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Ovis canadensis  Shaw, 1804
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180711

(Download Help) Ovis canadensis TSN 180711

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): bighorn sheep [English]
 
    Borrego cimarrón [Spanish]
 
    Bighorn Sheep [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifčres, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyCaprinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusOvis Linnaeus, 1758 – sheep  
                                           SpeciesOvis canadensis Shaw, 1804 – bighorn sheep, Borrego cimarrón, Bighorn Sheep  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis auduboni Merriam, 1901  
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis californiana Douglas, 1829 – California bighorn sheep 
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis canadensis Shaw, 1804 – Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep 
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis cremnobates Elliot, 1904 – Peninsular bighorn 
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis mexicana Merriam, 1901 – desert bighorn sheep 
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis nelsoni Merriam, 1897 – Nelson's bighorn sheep, Nelson bighorn sheep, Peninsular bighorn sheep, desert bighorn sheep 
                                              Subspecies Ovis canadensis weemsi Goldman, 1937  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genčve, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Borrego cimarrón[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Source: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-05/01, website (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis, bighorn sheep [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ovis canadensis   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix II (Mexican population); U.S. ESA - Endangered as O. c. californiana in Sierra Nevada, California; Endangered as O. canadensis in peninsular ranges of Calfornia; IUCN - Critically Endangered as O. c. weemsi; Endangered as O. c. cremnobates; Vulnerable as O. c. mexicana; Lower Risk (cd) as O. c. californiana and O. c. nelsoni; otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: For locality where Duncan McGillivray shot the type, see J. A. Allen (1912). Corbet (1978c:218) included nivicola; but see also Korobitsyna et al. (1974) and Corbet and Hill (1991:135). Revised by Cowan (1940) and Wehausen and Ramey (2000). Reviewed by Shackleton (1985, Mammalian Species, 230)  
    CITES: Appendix II for the population of Mexico, adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  
 

 

   

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