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Alligator mississippiensis  (Daudin, 1802)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 551771

(Download Help) Alligator mississippiensis TSN 551771

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Alligator mississipiensis (Daudin, 1802)
 
    Crocodilus mississipiensis Daudin, 1802
 
  Common Name(s): American Alligator [English]
 
    Aligator americano [Spanish]
 
    alligator [English]
 
    gator [English]
 
    Florida alligator [English]
 
    Mississippi alligator [English]
 
    Louisiana alligator [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderCrocodilia  – crocodilo, jacaré, Crocodilians, crocodiles, alligators, caimans, gavials  
                            FamilyAlligatoridae  – Caimans, Alligators  
                               GenusAlligator Cuvier, 1807 – Alligators  
                                  SpeciesAlligator mississippiensis (Daudin, 1802) – American Alligator, Aligator americano, alligator, gator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Aligator americano[Spanish]   
       
  Source: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians ..., ed. 6.1, website (version 6.1)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Boundy, J., F. Burbrink, J. Campbell, B. Crother, K. de Quiroz, D. Frost, R. Highton, J. Iverson, F. Kraus, R. McDiarmid, J. Mendelson III, P. Meylen, R. Pyron, T. Reeder, M. Seidel, S. Tilley and D. Wake (Crother, B., ed.). Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence In Our Understanding. Edition 6.1, Last updated: 24 May 2011. Available at http://www.ssarherps.org/pages/comm_names/Index.php   
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis, American Alligator [English]   
       
  Source: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program, website (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/   
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis, American Alligator [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): King, F. W., and R. L. Burke, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Crocodilian, Tuatara, and Turtle Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher: Association of Systematics Collections   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-942924-15-0   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassification of the American Alligator to Threatened Due to Similarity of Appearance Throughout the Remainder of Its Range   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 52, no. 107   
  Page(s): 21059-21064   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Alligator mississippiensis   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: According to the US Fish & Wildlife Service's Endangered Species site (2001), "in 1987, the Fish and Wildlife Service pronounced the American alligator fully recovered and consequently removed the animal from the list of endangered species. Although the American alligator is secure, some related animals -- such as several species of crocodiles and caimans -- are still in trouble. For this reason, the Fish and Wildlife Service still regulates the legal trade in alligator skins, or products made from them, in order to protect these endangered animals with skin that is similar in appearance, but illegal in the commercial market"  
    Banks et al. (2003) note: Threatened throughout range  
    CITES: Appendix II listed under Crocodylia, adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  
    US ESA: Listed Threatened due to similarity of appearance, as published in Federal Register Volume 52, Number 107, Pages 21059 - 21064, June 04, 1987  
 

 

   

 other off-site resources
       
 

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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