the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Hippocampus  Rafinesque, 1810
Taxonomic Serial No.: 166487

(Download Help) Hippocampus TSN 166487

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Hippocampus ramulosus Leach in Leach and Nodder, 1814
 
  Common Name(s): seahorses [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                                  OrderGasterosteiformes  – pipefishes, sticklebacks  
                                     SuborderSyngnathoidei  – pipefishes, seahorses, hippocampes  
                                        FamilySyngnathidae  – pipefishes, seahorses, hippocampes, peces pipa y caballitos de mar  
                                           SubfamilyHippocampinae   
                                              GenusHippocampus Rafinesque, 1810 – seahorses  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Species Hippocampus abdominalis Lesson, 1827 – large seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus alatus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus algiricus Kaup, 1856  
                                                 Species Hippocampus angustus Günther, 1870  
                                                 Species Hippocampus arnei (Roule, 1916)  
                                                 Species Hippocampus barbouri Jordan and Richardson, 1908  
                                                 Species Hippocampus bargibanti Whitley, 1970  
                                                 Species Hippocampus bicuspis Kaup, 1856  
                                                 Species Hippocampus biocellatus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus bleekeri Fowler, 1907  
                                                 Species Hippocampus borboniensis Duméril, 1870  
                                                 Species Hippocampus breviceps Peters, 1869  
                                                 Species Hippocampus camelopardalis Bianconi, 1854 – giraffe seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus capensis Boulenger, 1900 – Knysna seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855  
                                                 Species Hippocampus colemani Kuiter, 2003  
                                                 Species Hippocampus comes Cantor, 1849  
                                                 Species Hippocampus coronatus Temminck and Schlegel, 1850 – common japanese seahorse, horned seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus curvicuspis Fricke, 2004  
                                                 Species Hippocampus dahli Ogilby, 1908  
                                                 Species Hippocampus debelius Gomon and Kuiter, 2009  
                                                 Species Hippocampus denise Lourie and Randall, 2003  
                                                 Species Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810 – lined seahorse, spotted seahorse, caballito erecto, caballito estriado 
                                                 Species Hippocampus europaeus Ginsburg, 1933  
                                                 Species Hippocampus fisheri Jordan and Evermann, 1903  
                                                 Species Hippocampus fuscus Rüppell, 1838  
                                                 Species Hippocampus grandiceps Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus guttulatus Cuvier, 1829  
                                                 Species Hippocampus hendriki Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus hilonis Jordan & Evermann, 1903  
                                                 Species Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758) – seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus histrix Kaup, 1856 – thorny seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus ingens Girard, 1858 – Pacific giant seahorse, Pacific seahorse, caballito del Pacífico 
                                                 Species Hippocampus japonicus Kaup, 1856 – coral seahorse, japan seahorse, coral seahorse, Japan seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus jayakari Boulenger, 1900  
                                                 Species Hippocampus jugumus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus kampylotrachelos Bleeker, 1854  
                                                 Species Hippocampus kelloggi Jordan and Snyder, 1901  
                                                 Species Hippocampus kuda Bleeker, 1852 – spotted seahorse, yellow seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus lichtensteinii Kaup, 1856  
                                                 Species Hippocampus manadensis Bleeker, 1856  
                                                 Species Hippocampus minotaur Gomon, 1997  
                                                 Species Hippocampus mohnikei Bleeker, 1853  
                                                 Species Hippocampus moluccensis Bleeker, 1852  
                                                 Species Hippocampus montebelloensis Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus multispinus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus natalensis von Bonde, 1923  
                                                 Species Hippocampus paradoxus Foster & Gomon, 2010  
                                                 Species Hippocampus patagonicus Piacentino and Luzzatto, 2004  
                                                 Species Hippocampus planifrons Peters, 1877 – lowcrowned seahorse, lowcrowned seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus polytaenia Bleeker, 1854  
                                                 Species Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter, 2008  
                                                 Species Hippocampus procerus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus pusillus Fricke, 2004  
                                                 Species Hippocampus queenslandicus Horne, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 – longsnout seahorse, caballito narizon, caballito hocico largo 
                                                 Species Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008  
                                                 Species Hippocampus semispinosus Kuiter, 2001  
                                                 Species Hippocampus sindonis Jordan and Snyder, 1901  
                                                 Species Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber, 1913 – spiny seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus subelongatus Castelnau, 1873  
                                                 Species Hippocampus suezensis Duncker, 1940  
                                                 Species Hippocampus taeniopterus Bleeker, 1852  
                                                 Species Hippocampus trimaculatus Leach in Leach and Nodder, 1814 – longnose seahorse 
                                                 Species Hippocampus tristis Castelnau, 1872  
                                                 Species Hippocampus tuberculatus Castelnau, 1875  
                                                 Species Hippocampus tyro Randall & Lourie, 2009  
                                                 Species Hippocampus villosus Günther, 1880  
                                                 Species Hippocampus waleananus Gomon and Kuiter, 2009  
                                                 Species Hippocampus whitei Bleeker, 1855  
                                                 Species Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964  
                                                 Species Hippocampus zosterae Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 – dwarf seahorse, little seahorse, pygmy seahorse, caballito oliváceo, caballito enano 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25622932   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lourie, Sara A., Amanda C. J. Vincent, and Heather J. Hall  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Seahorses. An identification guide to the world's species and their conservation   
  Page(s): x + 214   
  Publisher: Project Seahorse   
  Publication Place: London, United kingdom   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9534693-0-1   
  Notes: Updates and additional information avalable online at the Project Seahorse website http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lourie, Sara A., Sarah J. Foster, Ernest W. T. Cooper, and Amanda C. J. Vincent  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses   
  Page(s): ii + 114   
  Publisher: Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America   
  Publication Place: Washington DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-89164-169-6   
  Notes: Available online at http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/why-seahorses/species   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: CITES: Appendix II adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

Additional off-site resources may be available for this taxon. ITIS will build search links for all of the following that return results:

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal
  • BioOne Journals
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez Life Sciences Search
  • Google Images
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora Search
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Search
  • Threatened and Endangered Species (TESS) Search
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Search
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Search
  • USDA PLANTS Database Search
  • NatureServe Explorer Search

Please be patient. The time it takes to return results depends on the speed of the individual sites and may take several minutes.


 
 
   

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    


Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar