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Odocoileus hemionus  (Rafinesque, 1817)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180698

(Download Help) Odocoileus hemionus TSN 180698

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): mule deer [English]
 
    Venado bura [Spanish]
 
    Mule Deer [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyCervidae Goldfuss, 1820 – cervids, caribou, deer, moose, wapiti  
                                     SubfamilyCapreolinae Brookes, 1828  
                                        GenusOdocoileus Rafinesque, 1832 – mule deer, white-tailed deer  
                                           SpeciesOdocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817) – mule deer, Venado bura, Mule Deer  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus californicus (Caton, 1876)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus cerrosensis Merriam, 1898 – Cedros Island mule deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus columbianus (Richardson, 1829)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus eremicus (Mearns, 1897)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus fuliginatus Cowan, 1933  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817) – black-tailed deer, Rocky Mountain mule deer 
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus inyoensis Cowan, 1933  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus peninsulae (Lydekker, 1898)  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus sheldoni Goldman, 1939  
                                              Subspecies Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis Merriam, 1898  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Venado bura[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus, mule deer [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Odocoileus hemionus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    South America  
    North America  
    Oceania  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Mexico, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
    Alaska, Native  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Canada, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: U.S. ESA - Endangered as O. h. cedrocensis [sic; = cerrosensis]; IUCN - Endangered as O. h. cerrosensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Revised by Cowan (1936); reviewed by Anderson and Wallmo (1984, Mammalian Species, 219) and Geist (1998). The species can be partitioned into the columbianus division or Black-tailed Deer (including also sitkensis) and the nominate hemionus division or Mule Deer sensu stricto (including also californicus, cerrosensis, eremicus, fuliginatus, inyoensis, peninsulae, and sheldoni). Dorcelaphus crooki Mearns, 1897 is based on a hybrid between O. virginianus and O. hemionus (Heffelfinger, 2000)  
 

 

   

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