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Sus scrofa  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180722

(Download Help) Sus scrofa TSN 180722

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Sus domesticus Erxleben, 1777
 
  Common Name(s): wild boar [English]
 
    pig [English]
 
    pig (feral) [English]
 
    Wild Boar [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilySuidae Gray, 1821 – hogs, pigs  
                                     SubfamilySuinae Gray, 1821  
                                        TribeSuini Gray, 1821  
                                           GenusSus Linnaeus, 1758 – pigs  
                                              SpeciesSus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 – wild boar, pig, pig (feral), Wild Boar  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa algira Loche, 1867  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa attila Thomas, 1912  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa cristatus Wagner, 1839  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa davidi Groves, 1981  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa leucomystax Temminck, 1842  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa libycus Gray, 1868  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa majori De Beaux and Festa, 1927  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa meridionalis Forsyth Major, 1882  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa moupinensis Milne-Edwards, 1871  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa nigripes Blanford, 1875  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa riukiuanus Kuroda, 1924  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa scrofa Linnaeus, 1758  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa sibiricus Staffe, 1922  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa taivanus (Swinhoe, 1863)  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa ussuricus Heude, 1888  
                                                 Subspecies Sus scrofa vittatus Boie, 1828  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Sus scrofa    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Sus scrofa    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sus scrofa   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sus scrofa   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sus scrofa   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sus scrofa   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Sus scrofa, wild boar [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Africa  
    Caribbean  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    Oceania  
    Australia  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Central Pacific Territories, Introduced  
    Mexico, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Vulnerable as S. s. riukiuanus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Revised by Genov (1999) and Groves (1981a, 2003). Treatment of majori as a subspecies follows Randi et al. (1996). The species can be partitioned into the following divisions (Genov, 1999; Groves and Grubb 1993): cristatus division (including also davidi), leucomystax division (including also moupinensis, riukiuanus, sibiricus, taivanus, and ussuricus), nominate scrofa division (including also algira, attila, libycus, majori, meridionalis, and nigripes), and vittatus division. For systemati...  
 

 

   

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