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Phascolosoma carneum  Leuckart and Rüppell, 1828
Taxonomic Serial No.: 154895

(Download Help) Phascolosoma carneum TSN 154895

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Phascolosoma dunwichi Edmonds, 1956
 
    Phascolosoma guttatum (Quatrefages, 1865)
 
    Phascolosoma nahaense (Ikeda, 1904)
 
    Phascolosoma psaron (Sluiter, 1886)
 
    Phascolosoma rottnesti Edmonds, 1956
 
    Phascolosoma scolops (Selenka and de Man in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883)
 
    Phascolosoma scolops scolops (Selenka and de Man in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883)
 
    Phascolosoma scolops adenticulatum (Hérubel, 1904)
 
    Phascolosoma scolops mossambiciense (Selenka in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883)
 
    Phascolosoma socium (Lanchester, 1905)
 
    Phascolosoma spongicolum (Sluiter, 1902)
 
    Phymosoma scolops Selenka and de Man in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883
 
    Physcosoma scolops (Selenka and de Man in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883)
 
    Phymosoma psaron Sluiter, 1886
 
    Physcosoma psaron (Sluiter, 1886)
 
    Physcosoma spongicola Sluiter, 1902
 
    Phymosoma nahaense Ikeda, 1904
 
    Physcosoma socium Lanchester, 1905
 
    Phascolosoma riukiuensis Murina, 1975
 
    Sipunculus guttatus Quatrefages, 1865
 
    Sipunculus carneus (Leuckart and Rüppell, 1828)
 
    Phymosoma scolops mossambiciense Selenka in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883
 
    Physcosoma scolops mossambiciense (Selenka in Selenka, de Man and Bülow, 1883)
 
    Physcosoma scolops adenticulatum Hérubel, 1904
 
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumLophozoa   
             PhylumSipuncula  – peanut worms, shore worms, sipunculan worms, sipúnculo, shore worms, sipunculiens, sipunculans  
                ClassPhascolosomatidea E. Cutler and Gibbs, 1985  
                   OrderPhascolosomatiformes E. Cutler and Gibbs, 1985  
                      FamilyPhascolosomatidae Stephen and Edmonds, 1972 – phascolosomatids  
                         GenusPhascolosoma Leuckart, 1828  
                            SubgenusPhascolosoma (Phascolosoma) Leuckart, 1828  
                               SpeciesPhascolosoma carneum Leuckart and Rüppell, 1828  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Phascolosoma carneum   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Cutler, Edward B.   
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Sipuncula: Their Systematics, Biology, and Evolution   
  Page(s): xvii + 453   
  Publisher: Comstock Publishing Associates of Cornell University Press   
  Publication Place: Ithaca, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8014-2843-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Phascolosoma carneum   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Cutler, Norma J., and Edward B. Cutler   
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title: A revision of the subgenus Phascolosoma (Sipuncula: Phascolosoma)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 103, no. 3   
  Page(s): 691-730   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0006-324X   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Phascolosoma carneum   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Saiz Salinas, José Ignacio   
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title: Die Typen und Typoide de Natur-Museums Senckenberg, 80: Die von Rüppell & Leuckart 1828 beschriebenen Arten   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Seckenbergiana biologica, vol. 69, no. 1/3   
  Page(s): 207-212   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0037-2102   
  Notes: Text in German   
  Reference for: Phascolosoma carneum   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Stephen, A. C., and S. J. Edmonds   
  Publication Date: 1972   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Phyla Sipuncula and Echiura   
  Page(s): vii+528   
  Publisher: Trustees of The British Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: London   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-565-00717-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Phascolosoma carneum   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Eastern Atlantic Ocean  
    Indo-West Pacific  
    Western Atlantic Ocean  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Cutler & Cutler (1990:719) argued that the more often used name Phascolosoma scolops (Selenka and de Man 1883) (originally in Phymosoma) should be used over the less-used but senior name Phascolosoma carneum Leuckart and Rüppell 1828. In spite of their arguments (i.e., to preserve nomenclatural stability and avoid confusion), we follow the Code and let priority dictate Phascolosoma carneum as the appropriate name for this taxon. A petition to the ICZN would be required to do otherwise  
    Authorship is variously given as Leuckart and Rüppell in Rüppell 1828 or Rüppell and Leuckart in Rüppell 1828. This discrepancy has not yet been investigated for ITIS  
    Note that while ICZN Opinion 1532 (1989) suppressed Sipunculus (Phymosomum) guttatus Quatrefages 1865 and placed Phymosoma scolops Selenka et al. 1883 [1884?] on the Official List of Species Names in Zoology, no mention was made of Phascolosoma carneum Leuckart and Rüppell 1828, which has priority  
 

 

   


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