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Sciurus carolinensis  Gmelin, 1788
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180175

(Download Help) Sciurus carolinensis TSN 180175

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): gray squirrel [English]
 
    écureuil gris [French]
 
    Eastern Gray Squirrel [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderSciuromorpha Brandt, 1855 – squirrels  
                                     FamilySciuridae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – squirrels, marmots, chipmunks  
                                        SubfamilySciurinae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817  
                                           TribeSciurini Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – Holarctic tree squirrels  
                                              GenusSciurus Linnaeus, 1758 – tree squirrels  
                                                 SubgenusSciurus (Sciurus) Linnaeus, 1758  
                                                    SpeciesSciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788 – gray squirrel, écureuil gris, Eastern Gray Squirrel  
    Direct Children:  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus carolinensis carolinensis Gmelin, 1788  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus carolinensis extimus Bangs, 1896  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus carolinensis fuliginosus Bachman, 1839  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus carolinensis hypophaeus Merriam, 1886  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus carolinensis pennsylvanicus Ord, 1815  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis    
       
  Expert: Richard W. Thorington, Jr.  
  Notes: Curator of Mammals, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, MRC 108, PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA   
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: écureuil gris[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Family Sciuridae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 754-818   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis, Eastern Gray Squirrel [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Squirrels of the World   
  Page(s): vii + 459   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-4214-0469-9   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis, Eastern Gray Squirrel [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Sciurus carolinensis, Eastern Gray Squirrel [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Africa  
    Australia  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Comments: Subgenus Sciurus (Hall, 1981:417). Reviewed by Koprowski (1994b, Mammalian Species No. 480)  
    Introduced into Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Italy, Australia, South Africa, and various localities in W North America  
 

 

   

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