultz, 1941  
                                           Genus Pseudaspius Dybowski, 1869  
                                           Genus Pseudobarbus Smith, 1841  
                                           Genus Pseudobrama Bleeker, 1870  
                                           Genus Pseudogobio Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Pseudohemiculter Nichols and Pope, 1927  
                                           Genus Pseudolaubuca Bleeker, 1865  
                                           Genus Pseudophoxinus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Pseudopungtungia Mori, 1935  
                                           Genus Pseudorasbora Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Pteronotropis Fowler, 1935 – flagfin shiners 
                                           Genus Ptychidio Myers, 1930  
                                           Genus Ptychobarbus Steindachner, 1866  
                                           Genus Ptychocheilus Agassiz, 1855 – pikeminnows 
                                           Genus Pungtungia Herzenstein, 1892  
                                           Genus Puntioplites Smith, 1929  
                                           Genus Puntius Hamilton, 1822 – spotted barbs 
                                           Genus Qianlabeo Zhang and Chen, 2004  
                                           Genus Raiamas Jordan, 1919  
                                           Genus Rasbora Bleeker, 1859  
                                           Genus Rasborichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Rasborinus Oshima, 1920  
                                           Genus Rastrineobola Fowler, 1936  
                                           Genus Rectoris Lin, 1935  
                                           Genus Relictus Hubbs and Miller, 1972 – relict daces 
                                           Genus Rhinichthys Agassiz, 1849 – riffle daces 
                                           Genus Rhinogobio Bleeker, 1870  
                                           Genus Rhodeus Agassiz, 1832 – bitterling 
                                           Genus Richardsonius Girard, 1856 – redside shiners 
                                           Genus Rohtee Sykes, 1839  
                                           Genus Rohteichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Romanogobio Banarescu, 1961  
                                           Genus Rostrogobio Taranetz, 1937  
                                           Genus Rutilus Rafinesque, 1820  
                                           Genus Salmostoma Swainson, 1839  
                                           Genus Sanagia Holly, 1926  
                                           Genus Sarcocheilichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Saurogobio Bleeker, 1870  
                                           Genus Sawbwa Annandale, 1918  
                                           Genus Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra, 1890  
                                           Genus Scaphognathops Smith, 1945  
                                           Genus Scardinius Bonaparte, 1837 – rudds 
                                           Genus Schismatorhynchos Bleeker, 1855  
                                           Genus Schizocypris Regan, 1914  
                                           Genus Schizopyge Heckel, 1847  
                                           Genus Schizopygopsis Steindachner, 1866  
                                           Genus Schizothorax Heckel, 1838  
                                           Genus Securicula Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Semilabeo Peters, 1881  
                                           Genus Semiplotus Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Semotilus Rafinesque, 1820 – creek chubs 
                                           Genus Sikukia Smith, 1931  
                                           Genus Sinibrama Wu, 1939  
                                           Genus Sinilabeo Rendahl, 1932  
                                           Genus Sinocrossocheilus Wu in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen and He, 1977  
                                           Genus Sinocyclocheilus Fang, 1936  
                                           Genus Siphateles Cope, 1883 – tui chubs 
                                           Genus Spinibarbus Oshima, 1919  
                                           Genus Squalidus Dybowski, 1872  
                                           Genus Squaliobarbus Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Stypodon Garman, 1881  
                                           Genus Sundadanio Kottelat and Witte, 1999  
                                           Genus Tanakia Jordan and Thompson, 1914  
                                           Genus Tanichthys Lin, 1932  
                                           Genus Telestes Bonaparte, 1837  
                                           Genus Thryssocypris Roberts and Kottelat, 1984  
                                           Genus Thynnichthys Bleeker, 1860  
                                           Genus Tinca Cuvier, 1816 – tenches 
                                           Genus Tor Gray, 1834  
                                           Genus Toxabramis Günther, 1873  
                                           Genus Tribolodon Sauvage, 1883  
                                           Genus Trigonostigma Kottelat and Witte, 1999  
                                           Genus Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat and Bréhier, 1999  
                                           Genus Tropidophoxinellus Stephanidis, 1974  
                                           Genus Typhlobarbus Chu and Chen, 1982  
                                           Genus Typhlogarra Trewavas, 1955  
                                           Genus Varicorhinus Rüppell, 1835  
                                           Genus Vimba Fitzinger, 1873  
                                           Genus Xenobarbus Norman, 1923  
                                           Genus Xenocyprioides Chen, 1982  
                                           Genus Xenocypris Günther, 1868  
                                           Genus Xenophysogobio Chen and Cao, 1977  
                                           Genus Yaoshanicus Lin, 1931  
                                           Genus Yuriria Jordan and Evermann, 1896  
                                           Genus Zacco Jordan and Evermann, 1902  
       
                                         FamilyCyprinidae  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                                           Species Alburnus harusini Herzenstein, 1889  
                                           Species Alburnus nordmannii Dybowski, 1862  
                                           Species Alburnus oleiferus Dabry de Thiersant, 1872  
                                           Species Alburnus vignoni Lortet, 1883  
                                           Species Aspius alburnus Bonaparte, 1841  
                                           Species Barbodes baoulan Herre, 1926  
                                           Species Barbodes clemensi Herre, 1924  
                                           Species Barbodes palata Herre, 1924  
                                           Species Barbodes tras Herre, 1926  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: carpes[French], ménés [French]   
       
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 08-Apr-2005, website (version 05-Apr-05)  
  Acquired: 2005   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carpas y carpitas [Spanish], carpes [French], carpes et ménés [French], carps and minnows [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 12   
  Page(s): 174   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20   
  Page(s): 183   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-70-9, 0097-0638  
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: World Fishes Important to North Americans Exclusive of Species from the Continental Waters of the United States and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 21   
  Page(s): 243   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-913235-54-7, 0097-0638  
  Notes: 0-913124-54-7 (cloth)   
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cyprinidae, carps [English]   
       

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