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Ursus arctos  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180543

(Download Help) Ursus arctos TSN 180543

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Brown Bear [English]
 
    Grizzly Bear [English]
 
    Oso pardo [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifčres, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyUrsidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – bears  
                                        GenusUrsus Linnaeus, 1758 – bears  
                                           SpeciesUrsus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 – Brown Bear, Grizzly Bear, Oso pardo  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos alascensis Merriam, 1896  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos arctos Linnaeus, 1758 – brown bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos beringianus Middendorff, 1851 – Siberian brown bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos californicus Merriam, 1896  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos collaris F. G. Cuvier, 1824  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos crowtheri Schinz, 1844  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos dalli Merriam, 1896  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos gyas Merriam, 1902  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos horribilis Ord, 1815 – brown bear, grizzly bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos isabellinus Horsfield, 1826  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos lasiotus Gray, 1867  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos middendorffi Merriam, 1896 – Kodiak bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos pruinosus Blyth, 1854 – brown bear 
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos sitkensis Merriam, 1896  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos stikeenensis Merriam, 1914  
                                              Subspecies Ursus arctos syriacus Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1828  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Ursus arctos    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Ursus arctos    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Oso pardo[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus arctos   
       
  Source: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-03/01, website (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/   
  Reference for: Ursus arctos   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus arctos   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Ursus arctos   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ursus arctos, Brown Bear [English], Grizzly Bear [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Ursus arctos   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Southern Asia  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Alaska, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix I as U. arctos (Mexico, Bhutan, China, and Mongolia populations) and U. a. isabellinus; otherwise Appendix II. U. S. ESA - Endangered as U. arctos pruinosus, as U. arctos in Mexico, and as U. a. arctos in Italy. Threatened as U. a. ho...  
    Comments: Reviewed by Erdbrink (1953), Couturier (1954), Rausch (1963a), Kurtén (1973), Hall (1984) and Pasitschniak-Arts (1993). Ognev (1931) and Allen (1938) recognized U. pruinosus as distinct; not followed by Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951), Gao (1987), and Stroganov (1962). Lönnberg (1923b) believed that differences between pruinosus and arctos warranted subgeneric distinction as (Mylarctos) pruinosus; however, this was not supported by Pocock's (1932b) thorough revision. Synonyms allocated a...  
 

 

   

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