the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Mustela frenata  Lichtenstein, 1831
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180556

(Download Help) Mustela frenata TSN 180556

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): Long-tailed Weasel [English]
    belette à longue queue [French]
    Comadreja cola larga [Spanish]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyMustelidae Fischer, 1817 – mustelids  
                                        SubfamilyMustelinae Fischer, 1817 – wolverines, martens, weasels  
                                           GenusMustela Linnaeus, 1758 – ermines, ferrets, minks, weasels  
                                              SpeciesMustela frenata Lichtenstein, 1831 – Long-tailed Weasel, belette à longue queue, Comadreja cola larga  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata affinis Gray, 1874  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata agilis Tschudi, 1844  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata alleni (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata altifrontalis Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata arizonensis (Mearns, 1891)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata arthuri Hall, 1927  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata aureoventris Gray, 1864  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata boliviensis Hall, 1938  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata costaricensis Goldman, 1912  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata effera Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata frenata Lichtenstein, 1831  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata goldmani (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata gracilis (Brown, 1908)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata helleri Hall, 1935  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata inyoensis Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata latirostra Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata leucoparia (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata longicauda Bonaparte, 1838  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata macrophonius (Elliot, 1905)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata munda (Bangs, 1899)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata neomexicanus (Barber and Cockerell, 1898)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata nevadensis Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata nicaraguae J. A. Allen, 1916  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata nigriauris Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata notius (Bangs, 1899)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata noveboracensis (Emmons, 1840)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata occisor (Bangs, 1899)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata olivacea Howell, 1913  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata oregonensis (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata oribasus (Bangs, 1899)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata panamensis Hall, 1932  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata peninsulae (Rhoads, 1894)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata perda (Merriam, 1902)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata perotae Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata primulina Jackson, 1913  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata pulchra Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata saturata (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata spadix (Bangs, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata texensis Hall, 1936  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata tropicalis (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata washingtoni (Merriam, 1896)  
                                                 Subspecies Mustela frenata xanthogenys Gray, 1843  

  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata    
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: Long-tailed Weasel[English], belette à longue queue [French]   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Comadreja cola larga[Spanish]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata, Long-tailed Weasel [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Mustela frenata   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    South America  
    North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  



  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Youngman (1982) and Abramov (1999) placed frenata in the subgenus Mustela. Synonyms allocated according to Hall (1951) and Sheffield and Thomas (1997)  



 other off-site resources

Additional off-site resources may be available for this taxon. ITIS will build search links for all of the following that return results:

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal
  • BioOne Journals
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez Life Sciences Search
  • Google Images
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora Search
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Search
  • Threatened and Endangered Species (TESS) Search
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Search
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Search
  • USDA PLANTS Database Search
  • NatureServe Explorer Search

Please be patient. The time it takes to return results depends on the speed of the individual sites and may take several minutes.


A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar