the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Rattus rattus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180362

(Download Help) Rattus rattus TSN 180362

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Mus alexandrinorattus Fatio, 1902
    Mus alexandrinus É. Geoffroy, 1803
    Mus alexandrinus Desmarest, 1819
    Mus arboreus Horsfield, 1851
    Hapalotis arboricola Gould, 1863
    Mus asiaticus Gray, 1837
    Mus atratus Miller, 1902
    Mus atridorsum Miller, 1903
    Mus ceylonus Kelaart, 1850
    Epimys chionogaster Lönnberg, 1916
    Mus crassipes Blyth, 1859
    Rattus domesticus Fitzinger, 1867
    Mus erythronotus Temminck, 1845
    Mus flavescens Elliot, 1839
    Mus flaviventris Brants, 1827
    Musculus frugivorus Rafinesque, 1814
    Mus galapagoensis Waterhouse, 1839
    Mus griseocaeruleus Higgins and Petterd, 1883
    Mus infralineatus Blyth, 1863
    Mus insularis Waterhouse, 1839
    Mus jujensis Lönnberg, 1916
    Mus kandianus Kelaart, 1850
    Mus kandiyanus Kelaart, 1887
    Epimys kelaarti Wroughton, 1915
    Mus kijabius J. A. Allen, 1909
    Mus latipes Bennett, 1835
    Mus leucogaster Pictet, 1841
    Mus muansae Matschie, 1911
    Mus nemoralis Selys-Longchamps, 1841
    Mus novaezelandiae Buller, 1871
    Mus picteti Schinz, 1845
    Mus rufescens Gray, 1837
    Mus samharensis Heuglin, 1877
    Myoxus siculae Lesson, 1827
    Mus subcaeruleus Lesson, 1842
    Mus sylvestris Pictet, 1841
    Mus tectorum Savi, 1825
    Mus tetragonurus Kelaart, 1850
    Mus tompsoni Ramsay, 1881
    Mus variabilis Higgins and Petterd, 1883
    Rattus domesticus albus Fitzinger, 1867
    Rattus domesticus ater Fitzinger, 1867
    Mus rattus ater Millais, 1905
    Mus rattus brookei Crew, 1923
    Rattus rattus chionogaster Cabrera, 1921
    Mus tectorum fuliginosus Bonaparte, 1833
    Rattus domesticus fulvaster Fitzinger, 1867
    Rattus domesticus fuscus Fitzinger, 1867
    Rattus rattus girensis Hinton, 1918
    Mus rattus intermedius Ninni, 1882
    Mus rattus jurassicus Burg, 1921
    Rattus norvegicus longicaudus Mori, 1937
    Rattus rattus narbadae Hinton, 1918
    Rattus rattus nericola Cabrera, 1921
    Rattus rattus ruthenus Ognev and Stroganov, 1936
    Rattus rattus sueirensis Cabrera, 1921
    Rattus domesticus varius Fitzinger, 1867
    Rattus rattus wroughtoni Hinton, 1919
  Common Name(s): rat noir [French]
    House Rat [English]
    Black Rat [English]
    Roof Rat [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifčres, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyMuridae Illiger, 1811 – campagnols, rats, souris, mice, rats, voles  
                                           SubfamilyMurinae Illiger, 1811 – Old World rats, Old World mice  
                                              GenusRattus Fischer, 1803 – Old World Rats  
                                                 SpeciesRattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) – rat noir, House Rat, Black Rat, Roof Rat  

  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
  Expert: Guy G. Musser  
  Notes: Department of Mammology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
  Expert: Michael D. Carleton  
  Notes: Department of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: rat noir[French]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott  
  Publication Date: 1966   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946, 2nd edition   
  Page(s): 810   
  Publisher: Alden Press   
  Publication Place: Oxford, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0565004484   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, Black Rat [English], House Rat [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, Roof Rat [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Watts, Christopher H. S., and H. J. Aslin  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Rodents of Australia   
  Page(s): ix + 321   
  Publisher: Angus & Robertson Publishers   
  Publication Place: Australia   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-207-14235-1   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Rattus rattus, House Rat [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Southern Asia  
    North America  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    South America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Caribbean Territories, Introduced  



  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Rattus rattus species group. Numerous cytogenetic studies focusing on the R. rattus complex, as summarized by Baverstock et al. (1983c), Bekasova and Mezhova (1983), Niethammer (1975), and Yosida (1980), have revealed two basic groups of populations. The Oceanian or European type has 2n = 38 (40 in some), the Asian type is characterized by 2n = 42; the two are also distinguished by biochemical features (Baverstock et al., 1983c) as well as morphological traits (Schwabe, 1979). An ongoing ta...  



 other off-site resources

Additional off-site resources may be available for this taxon. ITIS will build search links for all of the following that return results:

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal
  • BioOne Journals
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez Life Sciences Search
  • Google Images
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora Search
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Search
  • Threatened and Endangered Species (TESS) Search
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Search
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Search
  • USDA PLANTS Database Search
  • NatureServe Explorer Search

Please be patient. The time it takes to return results depends on the speed of the individual sites and may take several minutes.


A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar