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Felis silvestris  Schreber, 1777
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180589

(Download Help) Felis silvestris TSN 180589

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Wildcat [English]
 
    wild cat [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderFeliformia Kretzoi, 1945 – cat-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyFelidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – cats  
                                        SubfamilyFelinae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817  
                                           GenusFelis Linnaeus, 1758 – small cats  
                                              SpeciesFelis silvestris Schreber, 1777 – Wildcat, wild cat  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris cafra Desmarest, 1822  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris caucasica Satunin, 1905  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris caudata Gray, 1874  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris chutuchta Birula, 1916  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris cretensis Haltenorth, 1953  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris foxi Pocock, 1944  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris gordoni Harrison, 1968  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris grampia Miller, 1907  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris griselda Thomas, 1926  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris haussa Thomas and Hinton, 1921  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris iraki Cheesman, 1921  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris jordansi Schwarz, 1930  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris lybica Forster, 1780  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris mellandi Schwann, 1904  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris nesterovi Birula, 1916  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris ocreata Gmelin, 1791  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris ornata Gray, 1832  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris reyi Lavauden, 1929  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris rubida Schwann, 1904  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1777  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris tristrami Pocock, 1944  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris ugandae Schwann, 1904  
                                                 Subspecies Felis silvestris vellerosa Pocock, 1943  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Felis silvestris    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Felis silvestris    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Felis silvestris   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Felis silvestris   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Felis silvestris   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Felis silvestris, Wildcat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Felis silvestris   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Australia  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
    North America  
    Africa  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
    Canada, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix II; IUCN - Vulnerable as F. s. grampia, otherwise Least Concern  
    Comments: Also see comments under Felis catus. There is some confusion as to the correct species name. Schreber (1775) illustrated a plate as 'Felis Catus ferus', and in 1777 the text listed 'Felis (Catus) silvestris' and 'Felis Catus (domestica).' Opinion 465 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1957f) declared silvestris as the specific name for the European wild cat (with the understanding that F. catus and F. silvestris are usually considered conspecific). Revised by Ragni ...  
    Wilson & Reeder (eds., 2005) note that some consider catus and sylvestris (and lybica/libyca) to be conspecific. If this view were followed, "there would be a problem with the continued use of the name Felis sylvestris"  
 

 

   

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