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Sciurus niger  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180172

(Download Help) Sciurus niger TSN 180172

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): fox squirrel [English]
 
    Ardilla zorra [Spanish]
 
    Eastern Fox Squirrel [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderSciuromorpha Brandt, 1855 – squirrels  
                                     FamilySciuridae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – squirrels, marmots, chipmunks  
                                        SubfamilySciurinae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817  
                                           TribeSciurini Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – Holarctic tree squirrels  
                                              GenusSciurus Linnaeus, 1758 – tree squirrels  
                                                 SubgenusSciurus (Sciurus) Linnaeus, 1758  
                                                    SpeciesSciurus niger Linnaeus, 1758 – fox squirrel, Ardilla zorra, Eastern Fox Squirrel  
    Direct Children:  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger avicennia A. H. Howell, 1919 – Big Cypress fox squirrel 
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger bachmani Lowery and Davis, 1942  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger cinereus Linnaeus, 1758 – Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, eastern fox squirrel 
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger limitis Baird, 1855  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger ludovicianus Custis, 1806  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger niger Linnaeus, 1758 – fox squirrel 
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger rufiventer É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger shermani Moore, 1956 – Sherman's fox squirrel 
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger subauratus Bachman, 1839  
                                                       Subspecies Sciurus niger vulpinus Gmelin, 1788  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Sciurus niger    
       
  Expert: Richard W. Thorington, Jr.  
  Notes: Curator of Mammals, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, MRC 108, PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA   
  Reference for: Sciurus niger    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Ardilla zorra[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus niger   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus niger   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Family Sciuridae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 754-818   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus niger, Eastern Fox Squirrel [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Squirrels of the World   
  Page(s): vii + 459   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-4214-0469-9   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sciurus niger, Eastern Fox Squirrel [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sciurus niger   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Sciurus niger, Eastern Fox Squirrel [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Middle America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: U.S. ESA - Endangered as S. n. cinereus; nonessential experimental population in Sussex Co., Delaware (USA); IUCN - Data Deficient as S. n. vulpinus, Lower Risk (conservation dependent) as S. n. avicinnia and S. n. cinereus, Lower Risk (nt) as S. n. s...  
    Comments: Subgenus Sciurus (Hall, 1981:427). Reviewed by Koprowski (1994a, Mammalian Species No. 479)  
 

 

   

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