the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Orchidaceae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 43397

(Download Help) Orchidaceae TSN 43397

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Pycnanthaceae
 
    Apostasiaceae
 
    Cypripediaceae
 
    Limodoraceae
 
    Liparidaceae
 
    Neottiaceae
 
    Neuwiediaceae
 
    Ophrydaceae
 
    Vanillaceae
 
  Common Name(s): orchids [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2014   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae   
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderLilianae  – monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédones  
                         OrderAsparagales   
                            FamilyOrchidaceae  – orchids  
    Direct Children:  
                               Genus Anoectochilus Blume  
                               Genus Aplectrum Torr. – Adam and Eve 
                               Genus Arethusa L. – dragon's mouth 
                               Genus Arundina Blume – bamboo orchid 
                               Genus Basiphyllaea Schltr.  
                               Genus Beloglottis Schltr.  
                               Genus Bletia Ruiz & Pav.  
                               Genus Bletilla Rchb. f.  
                               Genus Brachionidium Lindl. – cup orchid 
                               Genus Brassavola R. Br.  
                               Genus Brassia R. Br.  
                               Genus Broughtonia R. Br.  
                               Genus Bulbophyllum Thouars  
                               Genus Calanthe R. Br.  
                               Genus Calopogon R. Br. – grasspink 
                               Genus Calypso Salisb. – calypso orchid, fairy slipper 
                               Genus Camaridium Lindl.  
                               Genus Campylocentrum Benth. – bentspur orchid 
                               Genus Catasetum Rich. ex Kunth  
                               Genus Cattleya Lindl.  
                               Genus Caularthron Raf.  
                               Genus Cephalanthera Rich.  
                               Genus Cleistes Rich. ex Lindl. – rosebud orchid 
                               Genus Cleistesiopsis Pansarin & F. Barros  
                               Genus Cochleanthes Raf.  
                               Genus Coelia Lindl.  
                               Genus Coelogyne Lindl.  
                               Genus Comparettia Poepp. & Endl.  
                               Genus Corallorhiza Gagnebin – coralroot 
                               Genus Corymborkis Thouars – crow orchid 
                               Genus Cranichis Sw. – helmet orchid 
                               Genus Cyclopogon C. Presl – ladies'-tresses 
                               Genus Cymbidium Sw.  
                               Genus Cypripedium L. – lady's slipper 
                               Genus Cyrtochilum Kunth  
                               Genus Cyrtopodium R. Br.  
                               Genus Dactylorhiza Neck. ex Nevski – keyflower 
                               Genus Deiregyne Schltr.  
                               Genus Dendrobium Sw.  
                               Genus Dendrophylax Rchb. f.  
                               Genus Dichaea Lindl. – leafystem orchid 
                               Genus Dichromanthus Garay  
                               Genus Didymoplexis Griff.  
                               Genus Dilomilis Raf.  
                               Genus Domingoa Schltr.  
                               Genus Elleanthus C. Presl – tiger orchid 
                               Genus Eltroplectris Raf.  
                               Genus Encyclia Hook. – butterfly orchid 
                               Genus Epidendrum L. – star orchid 
                               Genus Epipactis Zinn – helleborine 
                               Genus Erythrodes Blume – false helmetorchid 
                               Genus Eulophia R. Br. ex Lindl. – wild coco 
                               Genus Eurystyles Wawra – custard orchid 
                               Genus Galeandra Lindl. – hooded orchid 
                               Genus Galearis Raf.  
                               Genus Geodorum Jacks.  
                               Genus Goodyera R. Br. – rattlesnake plantain 
                               Genus Govenia Lindl.  
                               Genus Gymnadenia R. Br.  
                               Genus Gymnadeniopsis Rydb.  
                               Genus Habenaria Willd. – bog orchid 
                               Genus Hapalorchis Schltr.  
                               Genus Helleriella A.D. Hawkes  
                               Genus Hexalectris Raf. – crested coralroot 
                               Genus Ionopsis Kunth – violet orchid 
                               Genus Isochilus R. Br.  
                               Genus Isotria Raf. – fiveleaf orchid 
                               Genus Jacquiniella Schltr. – tufted orchid 
                               Genus Koellensteinia Rchb. f.  
                               Genus Laelia Lindl.  
                               Genus Leochilus Knowles & Westc.  
                               Genus Lepanthes Sw. – babyboot orchid 
                               Genus Lepanthopsis Ames  
                               Genus Liparis Rich. – widelip orchid 
                               Genus Lycaste Lindl.  
                               Genus Macradenia R. Br.  
                               Genus Malaxis Sol. ex Sw. – addersmouth orchid, adder's-mouth orchid 
                               Genus Masdevallia Ruiz & Pav.  
                               Genus Maxillaria Ruiz & Pav. – tiger orchid 
                               Genus Mesadenus Schltr. – ladies'-tresses 
                               Genus Microchilus C. Presl  
                               Genus Miltonia Lindl. – pansy orchid 
                               Genus Miltoniopsis God.-Leb.  
                               Genus Mormolyca Fenzl  
                               Genus Neottia Guett.  
                               Genus Nervilia Comm. ex Gaudich.  
                               Genus Nidema Britton & Millsp.  
                               Genus Oeceoclades Lindl. – monk orchid 
                               Genus Oncidium Sw. – dancing-lady orchid 
                               Genus Ophrys L.  
                               Genus Orchis L.  
                               Genus Ornithidium Salisb. ex R. Br.  
                               Genus Paphiopedilum Pfitzer – Venus' slipper 
                               Genus Pelexia Poit. ex Lindl. – hachuela 
                               Genus Phaius Lour. – nun's-hood orchid 
                               Genus Phalaenopsis Blume – moth orchid 
                               Genus Platanthera Rich. – bog orchid, fringed orchid 
                               Genus Platythelys Garay  
                               Genus Pleurothallis R. Br. – bonnet orchid 
                               Genus Pogonia Juss.  
                               Genus Polystachya Hook. – yellowspike orchid 
                               Genus Ponthieva R. Br. – shadow witch 
                               Genus Prescottia Lindl. – Prescott orchid 
                               Genus Prosthechea Knowles & Westc.  
                               Genus Pseudorchis Ség. – bog orchid 
                               Genus Psilochilus Barb. Rodr.  
                               Genus Psychilis Raf. – peacock orchid 
                               Genus Psychopsis Raf. – butterfly orchid 
                               Genus Pteroglossaspis Rchb. f.  
                               Genus Pycnantha Ravenna  
                               Genus Renanthera Lour.  
                               Genus Restrepiella Garay & Dunst.  
                               Genus Sacoila Raf.  
                               Genus Scaphyglottis Poepp. & Endl.  
                               Genus Schiedeella Schltr.  
                               Genus Sobralia Ruiz & Pav.  
                               Genus Sotoa Salazar  
                               Genus Spathoglottis Blume – ground orchid 
                               Genus Spiranthes Rich. – ladies tresses, ladies'-tresses, lady's tresses 
                               Genus Stanhopea Frost ex Hook.  
                               Genus Stelis Sw. – leach orchid 
                               Genus Stenorrhynchos Rich. ex Spreng. – lady orchid, ladies'-tresses 
                               Genus Sudamerlycaste Archila  
                               Genus Tetramicra Lindl. – wallflower orchid 
                               Genus Tipularia Nutt.  
                               Genus Tolumnia Braem – dancing-lady orchid 
                               Genus Trichocentrum Poepp. & Endl.  
                               Genus Trichosalpinx Luer – bonnet orchid 
                               Genus Triphora Nutt. – noddingcaps 
                               Genus Tropidia Lindl.  
                               Genus Vanda Jones ex R. Br.  
                               Genus Vanilla Mill. – vanilla 
                               Genus Wullschlaegelia Rchb. f.  
                               Genus Xylobium Lindl.  
                               Genus Zeuxine Lindl.  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, 2014, website (version 2014)  
  Acquired: 2014   
  Notes: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, botanical information system at the Missouri Botanical Garden, available at http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/   
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Source: Checklist of CITES species, CD-ROM (version 2008)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2008. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-029-3. Available online at http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/sca/cd_checklist-info/ or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Source: Orchidaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010)  
  Acquired: 2010   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Orchidaceae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s):    
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: CITES: Appendix II except the species included in Appendix I, adopted at the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (The Hague, 2007)  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

Additional off-site resources may be available for this taxon. ITIS will build search links for all of the following that return results:

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal
  • BioOne Journals
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez Life Sciences Search
  • Google Images
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora Search
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Search
  • Threatened and Endangered Species (TESS) Search
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Search
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Search
  • USDA PLANTS Database Search
  • NatureServe Explorer Search

Please be patient. The time it takes to return results depends on the speed of the individual sites and may take several minutes.


 
 
   

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    


Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar