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Oenothera  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 27367

(Download Help) Oenothera TSN 27367

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Stenosiphon Spach
 
    Gaura L.
 
    Heterogaura Rothr.
 
    Calylophus Spach
 
    Gaura ludoviciana P.H. Raven & D.P. Greg.
 
  Common Name(s): evening-primrose [English]
 
    eveningprimrose [English]
 
    evening primrose [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae   
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderMyrtales   
                            FamilyOnagraceae  – evening primroses, onagres  
                               GenusOenothera L. – evening-primrose, eveningprimrose, evening primrose  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Oenothera acutissima W.L. Wagner – narrowleaf evening-primrose, Flaming Gorge evening-primrose, Flaming Gorge evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera affinis Cambess. – longflower evening-primrose, longflower evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera albicaulis Pursh – halfshrub sundrop, white-stem evening-primrose, whitest evening-primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera argillicola Mack. – shalebarren evening-primrose, shale barren evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera arida W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Trans-Pecos beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera arizonica (Munz) W.L. Wagner – California evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera berlandieri (Spach) Steud. – Berlandier's sundrops 
                                  Species Oenothera biennis L. – hoary eveningprimrose, king's-cureall, common evening-primrose, common evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera bifrons Lindl.  
                                  Species Oenothera boquillensis (P.H. Raven & D.P. Greg.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Rio Grande beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera brachycarpa A. Gray – shortfruit evening-primrose, shortfruit eveningprimrose, shortfruit evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera calcicola (P.H. Raven & D.P. Greg.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Texas beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera californica (S. Watson) S. Watson – California evening-primrose, California eveningprimrose, California evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera canescens Torr. & Frém. – beakpod eveningprimrose, spotted evening-primrose, beakpod evening primrose, spotted eveningprimrose, spotted evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera cavernae Munz – cavedwelling evening-primrose, cavedwelling eveningprimrose, cavedwelling evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera cespitosa Nutt. – tufted eveningprimrose, tufted evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera cinerea (Wooton & Standl.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – woolly beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera clelandii W. Dietr., P.H. Raven & W.L. Wagner – Cleland's evening-primrose, Cleland's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera coloradensis (Rydb.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – New Mexico beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera cordata J.W. Loudon – heartleaf evening-primrose, heartleaf eveningprimrose, heartleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera coronopifolia Torr. & A. Gray – crownleaf eveningprimrose, crownleaf evening-primrose, crownleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera coryi W.L. Wagner – El Paso evening-primrose, El Paso eveningprimrose, El Paso evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera curtiflora W.L. Wagner & Hoch – velvetweed 
                                  Species Oenothera curtissii (Rose) Small – Curtiss' evening-primrose, Curtiss' evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera deltoides Torr. & Frém. – dune primrose, birdcage evening-primrose, birdcage eveningprimrose, birdcage evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera demareei (P.H. Raven & D.P. Greg.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Demaree's beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera drummondii Hook. – beach evening-primrose, beach eveningprimrose, beach evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera elata Kunth – Hooker's evening-primrose, Hooker's eveningprimrose, western eveningprimrose, Hooker's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera engelmannii (Small) Munz – Engelmann's evening-primrose, Engelmann's eveningprimrose, Engelmann's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera falfurriae W. Dietr. & W.L. Wagner – royal evening-primrose, royal eveningprimrose, royal evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera filiformis (Small) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – longflower beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera filipes (Spach) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – slenderstalk beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera flava (A. Nelson) Garrett – long-tube evening primrose, long-tube evening-primrose, yellow eveningprimrose, yellow evening-primrose, yellow evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera fruticosa L. – narrowleaf evening-primrose, narrowleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera gaura W.L. Wagner & Hoch – biennial beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera glaucifolia W.L. Wagner & Hoch – false gaura 
                                  Species Oenothera glazioviana Micheli – redsepal evening-primrose, large-flower evening-primrose, redsepal evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera grandiflora L'Hér. ex Aiton – largeflower evening-primrose, largeflower evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera grandis (Britton) Smyth – showy evening-primrose, largeflower eveningprimrose, showy eveningprimrose, showy evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera harringtonii W.L. Wagner, Stockh. & W.M. Klein – Colorado Springs evening-primrose, Colorado Springs evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera hartwegii Benth.  
                                  Species Oenothera havardii S. Watson – Havard's evening-primrose, Havard's eveningprimrose, Havard's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera heterophylla Spach – variableleaf evening-primrose, largeflower eveningprimrose, variableleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera hexandra (Ortega) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – harlequinbush 
                                  Species Oenothera howardii (A. Nelson) W.L. Wagner – Howard's evening-primrose, Howard's eveningprimrose, Howard's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera humifusa Nutt. – seabeach eveningprimrose, seabeach evening-primrose, seabeach evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera jamesii Torr. & A. Gray – James' eveningprimrose, trumpet evening-primrose, trumpet evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera kunthiana (Spach) Munz – Kunth's evening-primrose, Kunth's eveningprimrose, Kunth's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera laciniata Hill – cut-leaved evening primrose, cut-leaf evening-primrose, cutleaf eveningprimrose, cutleaf evening-primrose, cutleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera lavandulifolia Torr. & A. Gray – lavenderleaf sundrops 
                                  Species Oenothera lindheimeri (Engelm. & A. Gray) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Lindheimer's beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera linifolia Nutt. – threadleaf sundrop, threadleaf evening-primrose, threadleaf evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera longissima Rydb. – longstem evening-primrose, longstem eveningprimrose, longstem evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera macrocarpa Nutt. – Ozark sundrop, bigfruit evening-primrose, bigfruit eveningprimrose, bigfruit evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera mckelveyae (Munz) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Mckelvey's beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera mexicana Spach – Mexican evening-primrose, Mexican eveningprimrose, Mexican evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera mollissima L. – Argentine evening-primrose, Argentine evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera murdockii S.L. Welsh & N.D. Atwood – Murdock's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera neomexicana (Small) Munz – New Mexico evening-primrose, New Mexico eveningprimrose, New Mexico evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera nutans G.F. Atk. & Bartlett – nodding evening-primrose, nodding evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera nuttallii Sweet – Nuttall's evening-primrose, Nuttall's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera oakesiana (A. Gray) J.W. Robbins ex S. Watson & J.M. Coult. – Oakes' evening-primrose, Oakes' evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera organensis Munz – Organ Mountain evening-primrose, Organ Mountain eveningprimrose, Organ Mountain evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera pallida Lindl. – pale evening-primrose, pale eveningprimrose, pale evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera parviflora L. – northern evening-primrose, northern evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera patriciae W.L. Wagner & Hoch – plains beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera perennis L. – little evening-primrose, little evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera pilosella Raf. – meadow evening-primrose, meadow eveningprimrose, meadow evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera platanorum P.H. Raven & D.R. Parn. – Fort Huachuca evening-primrose, Fort Huachuca evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera primiveris A. Gray – desert evening-primrose, desert eveningprimrose, desert evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera psammophila (A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr.) W.L. Wagner, Stockh. & W.M. Klein – St. Anthony Dunes evening-primrose, St. Anthony Dunes evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera pubescens Willd. ex Spreng. – silky evening primrose, South American evening-primrose, South American eveningprimrose, South American evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera rhombipetala Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray – fourpoint evening primrose, greater four-point evening-primrose, fourpoint evening-primrose, fourpoint eveningprimrose 
                                  Species Oenothera riparia Nutt.  
                                  Species Oenothera rosea L'Hér. ex Aiton – rose evening-primrose, rose eveningprimrose, rose evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera serrulata Nutt.  
                                  Species Oenothera simulans (Small) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – southern beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera sinuosa W.L. Wagner & Hoch – wavyleaf beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera spachiana Torr. & A. Gray – Spach's evening-primrose, Spach's eveningprimrose, Spach's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera speciosa Nutt. – Showy evening primrose, showy eveningprimrose, pinkladies 
                                  Species Oenothera stricta Ledeb. ex Link – Chilean evening-primrose, Chilean evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – scarlet beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera suffulta (Engelm.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – kisses 
                                  Species Oenothera tetraptera Cav. – fourwing evening-primrose, fourwing eveningprimrose, fourwing evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera texensis P.H. Raven & D.R. Parn. – Texas evening-primrose, Texas eveningprimrose, Texas evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera toumeyi (Small) Tidestr. – Toumey's sundrops 
                                  Species Oenothera triangulata (Buckley) W.L. Wagner & Hoch – prairie beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera triloba Nutt. – stemless eveningprimrose, stemless evening-primrose, stemless evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera tubicula A. Gray – Texas sundrops 
                                  Species Oenothera villosa Thunb. – hairy evening-primrose, hairy eveningprimrose, hairy evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera wolfii (Munz) P.H. Raven, W. Dietr. & Stubblef. – Wolf's evening-primrose, Wolf's evening primrose 
                                  Species Oenothera xenogaura W.L. Wagner & Hoch – Drummond's beeblossom 
                                  Species Oenothera xylocarpa Coville – woodyfruit evening-primrose, woodyfruit eveningprimrose, woodyfruit evening primrose 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Oenothera   
       
  Source: Onagraceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Oenothera   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Oenothera   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Oenothera   
       
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