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Ovis aries  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 552475

(Download Help) Ovis aries TSN 552475

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Red Sheep [English]
 
    domestic sheep [English]
 
    mouflon [English]
 
    sheep (feral) [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyCaprinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusOvis Linnaeus, 1758 – sheep  
                                           SpeciesOvis aries Linnaeus, 1758 – Red Sheep, domestic sheep, mouflon, sheep (feral)  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries aries Linnaeus, 1758  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries arkal Eversmann, 1850  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries cycloceros Hutton, 1842  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries isphahanica Nasonov, 1910  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries laristanica Nasonov, 1909  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries musimon (Pallas, 1811)  
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries ophion Blyth, 1841 – urial 
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries orientalis Gmelin, 1774 – mouflon (western Asia) 
                                              Subspecies Ovis aries vignei Blyth, 1841 – urial 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Ovis aries    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Ovis aries    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source:    
  Acquired:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Ovis aries   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ovis aries   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Ovis aries, mouflon [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    South America  
    North America  
    Oceania  
    Australia  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Hawaii, Introduced  
    Continental US, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Includes O. musimon  
    Status: CITES - Appendix I as O. orientalis ophion and O. vignei vignei, Appendix II as O. vignei; U.S. ESA - Endangered as O. musimon ophion and O. vignei vignei; IUCN - Endangered as O. orientalis ophion, O. o. bochariensis, O. o. punjabiensis, and O. o. vignei, Vulnerable as O. o. isphahanica, O. o. laristanica, O. o. arkal, O. o. gmelini, O. o. musimon, and O. o. cycloceros  
    Comments: Includes orientalis; see Nadler et al. (1973). Also includes musimon and ophion, introduced in Neolithic to Corsica, Sardinia and Cyprus; see Payne (1968), Vigne (1988), and Hemmer (1990). For correct authorship of musimon, see Uerpmann (1980); Pallas (1811) included the Mouflon of Sardinia and Corsica described by Cetti with the Arkar of Turkmenistan and Iran as syntypes of musimon (Heptner et al., 1961). To avoid musimon being a senior synonym of arkal, the lectotype of musimon must be de...  
    ITIS defers to Wilson & Reeder (eds., 2005) on the correct name for a species when the choice is between an older name based on a domestic form and a younger name based on a wild form. ICZN Opinion 2027 (3/2003) sought to resolve this, but by itself the Ruling contained in that Opinion effectively says that it cannot be based on priority. More explicit guidance is found in the "History of Case 3010" section of the Opinion, but ITIS has been advised that only the Ruling section is binding. Thus, there is apparently no basis upon which to select the correct (valid) name  
 

 

   

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