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Rattus rattus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180362

(Download Help) Rattus rattus TSN 180362

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Mus alexandrinorattus Fatio, 1902
 
    Mus alexandrinus É. Geoffroy, 1803
 
    Mus alexandrinus Desmarest, 1819
 
    Mus arboreus Horsfield, 1851
 
    Hapalotis arboricola Gould, 1863
 
    Mus asiaticus Gray, 1837
 
    Mus atratus Miller, 1902
 
    Mus atridorsum Miller, 1903
 
    Mus ceylonus Kelaart, 1850
 
    Epimys chionogaster Lönnberg, 1916
 
    Mus crassipes Blyth, 1859
 
    Rattus domesticus Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Mus erythronotus Temminck, 1845
 
    Mus flavescens Elliot, 1839
 
    Mus flaviventris Brants, 1827
 
    Musculus frugivorus Rafinesque, 1814
 
    Mus galapagoensis Waterhouse, 1839
 
    Mus griseocaeruleus Higgins and Petterd, 1883
 
    Mus infralineatus Blyth, 1863
 
    Mus insularis Waterhouse, 1839
 
    Mus jujensis Lönnberg, 1916
 
    Mus kandianus Kelaart, 1850
 
    Mus kandiyanus Kelaart, 1887
 
    Epimys kelaarti Wroughton, 1915
 
    Mus kijabius J. A. Allen, 1909
 
    Mus latipes Bennett, 1835
 
    Mus leucogaster Pictet, 1841
 
    Mus muansae Matschie, 1911
 
    Mus nemoralis Selys-Longchamps, 1841
 
    Mus novaezelandiae Buller, 1871
 
    Mus picteti Schinz, 1845
 
    Mus rufescens Gray, 1837
 
    Mus samharensis Heuglin, 1877
 
    Myoxus siculae Lesson, 1827
 
    Mus subcaeruleus Lesson, 1842
 
    Mus sylvestris Pictet, 1841
 
    Mus tectorum Savi, 1825
 
    Mus tetragonurus Kelaart, 1850
 
    Mus tompsoni Ramsay, 1881
 
    Mus variabilis Higgins and Petterd, 1883
 
    Rattus domesticus albus Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Rattus domesticus ater Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Mus rattus ater Millais, 1905
 
    Mus rattus brookei Crew, 1923
 
    Rattus rattus chionogaster Cabrera, 1921
 
    Mus tectorum fuliginosus Bonaparte, 1833
 
    Rattus domesticus fulvaster Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Rattus domesticus fuscus Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Rattus rattus girensis Hinton, 1918
 
    Mus rattus intermedius Ninni, 1882
 
    Mus rattus jurassicus Burg, 1921
 
    Rattus norvegicus longicaudus Mori, 1937
 
    Rattus rattus narbadae Hinton, 1918
 
    Rattus rattus nericola Cabrera, 1921
 
    Rattus rattus ruthenus Ognev and Stroganov, 1936
 
    Rattus rattus sueirensis Cabrera, 1921
 
    Rattus domesticus varius Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Rattus rattus wroughtoni Hinton, 1919
 
  Common Name(s): rat noir [French]
 
    House Rat [English]
 
    Black Rat [English]
 
    Roof Rat [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifčres, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyMuridae Illiger, 1811 – campagnols, rats, souris, mice, rats, voles  
                                           SubfamilyMurinae Illiger, 1811 – Old World rats, Old World mice  
                                              GenusRattus Fischer, 1803 – Old World Rats  
                                                 SpeciesRattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) – rat noir, House Rat, Black Rat, Roof Rat  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
       
  Expert: Guy G. Musser  
  Notes: Department of Mammology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
       
  Expert: Michael D. Carleton  
  Notes: Department of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: rat noir[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott  
  Publication Date: 1966   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946, 2nd edition   
  Page(s): 810   
  Publisher: Alden Press   
  Publication Place: Oxford, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0565004484   
  Notes: Available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8727652   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, Black Rat [English], House Rat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, Roof Rat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Watts, Christopher H. S., and H. J. Aslin  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Rodents of Australia   
  Page(s): ix + 321   
  Publisher: Angus & Robertson Publishers   
  Publication Place: Australia   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-207-14235-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, House Rat [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Southern Asia  
    North America  
    Africa  
    Australia  
    Caribbean  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    Oceania  
    South America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Caribbean Territories, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Rattus rattus species group. Numerous cytogenetic studies focusing on the R. rattus complex, as summarized by Baverstock et al. (1983c), Bekasova and Mezhova (1983), Niethammer (1975), and Yosida (1980), have revealed two basic groups of populations. The Oceanian or European type has 2n = 38 (40 in some), the Asian type is characterized by 2n = 42; the two are also distinguished by biochemical features (Baverstock et al., 1983c) as well as morphological traits (Schwabe, 1979). An ongoing ta...  
 

 

   

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