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Araneae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 82732

(Download Help) Araneae TSN 82732

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Order  
  Synonym(s): Orthognata
 
    Mesothelae
 
    Opisthothelae
 
    Labidognatha
 
    Hypochiloidea
 
    Neocribellatae
 
    Ecribellatae
 
    Haplogynae
 
  Common Name(s): spiders [English]
 
    aranhas [Portuguese]
 
    araignées [French]
 
    arañas [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumEcdysozoa   
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumChelicerata  – cheliceriformes, quelicerado, queliceriforme  
                   ClassArachnida  – arachnids, aracnídeo, araignées, arácnidos  
                      OrderAraneae  – spiders, aranhas, araignées, arañas  
    Direct Children:  
                         Family Actinopodidae Simon, 1892 – mouse spiders 
                         Family Agelenidae C. L. Koch, 1837 – funnel weavers 
                         Family Amaurobiidae Thorell, 1870 – hackledmesh weavers 
                         Family Ammoxenidae Simon, 1893 – ammoxenid spiders 
                         Family Amphinectidae Forster & Wilton, 1973 – amphinectid spiders 
                         Family Anapidae Simon, 1895 – anapid spiders 
                         Family Antrodiaetidae Gertsch, in Comstock, 1940 – foldingdoor spiders 
                         Family Anyphaenidae Bertkau, 1878 – ghost spiders 
                         Family Araneidae Clerck, 1757 – orbweavers 
                         Family Archaeidae Koch & Berendt, 1854 – archaeid spiders 
                         Family Atypidae Thorell, 1870 – purseweb spiders 
                         Family Austrochilidae Zapfe, 1955 – austrochilid spiders 
                         Family Barychelidae Simon, 1889 – brushfooted trapdoor spiders 
                         Family Caponiidae Simon, 1890 – caponiid spiders 
                         Family Chummidae Jocqué, 2001 – chummid spiders 
                         Family Cithaeronidae Simon, 1893 – cithaeronid spiders 
                         Family Clubionidae Wagner, 1887 – sac spiders 
                         Family Corinnidae Karsch, 1880 – antmimic spiders 
                         Family Ctenidae Keyserling, 1877 – wandering spiders 
                         Family Ctenizidae Thorell, 1887 – trapdoor spiders 
                         Family Cyatholipidae Simon, 1894 – cyatholipid spiders 
                         Family Cybaeidae Banks, 1892 – water spiders 
                         Family Cycloctenidae Simon, 1898 – scuttling spiders 
                         Family Cyrtaucheniidae Simon, 1889 – cyrtaucheiid spiders 
                         Family Deinopidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – ogrefaced spiders 
                         Family Desidae Pocock, 1895 – desid spiders 
                         Family Dictynidae O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 – meshweavers 
                         Family Diguetidae F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 – desertshrub spiders 
                         Family Dipluridae Simon, 1889 – funnelweb spiders 
                         Family Drymusidae Simon, 1893 – drymusid spiders 
                         Family Dysderidae C. L. Koch, 1837 – dysderid spiders 
                         Family Eresidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – eresid spiders 
                         Family Filistatidae Ausserer, 1867 – crevice weavers 
                         Family Gallieniellidae Millot, 1947 – gallieniellid spiders 
                         Family Gnaphosidae Pocock, 1898 – stealthy ground spiders 
                         Family Gradungulidae Forster, 1955 – gradungulid spiders 
                         Family Hahniidae Bertkau, 1878 – hahniid spiders 
                         Family Hersiliidae Thorell, 1870 – longspinneret spiders 
                         Family Hexathelidae Simon, 1892 – Australian funnelweb spiders 
                         Family Holarchaeidae Forster & Platnick, 1984 – holarchaeid spiders 
                         Family Homalonychidae Simon, 1893 – dusty desert spiders 
                         Family Huttoniidae Simon, 1893 – huttoniid spiders 
                         Family Hypochilidae Marx, 1888 – lampshade weavers 
                         Family Idiopidae Simon, 1889 – armored trapdoor spiders 
                         Family Lamponidae Simon, 1893 – whitetailed spiders 
                         Family Leptonetidae Simon, 1890 – cave spiders 
                         Family Linyphiidae Blackwall, 1859 – dwarf weavers, sheetweb weavers 
                         Family Liocranidae Simon, 1897 – liocranid spiders 
                         Family Liphistiidae Thorell, 1869 – segmented trapdoor spiders 
                         Family Lycosidae Sundevall, 1833 – wolf spiders 
                         Family Malkaridae Davies, 1980 – shield spiders 
                         Family Mecicobothriidae Holmberg, 1882 – mecicobothriid spiders 
                         Family Mecysmaucheniidae Simon, 1895 – mecysmaucheniid spiders 
                         Family Micropholcommatidae Hickman, 1944 – micropholcommatid spiders 
                         Family Microstigmatidae Roewer, 1942 – microstigmatid spiders 
                         Family Migidae Simon, 1889 – tree trapdoor spiders 
                         Family Mimetidae Simon, 1881 – pirate spiders 
                         Family Miturgidae Simon, 1886 – prowling spiders 
                         Family Mysmenidae Petrunkevitch, 1928 – dwarf cobweb weavers 
                         Family Nemesiidae Simon, 1889 – wishbone spiders, tubetrapdoor spiders 
                         Family Nephilidae Simon, 1894  
                         Family Nesticidae Simon, 1894 – cave cobweb spiders 
                         Family Nicodamidae Simon, 1897 – nicodamid spiders 
                         Family Ochyroceratidae Fage, 1912 – ochyroceratid spiders 
                         Family Oecobiidae Blackwall, 1862 – flatmesh weavers 
                         Family Oonopidae Simon, 1890 – dwarf sixeyed spiders 
                         Family Orsolobidae Cooke, 1965 – orsolobid spiders 
                         Family Oxyopidae Thorell, 1870 – lynx spiders 
                         Family Palpimanidae Thorell, 1870 – palpimanid spiders 
                         Family Pararchaeidae Forster & Platnick, 1984 – pararchaeid spiders 
                         Family Paratropididae Simon, 1889 – baldlegged spiders 
                         Family Periegopidae Simon, 1893 – periegopid spiders 
                         Family Philodromidae Thorell, 1870 – running crab spiders 
                         Family Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – daddylongleg spiders, cellar spiders 
                         Family Phyxelididae Lehtinen, 1967 – phyxelidid spiders 
                         Family Pimoidae Wunderlich, 1986 – pimoid spiders 
                         Family Pisauridae Simon, 1890 – nursery web spiders 
                         Family Plectreuridae Simon, 1893 – plectreurid spiders 
                         Family Prodidomidae Simon, 1884 – prodidomid spiders 
                         Family Psechridae Simon, 1890 – psechrid spiders 
                         Family Salticidae Blackwall, 1841 – jumping spiders 
                         Family Scytodidae Blackwall, 1864 – spitting spiders 
                         Family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 – tunnel spiders 
                         Family Selenopidae Simon, 1897 – selenopid crab spiders 
                         Family Senoculidae Simon, 1890 – senoculid spiders 
                         Family Sicariidae Keyserling, 1880 – sixeyed sicariid spiders 
                         Family Sinopimoidae Li & Wunderlich, 2008  
                         Family Sparassidae Bertkau, 1872 – giant crab spiders 
                         Family Stenochilidae Thorell, 1873 – stenochilid spiders 
                         Family Stiphidiidae Dalmas, 1917 – stiphidiid spiders 
                         Family Symphytognathidae Hickman, 1931 – dwarf orbweavers 
                         Family Synaphridae Wunderlich, 1986  
                         Family Synotaxidae Simon, 1894 – synotaxid spiders 
                         Family Telemidae Fage, 1913 – telemid spiders 
                         Family Tengellidae Dahl, 1908 – tengellid spiders 
                         Family Tetrablemmidae O. P.-Cambridge, 1873 – tetrablemmid spiders 
                         Family Tetragnathidae Menge, 1866 – longjawed orbweavers 
                         Family Theraphosidae Thorell, 1869 – tarantulas 
                         Family Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833 – cobweb weavers 
                         Family Theridiosomatidae Simon, 1881 – ray orbweavers 
                         Family Thomisidae Sundevall, 1833 – crab spiders 
                         Family Titanoecidae Lehtinen, 1967 – titanoecid spiders 
                         Family Trechaleidae Simon, 1890 – trechaleid spiders 
                         Family Trochanteriidae Karsch, 1879 – trochanteriid spiders 
                         Family Trogloraptoridae Griswold, Audisio & Ledford, 2012  
                         Family Uloboridae Thorell, 1869 – hackled orbweavers 
                         Family Zodariidae Thorell, 1881 – zodariid spiders 
                         Family Zoridae F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 – zorid spiders 
                         Family Zorocratidae Dahl, 1913 – zorocratid spiders 
                         Family Zoropsidae Bertkau, 1882 – zoropsid spiders 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CRIA-Brazil, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: aranhas[Portuguese]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Araneae, spiders [English]   
       
  Source: World Spider Catalog, Version 11.0, website (version 11.0)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Platnick, Norman I. 2011. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001   
  Reference for: Araneae   
       
  Source: World Spider Catalog, Version 12.5, website (version 12.5)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: Platnick, Norman I. 2012. The World Spider Catalog, v.12.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001   
  Reference for: Araneae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Harvey, Mark S.  
  Publication Date: 2002   
  Article/Chapter Title: The neglected cousins: what do we know about the smaller arachnid orders?   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Journal of Arachnology, vol. 30, no. 2   
  Page(s): 357-372   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0160-8202   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Araneae   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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