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Anura 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173423

(Download Help) Anura TSN 173423

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Order  
  Synonym(s): Rana cordofana (Steindachner, 1867)
 
  Common Name(s): Frogs [English]
 
    perereca [Portuguese]
 
    rã [Portuguese]
 
    sapo [Portuguese]
 
    crapauds [French]
 
    grenouilles [French]
 
    Toads [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderAnura  – Frogs, perereca, rã, sapo, crapauds, grenouilles, Toads  
    Direct Children:  
                            Family Alytidae Fitzinger, 1843  
                            Family Aromobatidae Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel and Wheeler, 2006  
                            Family Arthroleptidae Mivart, 1869  
                            Family Bombinatoridae Gray, 1825  
                            Family Brachycephalidae Günther, 1858 – Shield Toads 
                            Family Brevicipitidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 – Bufonids, bufonidés, crapauds, Toads 
                            Family Calyptocephalellidae Reig, 1960  
                            Family Centrolenidae Taylor, 1951 – Glass Frogs, Leaf Frogs 
                            Family Ceratobatrachidae Boulenger, 1884  
                            Family Ceratophryidae Tschudi, 1838  
                            Family Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
                            Family Cycloramphidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Dendrobatidae Cope, 1865 – Dendrobatids, Poison Frogs, Poison-dart Frogs, Dart-poison Frogs, Dendrobatid Frogs 
                            Family Dicroglossidae Anderson, 1871  
                            Family Eleutherodactylidae Lutz, 1954  
                            Family Heleophrynidae Noble, 1931 – Ghost Frogs 
                            Family Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862  
                            Family Hemisotidae Cope, 1867  
                            Family Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 – Hylids, New World Tree Frogs, Treefrogs, hylidés, hylidés arboricoles, Hylid Frogs 
                            Family Hylodidae Günther, 1858  
                            Family Hyperoliidae Laurent, 1943 – African Reed Frogs 
                            Family Leiopelmatidae Mivart, 1869 – Leiopelmatids, Ribbed Frogs, Tailed Frogs 
                            Family Leiuperidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Leptodactylidae Werner, 1896 – Leptodactylids, Neotropical Frogs, grenouilles néotropicales, Leptodactylid Frogs 
                            Family Limnodynastidae Lynch, 1969  
                            Family Mantellidae Laurent, 1946  
                            Family Megophryidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Micrixalidae Dubois, Ohler and Biju, 2001  
                            Family Microhylidae Günther, 1858 – Microhylids, Microhylid Frogs 
                            Family Myobatrachidae Schlegel in Gray, 1850 – Australian Frogs 
                            Family Nasikabatrachidae Biju and Bossuyt, 2003  
                            Family Nyctibatrachidae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993  
                            Family Pelobatidae Bonaparte, 1850 – Archaic Frogs, Pelobatids, Spadefoots 
                            Family Pelodytidae Bonaparte, 1850 – European Spadefoot Toads 
                            Family Petropedetidae Noble, 1931  
                            Family Phrynobatrachidae Laurent, 1941  
                            Family Pipidae Gray, 1825 – Tongueless Frogs 
                            Family Ptychadenidae Dubois, 1987  
                            Family Pyxicephalidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Ranidae Rafinesque, 1814 – Ranids, Riparian Frogs, Ranid Frogs, True Frogs 
                            Family Ranixalidae Dubois, 1987  
                            Family Rhacophoridae Hoffman, 1932 – Old World Tree Frogs 
                            Family Rhinophrynidae Günther, 1859 – Burrowing Toads 
                            Family Scaphiopodidae Cope, 1865  
                            Family Sooglossidae Noble, 1931 – Seychelle Frogs 
                            Family Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
       
                          OrderAnura  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                            Species Phrynocerus testudiniceps Cope, 1862  
                            Species Zachaenus roseus Cope, 1890  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Anura    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: crapauds[French], grenouilles [French]   
       
  Source: CRIA-Brazil, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: perereca[Portuguese], rã [Portuguese], sapo [Portuguese]   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference, website (version 2.20)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2000. Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference. V2.20 (1 September 2000) (http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html)   
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3, database (version 5.3)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2009. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3 (12 February, 2009). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/ American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Source: ITIS & Species 2000 Catalogue of Life Management Hierarchy, document (version Animalia)  
  Acquired: 2013   
  Notes: M. Ruggiero & D. Gordon, eds. 2013. Consensus Management Hierarchy for the ITIS & Species2000 Catalogue of Life. Contributors: Nicolas Bailly, Thierry Bourgoin, Richard Brusca, Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Daphne Fautin, Dennis Gordon, Gerald Guala, Michael Guiry, Paul Kirk, Elliot Lefkowitz, David Mabberly, David Maddison, Alan Paton, Michael Ruggiero, Peter Stevens, and Brian Tyndall   
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Anura, Frogs [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Anura   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Anura   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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 other off-site resources
       
 

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