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Taxon author: Raf.

ITIS records citing taxon author "Raf."
 
 Kingdom Animalia
  Abacion Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Abacion tesselatum Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Abryxis Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Aceros comatus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- esturgeon jaune, lake sturgeon
  Acmostomum cyprinae Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Acrorhynchina Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Acrorhynchus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Acrorhynchus reprobatus Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Acrorhynchus sophiae Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Actiniidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Actium decipiens (Raffray, 1890) -- invalid
  Addax Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Aethopyga siparaja (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Crimson Sunbird
  Aethopyga siparaja siparaja (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Agipan Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Aglaope streiata Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Aglaope striata Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Alasmidonta atropurpurea (Rafinesque, 1831) -- valid -- Cumberland elktoe
  Alasmidonta costata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Alasmidonta viridis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- slippershell mussel
  Alasmidontini Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Alaurina claparedii Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Alburnus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Alectis Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- cobblerfishes, cockfishes, threadfishes
  Alloeocoela Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Alloiocoela Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Allolobophora opisthosellata Graff, 1961 -- valid
  Allostoma austriacum (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Allostoma calyx Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Allostoma monotrochum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Allostomidae Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Allostominae Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Alopias Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Alosa chrysochloris (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- blue herring, golden shad, green herring, river herring, skipjack, skipjack herring, skipjack shad
  Alpheidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- snapping shrimps
  Alpheoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Amaga bogotensis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Amaga bogotensis bogotensis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Amblasmodon Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Amblasmodon hians Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Amblema Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Amblema antrosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema gibbosa difformis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema gibbosa olivacea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema gibbosa radiata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema olivaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema olivaria dilatata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema olivaria fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema torulosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Amblema torulosa angulata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Ambleminae Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Amblemini Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Amblonyx Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid
  Amblonyx cinereus concolor Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid
  Amblonyx concolor Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Ambloplites Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- rock basses
  Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid -- crapet de roche, rock bass
  Amblyplana Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Amblyplana braueri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana capensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana cockerelli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana ehrenbergi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana fuliginea Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana haeckeli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana knysensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana maheensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana notabilis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana teres Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Amblyplana zenkeri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Ameiurus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- bullheads
  Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- bagre torito negro, black bullhead
  Amphichoerus Graff, 1891 -- invalid
  Amphichoerus cinereus (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Amphichoerus langerhansi (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Amphinaias nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- wartyback
  Amphiscolops Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Amphiscolops cinereus (Graff, 1874) -- valid
  Amphiscolops gardineri Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Amphiscolops langerhansi (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Amycla Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Anaperus Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Anaperus gardineri (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Anisoctus Rafinesque, 1840 -- invalid
  Anisonyx Rafinesque, 1817 -- invalid
  Anisonyx rufa Rafinesque, 1817 -- invalid
  Anisorhynchodemus albicinctus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus amboinensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus belli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus boehmigi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus boholicus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus borelli (Graff, 1894) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus bosci (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus chuni (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus conradti (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus conspersus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus cultratus (Graff, 1898) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus demani (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus diesingi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus dugesi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus excavatus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus figdori (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus hallezi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus insularis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus kraepelini (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus leidyi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus lineolatus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus lubbocki (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus luteicollis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus michaelsoni (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus miniatus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus nolli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus pellucidus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus picta (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus procera (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus putzei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus rubrocinctus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus septemstriatus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus sharpi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus signata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus stenopus (Graff, 1894) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus tabatteldili (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus tristis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Anisorhynchodemus varians (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Anodonta atra Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta cuneata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta digonota Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Anodonta inflata fuscata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Anodonta inflata viridis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Anodonta inflata zonalis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Anodonta lata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta ohiensis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta ohiensis nigrescens Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta ohiensis radiata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta ohiensis violacina Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodonta ohiensis viridis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Anodontini Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Anomiidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Anoplodium clypeasteris Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Anoplodium myriotrochi Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Anotis Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Anthracoceros malayanus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Black Hornbill
  Aonyx cinereus concolor (Rafinesque, 1832) -- invalid
  Apalone Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid -- North American Softshell Turtles, North American Softshells
  Apalone hudsonica Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Aphanostomidae Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Aplodinotus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- freshwater drums, river drums, thunderpumpers
  Aplodinotus grunniens Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- freshwater drum, malachigan, roncador de agua dulce
  Aplodontia rufa (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid -- Mountain Beaver, Sewellel
  Aplodontia rufa rufa (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid
  Aplysiidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Apobythus Raffray, 1908 -- invalid
  Apomotis cyanellus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Aporrectodea fernandae (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Aporrectodea icterica occidentalis Graff, 1957 -- valid
  Arctictis binturong (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Binturong
  Arctictis binturong binturong (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Ardea sumatrana Raffles, 1822 -- valid -- Great-billed Heron
  Argusianus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Armina Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Armina tigrina Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid -- tiger armina
  Arminidae Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Arnoglossus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Artiocotylus Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Artiocotylus africanus (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Artiocotylus notabilis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Artiocotylus speciosus Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Artioposthia Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Artioposthia castanea Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Artioposthia daemeli (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Artioposthia grubei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Astrotorhynchus Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Astrotorhynchus bifidus regulatus Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Asymmetron australis Raff, 1912 -- invalid
  Atractosteus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- broadhead gars
  Australopacifica balfouri (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Australopacifica bicolor (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Australopacifica blomefieldi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica buettneri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica castanea (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica challengeri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica daemeli (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Australopacifica gamblei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica greeni (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica grubei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica guentheri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica humberti (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica huttoni (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica ijimai (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica inflata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica korotneffi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica krausi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica leuckarti (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica martensi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica meridionalis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica metschnikoffi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica moebiusi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica pulverulenta (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica sowerbyi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica treubi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Australopacifica warragulensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Automolus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Aximedia Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Aygula Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Barilius naseeri Mirza, Rafiq and Awan, 1986 -- valid
  Bariosta Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta fulvus fuscata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta fulvus rufa Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta ponderosus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta rimosus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Bariosta vittatis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Batracobdella phalera (Graf, 1899) -- invalid
  Beauchampius sarasinorum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Beauchampius trimeni (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Beluga Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Berenicornis comatus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- White-crowned Hornbill
  Bipalium adensameri Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium bergendali (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Bipalium bimaculatum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Bipalium bleekeri (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium catenatum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium claparedei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium ellioti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium falcatum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium fenestratum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium ferrugineum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium floweri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium gestroi Graff, 1894 -- valid
  Bipalium girardi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium gulliveri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium haasei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium haberlandti Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium hildebrandi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium hilgendorfi (Graff, 1896) -- valid
  Bipalium interruptum Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium janseni Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium kelleri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium kirkpatricki Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium layardi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium lehnerti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium lomani Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium madagascarensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium modiglianii Graff, 1894 -- invalid
  Bipalium molle (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium murinum (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium negritorum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium ocellatum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium piceum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium rauchi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium ravenelae (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium richtersi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium ridleyi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium rigaudi Graff, 1894 -- valid
  Bipalium robiginosum Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium salvini Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium semperi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Bipalium shipleyi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium sikorai (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium simplex Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium smithi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium solmsi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium steindachneri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium strubelli Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium superbum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium tamatavensis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium tripartitum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium virchowi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Bipalium voigti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium wiesneri Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Bipalium woodworthi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bipalium wrighti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Bogga bogotensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Bopyridae Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1815 -- valid
  Bopyroidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Borboridea microcephalum (Kraft & Cook, 1961) -- valid
  Bothus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Bothus diaphanus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Bothus imperialis Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Bothus rumolo Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Brachidontes recurvus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Branchiostegus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Bubo sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Barred Eagle-Owl
  Bubo sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Buccinidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Bullidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Byrsophlebidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Byrsophlebs intermedia Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Bythinopsis Raffray, 1908 -- invalid
  Caeciliidae Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid -- Caecilians
  Caeciliinae Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid -- common caecilians
  Caenoplana bicolor (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Caenoplana daemeli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Caenoplana micholitzi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Caenoplana sieboldi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Callanthias ruber (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- spotted dragonet, spotted dragonet
  Callosciurus notatus vittatus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Caloperdix oculeus ocellatus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Calyptomena Raffles, 1822 -- valid
  Calyptomena viridis Raffles, 1822 -- valid -- Green Broadbill
  Calyptomena viridis viridis Raffles, 1822 -- valid
  Campeloma Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Campeloma crassulum Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- ponderous campeloma
  Campostoma anomalum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- central stoneroller, rodapiedras del centro
  Campostoma anomalum anomalum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid
  Capriscus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Carapus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- pearlfishes
  Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- largetooth sand tigers
  Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- sand tiger, sand tiger shark, tiburón arenero tigre, tigre arenero
  Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Caretta Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid -- Loggerhead Sea Turtles
  Caretta nasuta Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Carpiodes Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- carpsuckers, quillbacks
  Carpiodes carpio (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- matalote chato, river carpsucker
  Carpiodes velifer (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- highfin carpsucker
  Castrada flavida (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Catenulidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Catoptera Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Celeus brachyurus badius (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Centracanthus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Centracanthus cirrus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Centrophorus uyato (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- little gulper shark
  Cephaloflexa bergi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Cephalotes teniotis Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Ceratopera gracilis (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Chaenobryttus cyanellus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Chatziplana grubei (Graff, 1892) -- valid
  Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- Atlantic flyingfish, blotchwing flyingfish, volador ala lunada
  Cheilopogon heterurus heterurus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Cheliurus Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Chelonura Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Chelopus Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Chelyda Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid -- Snapping Turtles
  Chelyra Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Chemelys Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Childia Graff, 1910 -- valid
  Childia spinosa Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Chilidonias Rafinesque, 1822 -- invalid
  Chitonidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Chlamisus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Chlidonias Rafinesque, 1822 -- valid -- Black Terns
  Chlopsis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Chlopsis bicolor Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- bicolor eel
  Choeradoplana Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Choeradoplana ehrenreichi Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Choeradoplana iheringi Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Choeradoplana langi (Graff, 1894) -- valid
  Choeradoplana spatulata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Chrosomus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Chrosomus erythrogaster (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Southern redbelly dace
  Cisticola juncidis (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- Zitting Cisticola
  Cisticola juncidis juncidis (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Climacia bifasciata Penny and Rafael, 1982 -- valid
  Clionidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Clivinini Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Clypeaster chesheri Serafy, 1970 -- valid
  Coluber sumatranus Raffles, 1822 -- invalid
  Commatocerus Raffray, 1882 -- invalid
  Conidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Conoplectus sylvaticus (Raffray, 1890) -- invalid
  Convoluta armata Graff, 1874 -- invalid
  Convoluta bimaculata Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Convoluta cinereus Graff, 1874 -- invalid
  Convoluta confusa Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Convoluta lacazii Graff, 1891 -- invalid
  Convoluta langerhansi Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Convoluta roscoffensis Graff, 1891 -- invalid
  Convoluta saliens (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Convoluta semperi Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Convoluta sordida Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Convoluta subtilis (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Convoluta uljanini Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Convolutidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Copsychus saularis musicus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Corydon sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Dusky Broadbill
  Corydon sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Coryphaena lineolata Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Cottus ictalops (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- miller's thumb
  Cotyloplana diesingi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Cotyloplana dugesi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Cotyloplana sharpi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Crotalinus catenatus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1818 -- invalid
  Crotalinus viridis Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Crotalus viridis (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- Prairie Rattlesnake, Víbora-cascabel occidental, Western Rattlesnake
  Crotalus viridis viridis (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- Prairie Rattlesnake
  Cryptomera Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Ctenisis Raffray, 1890 -- valid
  Ctenisodes Raffray, 1897 -- valid
  Curtisia Graff, 1916 -- invalid
  Cyamida Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- whale lice
  Cyamidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Cycleptus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- blue suckers
  Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- purple wartyback
  Cylindrosteus Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Cylindrostoma cyprinae (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Cylindrostoma klostermanni (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Cylindrostoma monotrochum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Cylindrostoma pleiocelis Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Cylindrostoma triste (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Cylindrostoma zooxanthella (Graff, 1886) -- valid
  Cylindrostomum triste (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Cynomys Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- Prairie Dogs
  Cynomys (Cynomys) Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid
  Cyornis rufigaster (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Cyornis rufigastra (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Cyornis rufigastra rufigastra (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Cyphanthropus Pycraft, 1928 -- invalid
  Cypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Cyprogenia stegaria (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fanshell
  Cypselurus heterurus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- invalid
  Cyrtomorpha Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Cyrtomorpha cinerea (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Cyrtomorpha saliens Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Cyrtomorpha subtilis Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Dalatias Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Dalophis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Dalophis serpa Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Dalyellia articulata Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia dodgei Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia eastmani Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia fairchildi Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia hallezi (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Dalyellia inermis Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia millportianus (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Dalyellia mohicana Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia rheesi Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia rochesteriana Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia rossi Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyellia schmidtii (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Dalyellia sillimani Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Dalyelliidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Darwinia subtilis (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Dasyatis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- fintail stingrays, stingrays
  Decurambis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Decurambis atropurpureum Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Decurambis scriptum Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Dendrobaena lusitana (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Dendrocoelum quadrioculatum (Graff, 1875) -- valid
  Dentex gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Deroceras Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Derolathrus sharpi Grouvelle in Grouvelle and Raffray, 1912 -- valid
  Derostoma salinarum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Desmognathus fuscus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Dusky Salamander, Northern Dusky Salamander, salamandre sombre du nord
  Desmorhynchus blainvillei (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Desmorhynchus hectori (Graff, 1897) -- invalid
  Desmorhynchus ochroleucus (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Desmorhynchus ochroleucus belli (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Desmorhynchus pellucidus (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Desmorhynchus vejdovskyi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Desserobdella phalera (Graf, 1899) -- valid
  Dianisotis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Dianisotis chinensis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Dicromantispa hyalina Pires Machado and Rafael, 2010 -- valid
  Dicromantispa leucophaea Pires Machado and Rafael, 2010 -- valid
  Didicla Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Diemictylus viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Diemictylus viridescens viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Digonopyla harmeri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Dinopium Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Diplanchias Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Diplanchias nasus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Diplasma vitrea Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Diplodus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- spottail porgies
  Diplostoma Rafinesque, 1817 -- invalid
  Dipturus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- longnosed skates
  Diversibipalium bleekeri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium catenatum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium claparedei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium ellioti (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium falcatum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium fenestratum (Graff, 1898) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium flowei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium gulliveri (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium haasei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium hildebrandi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium kirkpatricki (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium layardi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium lehnerti (Graff, 1898) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium lomani (Graff, 1898) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium madagascarense (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium modiglianii (Graff, 1894) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium molle (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium murinum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium negritorum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium ocellatum (Graff, 1898) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium piceum (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium rauchi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium richtersi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium ridleyi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium salvini (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium shipleyi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium simplex (Graff, 1898) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium smithi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Diversibipalium solmsi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium steindachneri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium superbum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium tamatavense (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium tripartitum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium virchowi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Diversibipalium wrighti (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Dolichoplana bosci Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana conradti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana feildeni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana harmeri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana picta Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana procera Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana signata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana tristis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dolichoplana voeltzkowi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Dorididae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Doridoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Dorosoma Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- gizzard shads
  Ducula badia (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Mountain Imperial Pigeon
  Ducula badia badia (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Dysnomia flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia obliquata obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia torulosa torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Dysnomia triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Echelus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Echelus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Echelus punctatus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Echelus rufus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Echinosorex gymnura (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Moonrat
  Echinosorex gymnura gymnura (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Eidalimus fuscus (Kraft & Cook, 1961) -- valid
  Eidolon Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Ellipsaria lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- butterfly
  Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Elliptio dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- spike
  Emyda Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Emydidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- Emydid Turtles, pond turtles, terrapins
  Emydinae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Enantia Graff, 1889 -- valid
  Enantia spinifera Graff, 1889 -- valid
  Enantiidae Graff, 1889 -- valid
  Endoplectus Raffray, 1910 -- invalid
  Enterostoma austriacum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Enterostomum austriacum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Enterostomum caecum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Enterostomum coecum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Enterostomum striatum (Graff, 1878) -- invalid
  Enterostomum zooxanthella Graff, 1886 -- invalid
  Eodrilus haffneri Graff, 1957 -- valid
  Eodrilus salvadorensis Graff, 1957 -- valid
  Eodrilus zilchi Graff, 1957 -- valid
  Epigonichthys australis (Raff, 1912) -- valid
  Epigonus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Epioblasma Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid
  Epioblasma biloba Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Epioblasma biloba pallida Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- leafshell
  Epioblasma obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- catspaw, purple cat's paw pearly mussel
  Epioblasma obliquata obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- catspaw, purple cat's paw pearly mussel
  Epioblasma torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- tubercled blossom
  Epioblasma torulosa torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- tubercled blossom, tubercled blossom pearly mussel
  Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- snuffbox
  Eptesicus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- big brown bats
  Eptesicus (Eptesicus) Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Equetus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- ribbonfishes
  Esarcus letourneuxi Raffray, 1873 -- valid
  Etheostoma Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- smoothbelly darters
  Etheostoma blennioides Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- greenside darter
  Etheostoma flabellare Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- dard barré, fantail darter
  Etheostoma nigrum Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- johnny darter, raseux-de-terre noir
  Etheostoma nigrum nigrum Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Etmopterus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- lantern sharks
  Etmopterus aculeatus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Eugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- invalid -- sand tiger shark
  Eupachygaster fusca Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Euphalepsus dentipes Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Euphalespus Raffray, 1887 -- invalid
  Eupomotis macrochirus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Euporobothria Graff, 1909 -- invalid
  Eurycea Rafinesque, 1822 -- valid -- Brook Salamanders
  Eurycea lucifuga Rafinesque, 1822 -- valid -- Cave Salamander
  Eurylaimus ochromalus Raffles, 1822 -- valid -- Black-and-yellow Broadbill
  Eurynia Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- bacoreta, comevíveres, false albacore, little tuna, little tunny, thonine commune
  Eutrigaster orobia (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Eutyphlus schmitti Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Euxinia Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Euxinia corniculata Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Exoglossum Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- cutlips minnows
  Fecampiidae Graff, 1903 -- valid
  Felis concolor oregonensis Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Felis oregonensis Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Fillus amazonicus Pires Machado and Rafael, 2011 -- valid
  Flexiplis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Fuhrmannia Graff, 1908 -- invalid
  Fundulus notatus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- blackstripe topminnow
  Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Wabash pigtoe
  Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Gadidae Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- bacalaos, codfishes, cods, morues, true cods
  Gaidropsarus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- three-bearded rocklings
  Galeus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- sawtail cat sharks
  Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- blackmouth catshark
  Galidictis grandidieri Wozencraft, 1986 -- valid -- giant-striped mongoose, Grandidier's Mongoose
  Gastropteron rubrum (Rafinesque, 1814) -- valid -- batwing seaslug
  Genostomatidae Graff, 1903 -- valid
  Geodesmus cockerelli (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Geodesmus voeltzkowi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Geomys Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- Eastern Pocket Gophers
  Geomys pinetis Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- Southeastern Pocket Gopher
  Geomys pinetis pinetis Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid
  Geoplana abundans (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Geoplana albopunctata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana applanata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana argus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana assimilis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana balfouri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana bergi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana bicolor Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana blanchardi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana bogotensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana bohlsi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana braunsi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana brittlebanki Graff, 1897 -- invalid
  Geoplana büttneri Graff, 1893 -- invalid
  Geoplana canaliculata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana carrierei Graff, 1897 -- invalid
  Geoplana challengeri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana chilensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana collini Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana cruciata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana daemeli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana distincta Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana ehlersi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana eugeniae Graff, 1897 -- invalid
  Geoplana ferussaci Graff, 1897 -- invalid
  Geoplana fryi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana gamblei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana gigantea Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana goeldii Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana gollmeri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana halbani Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana huttoni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana kenneli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana korotneffi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana krausi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana ladislavii Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana langi Graff, 1894 -- invalid
  Geoplana lata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana leuckarti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana marginata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana meridionalis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana metschnikoffi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana metzi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana micholitzi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana modesta Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana moebiusi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana multicolor Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana nobilis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana oerstedi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana pardalina Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana pelewensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana perspicillata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana platei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana polyophthalma Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana pulverulenta Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana reticulata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana rostrata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana rufiventris Graff, 1894 -- valid
  Geoplana sagittata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana sexstriata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana sieboldi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana sowerbyi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana splendida Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana stolli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana taenioides Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Geoplana warragulensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Germainaia Graf & Cummings, 2009 -- valid
  Gieysztoria dodgei (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Gieysztoria eastmani (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Gigantea gigantea (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Gonamblus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Gonostoma Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Gonostoma denudatum Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Gopherus Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid -- Gopher Tortoises, North American Tortoises
  Gorgasia barnesi Robison and Lancraft, 1984 -- valid
  Gorsachius melanolophus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Malayan Night Heron
  Graffilla tethydicola Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Graffillidae Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Graffillinae Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Gusana cruciata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Gusana lata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Gusana platei (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Gyrator banaticus (Graff, 1875) -- invalid
  Gyrator marginstus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Gyratricella attemsi (Graff, 1896) -- valid
  Gyratricidae Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Gyratricinae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Gyratrix attemsi Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Gyratrix hermaphroditus maculata Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Haematomantispa amazonica Pires Machado and Rafael, 2010 -- valid
  Halammovortex eastmani (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Haliotidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- abalone
  Haliotididae Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Hallezia Graff, 1908 -- invalid
  Hamotus nodicollis Raffray, 1883 -- valid
  Hamotus soror Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Harpactes kasumba (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Red-naped Trogon
  Harpactes kasumba kasumba (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Helarctos malayanus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Malayan Sun Bear, Sun bear
  Helarctos malayanus malayanus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Helmitheros Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- Worm-eating Warblers
  Hemiprocne longipennis (Rafinesque, 1802) -- valid -- Grey-rumped Treeswift
  Hemiprocne longipennis longipennis (Rafinesque, 1802) -- valid
  Hemisolasma Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Hemistena Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Hemistena lata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- cracking pearly mussel
  Heptranchias Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Heterochaerus langerhansi (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Hexanchus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- sixgill sharks
  Hexostoma Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Hiodon alosoides (Rafinesque, 1819) -- valid -- goldeye, laquaiche aux yeux d'or
  Hippocampus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- seahorses
  Hirundinidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Hopliatus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Hoploplana grubei (Graff, 1892) -- invalid
  Humbertium ferrugineum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium girardi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium kelleri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium ravenalae (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium sikorai (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium voigti (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Humbertium woodworthi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Hybopsis amblops (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- bigeye chub
  Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- Hylid Frogs, hylidés, hylidés arboricoles, Hylids, New World Tree Frogs, Treefrogs
  Hylinae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Hylobates syndactylus (Raffles, 1821) -- invalid -- siamang
  Hypentelium Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- hog suckers
  Hyporcus Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Hyporcus breitfussi Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Hyporhynchus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Hyporhynchus breitfussi (Graff, 1905) -- invalid
  Hyporhynchus coronatus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Ibis cinereus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Ictalurus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- channel catfishes, forktail catfishes
  Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- black bullhead
  Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- bagre de canal, barbue de rivière, channel catfish, graceful catfish
  Icthelus cyanella (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Ictiobus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- buffalo fishes, buffalo suckers
  Ictiobus bubalus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- matalote boquín, smallmouth buffalo
  Ictiobus niger (Rafinesque, 1819) -- valid -- black buffalo, matalote negro
  Idotea obscura Rafi, 1972 -- valid
  Idotea obscura Rafi, 1972 -- invalid
  Ischadium recurvum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- hooked mussel
  Issoca spatulata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Isurus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- makos, shortfin mako, shortfin makos
  Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- dientuso azul, mako, shortfin mako
  Itaipusa sophiae (Graff, 1905) -- valid
  Jensenia Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Jensenia Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Jensenia millportiana (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Kalyptorhynchia Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Kalyptorhynchia Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Kassina schioetzi Rödel, Grafe, Rudolf and Ernst, 2002 -- valid
  Koinocystis sophiae (Graff, 1905) -- invalid
  Kontikia assimilis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Kontikia canaliculata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Kontikia kenneli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Kontikia korotneffi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Kontikia micholitzi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Kontikia pelewensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Labrus caliophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus cettii Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus chlorophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus chrysostoma Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus donzella Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus fucii Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus imperialis Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus lappanoides Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus lappanus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus leo Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus luvarus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus macrostomus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus marmoratus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus mendovella Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus oculusperdix Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus pitimoides Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus pittima Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus verdolidus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus xantherythrus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus zittoides Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Labrus zittus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Lampsilis Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- plain pocketbook
  Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- wavy-rayed lampmussel, wavyrayed lampmussel
  Lampsilis pallida Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Lampsilis rosea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- yellow sandshell
  Lampyridae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- fireflies, glow worms, lightning bugs, lightningbugs
  Lampyrinae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Lampyrini Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Laniidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- Shrikes
  Lanius gularis Raffles, 1822 -- invalid
  Larrana Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Lasmigona Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid
  Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fluted-shell, flutedshell
  Lasmigona ponderosa Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Lasmigona viridis chloris Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Lasmonos Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Lasmonos fragilis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Lastena Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Lastena lata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Lemiox Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid
  Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831) -- valid -- birdwing pearly mussel
  Lemmus noveboracensis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Lemur tardigradus Raffles, 1821 -- invalid
  Lepidomus cyannelus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Lepisosteus platostomus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- shortnose gar
  Lepomis Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- common sunfishes, eared sunfishes
  Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- crapet vert, Green Sunfish, pez sol
  Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- Bluegill, crapet arlequin, mojarra oreja azul
  Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- crapet à longues oreilles, Longear Sunfish, mojarra gigante, mojarra orejona
  Leptodea Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- fragile papershell
  Leptodea leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- scaleshell
  Leptomantispa catarinae Pires Machado and Rafael, 2007 -- valid
  Leptoxis Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Leucon ornata Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Ligumia latissima (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Ligumia recta latissima (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Limella Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Limidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Lirceus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1820 -- valid
  Lirceus fontinalis Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1820 -- valid
  Lirisis Rafinesque, 1804 -- invalid
  Lithasia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- varicose rocksnail
  Lithobates clamitans melanota (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Northern Green Frog
  Lophura erythrophthalma (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Crestless Fireback
  Lophura erythrophthalma erythrophthalma (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Lophura ignita rufa (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Loricariidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- armored catfishes, loricariidés, plecóstomas, suckermouth armored catfishes, suckermouth catfishes
  Luteostriata abundans (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Lutianus flavus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Lutianus ruber Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Luvarus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Luvarus imperialis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- emperador, louvar
  Luxilus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- highscale shiners
  Luxilus chrysocephalus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- striped shiner
  Lynx rufus fasciatus Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid
  Lynx rufus floridanus Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid
  Macaca fascicularis (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Crab-eating Macaque, Long-tailed Macaque
  Macaca fascicularis fascicularis (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Common Long-tailed Macaque
  Macrorhynchus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Macrorhynchus mamertinus (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Macrostomum timavi Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Macrostomum tuba Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Macrostomum tuba tuba Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Macrostomum tubum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Maehrenthalia Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Maehrenthalia intermedia (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Maehrenthaliella intermedia (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Manis (Phataginus) Rafinesque, 1821 -- valid
  Manis ceonyx Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Manis tricuspis Rafinesque, 1821 -- valid -- Tree Pangolin
  Manis tricuspis tricuspis Rafinesque, 1821 -- valid
  Martes americana vulpina (Rafinesque, 1819) -- valid
  Mazama Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- brockets
  Megalonaias nervosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- washboard
  Melba dentipes Raffray, 1904 -- invalid
  Melicertus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1814 -- valid
  Melicertus tigrinus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1814 -- invalid
  Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- hakes
  Merolepis Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Mesodon Rafinesque, 1821 -- valid
  Mesomphix Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Mesomphix cupreus (Rafinesque, 1831) -- valid -- copper button
  Mesostoma banaticum Graff, 1875 -- invalid
  Mesostoma flavida Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Mesostoma montanum Graff, 1875 -- invalid
  Mesostoma nassanoffii Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Mesostoma neapolitanum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Mesostoma oscari Graff, 1903 -- invalid
  Mesostoma robertsoni Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Mesostoma splendida Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Mesostoma stimulosum Graff, 1903 -- valid
  Mesostoma truncatum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Metaptera Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Metaptera megaptera Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Microdalyella fairchildi (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyella rheesi (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyella rochesteriana (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyella rossi (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyella sillimani (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyellia articulata (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyellia dodgei (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyellia eastmani (Graff, 1911) -- invalid
  Microdalyellia fairchildi (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia mohicana (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia rheesi (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia rochesteriana (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia rossi (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia rossi rossi (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microdalyellia schmidtii (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Microdalyellia sillimani (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Microplana albicollis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Microplana atropurpurea (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Microplana ceylonica Graff, 1889 -- valid
  Microplana cockerelli (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Microplana pyrenaica (Graff, 1893) -- invalid
  Microplana scharffi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Microplana teres (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Microplana voeltzkowi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Micropodus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Micropoecilia minima (Costa and Sarraf, 1997) -- valid
  Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- valid -- spotted bass
  Microstomum davenporti Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Microstomum mundum Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Microstomum papillosum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Microstomum paradii Graff, 1913 -- valid
  Microstomum rubromaculatum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Microtus (Mynomes) Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid
  Minytrema melanops (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- spotted sucker
  Mobula Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- devil rays
  Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- Mediterranean ling
  Molva macropthalma (Rafinesque, 1810) -- invalid
  Monocelis fasciata Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Monocelis gamblei Graff, 1893 -- invalid
  Monocelis protractilis Graff, 1874 -- invalid
  Monocelis wilhelmii Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Monoceros Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Monochirus Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Monochirus hispidus Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Monoclida Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Monoclida kentukensis Rafinesque, 1822 -- invalid
  Monoclida retziana Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Monoophorum pleiocelis Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Monoophorum striatum (Graff, 1878) -- valid
  Monoophorum triste Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Monoporus Graff, 1891 -- invalid
  Monotus agilis Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Morone chrysops (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- bar blanc, white bass
  Moxostoma Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- redhorse suckers, redhorses
  Moxostoma anisurum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- chevalier blanc, silver redhorse
  Moxostoma erythrurum (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- golden redhorse
  Mundochthonius carpaticus Rafalski, 1948 -- valid
  Muntiacus Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- muntjaks
  Muscicapa latirostris Raffles, 1822 -- valid
  Muscicapa latirostris latirostris Raffles, 1822 -- valid
  Musculus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Musculus dichrurus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Musculus frugivorus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Mustela vulpina Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Mutela wistarmorrisi Graf & Cummings, 2006 -- valid
  Mycteria cinerea (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Milky Stork
  Myctophum Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Myctophum Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- lanterne ponctuée, spotted lanternfish, spotted laternfish
  Mydrosomella cleia Graf & Urban, 2001 -- valid
  Mynomes pratensis Rafinesque, 1817 -- invalid
  Myrmeciplana Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Myrmeciplana elegans Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Mytilidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Nallachius furcatus Pires Machado and Rafael, 2010 -- valid
  Nallachius potiguar Pires Machado and Rafael, 2010 -- valid
  Narceus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Narceus annularis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid
  Naucrates Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- pilotfishes
  Nearctitychus sternalis (Raffray, 1904) -- valid
  Necturus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- Mudpuppies, Waterdogs, Waterdogs & Mudpuppies
  Necturus maculatus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- invalid
  Necturus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- Mudpuppy, necture tacheté
  Necturus maculosus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- Common Mudpuppy, Mudpuppy, Waterdog
  Neobisium polonicum Rafalski, 1936 -- valid
  Neopachygaster occidentalis Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Neotyrus Raffray, 1895 -- valid
  Neritidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Nerophis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Nerophis maculatus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Nettastoma Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Nettastoma Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Nettastoma melanurum Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Nicothaeus Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Ninox scutulata (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Brown Hawk-Owl
  Ninox scutulata scutulata (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Notemigonus Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- golden shiners
  Notogynaphallia abundans (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Notogynaphallia bergi (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Notogynaphallia marginata (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Notogynaphallia modesta (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Notogynaphallia sexstriata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Notophthalmus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- Eastern Newts, North American Newts
  Notophthalmus viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Eastern Newt, triton vert
  Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Red-spotted Newt
  Notosacantha pakistanica Borowiec, Sultan and Rafi in Borowiec, Sultan, Rafi and Naz, 2008 -- valid
  Notropis Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- eastern shiners
  Notropis amblops (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- bigeye chub
  Notropis atherinoides Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- emerald shiner, méné émeraude
  Notropis chrysocephalus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- striped shiner
  Noturus Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- madtoms
  Noturus flavus Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- barbotte des rapides, stonecat
  Nycticeius Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- evening bats
  Nycticeius humeralis (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- evening bat, Evening Bat, Murciélago-crepuscular americano
  Nycticeius humeralis humeralis (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid
  Nycticorax melanolophus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Nymphalidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- admirals, anglewings, brush-footed butterflies, brushfoot butterflies, Brushfooted Butterflies, checker-spots, crescent-spots, fritillaries, mourningclocks, purples
  Nymphalinae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- True Brushfoots
  Nymphalini Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Nyssonus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Obama applanata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama argus (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama braunsi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama carrierei (Graff, 1897) -- valid
  Obama ferussaci (Graff, 1897) -- valid
  Obama fryi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama ladislavii (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama metzi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obama polyophthalma (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Obliquaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Obliquaria atroviolacea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria attenuata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria bullata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria calendis Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria cuprea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria cyphya Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria decorticata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria depressa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria ellipsaria fusca Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria fasciolaris fuscata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria fasciolaris interrupta Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria fasciolaris longa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria fasciolaris obliterata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria flava Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria flexuosa bullata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria interrupta Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria lateralis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria lineolata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria metanevra Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria nodulata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria obliquata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria plateolus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria quadrula Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria reflexa Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- three-horn wartyback, threehorn wartyback
  Obliquaria retusa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria rubra Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria rubra lineata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria rubra pallida Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria scalenia Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria sinuata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria teneltus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria triangularis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria triangularis nigrescens Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria venus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obliquaria verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Obovaria Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Obovaria cordata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria cordata rosea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria olivaria (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- hickorynut
  Obovaria pachostea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria stegaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria stegaria fasciolata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria stegaria tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria striata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria striata rosea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria striata tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- round hickorynut
  Obovaria torsa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Obovaria torsa marginata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Octopus didynamus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Octopus frayedus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Octopus heteropus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Octopus ruber Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Octopus tetradynamus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Ocypodidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- fiddler crabs, ghost crabs
  Ocypodoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Ocythoe Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Odatelia Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Odatelia radiata Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Odocoileus Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid -- mule deer, white-tailed deer
  Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid -- mule deer, Mule Deer, Venado bura
  Odocoileus hemionus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid -- black-tailed deer, Rocky Mountain mule deer
  Odocoileus virginianus macrourus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid
  Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- invalid -- sand tiger
  Olisthanella iphigeniae Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Olisthanella nassonoffii (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Olisthanella splendida (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Ommastrephes todarus (Rafinesque, 1814) -- invalid
  Ophichthus maculatus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Ophichthus rufus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Opistomum striatum Graff, 1878 -- invalid
  Opsanus Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid
  Orbidus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- valid -- spinycheek crayfish
  Oreamnos Rafinesque, 1817 -- valid -- mountain goats
  Oreamnos americanus dorsatus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- invalid
  Oreamnos americanus sericeus (Rafinesque, 1817) -- invalid
  Orthodemus albicollis (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Orthragus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Orthragus luna Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Orthragus oblongus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Ostreidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Othelosoma africanum (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Othelosoma notabile (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Othelosoma speciosum (Graff, 1896) -- valid
  Otomesostoma Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Otoplana chapuisi Graff, 1893 -- invalid
  Oxaea mourei Graf, 1993 -- valid
  Oxaea sooretama Graf and Urban, 2008 -- valid
  Oxycnemus latus Spornraft, 1971 -- invalid
  Oxynoe Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Oxynotus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Pachygaster characta Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Pachygaster montana Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Palaemonidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Palaemoninae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Palaemonoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Pandoridae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Paniscus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Paraba multicolor (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Paradoxurus hermaphroditus musanga (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Paramesostoma neapolitanum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Paravortex scrobiculariae (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Parus cinereus ambiguus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Pasipha chilensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pasipha splendida (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Passeridae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Patellidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Pectinidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Pegedictis ictalops Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pelecanidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- Pelicans
  Pelmatoplana Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Pelmatoplana blomefieldi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana bogoriensis Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Pelmatoplana braueri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pelmatoplana buettneri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana greeni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana guentheri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana humberti Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana ijimai Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana inflata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana maheensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pelmatoplana martensi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana moluccana Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Pelmatoplana sarasinorum Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana treubi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Pelmatoplana trimeni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Penaeidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- crevettes pénaéïdes, penaeid shrimps
  Penaeidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Penaeoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- crevettes pénaéïdes, penaeoid shrimps
  Penaeus (Melicertus) Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1814 -- invalid
  Pentias arimotoi Rafi, 1973 -- valid
  Pentidotea recta Rafi & Laubitz, 1990 -- valid
  Percina caprodes (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- fouille-roche zébré, logperch
  Pericrocotus divaricatus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Ashy Minivet
  Pericrocotus speciosus xanthogaster (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Perocephalus Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Perocephalus hilgendorfi Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Perocephalus ravenalae Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Perocephalus ravenalae bimaculata Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Perocephalus sikorai Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Perocephalus tamatavensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- souris à pattes blanches, White-footed Deermouse, White-footed Mouse
  Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Phaenicophaeus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Phaenocora agassizi Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Phaenocora salinarum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Phaenocora salinarum salinarum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Phaenoplana challengeri (Graff, 1892) -- valid
  Philactinoposthia saliens (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Philomycus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Philomycus flexuolaris Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- winding mantleslug
  Phonorhynchus Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Phonorhynchus mamertinus (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Phonygammus keraudrenii aruensis Cracraft, 1992 -- valid
  Phonygammus keraudrenii diamondi Cracraft, 1992 -- valid
  Phoxinus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- redbelly daces
  Phoxinus erythrogaster (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- southern redbelly dace
  Phronimidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Phronimoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Phyllidiidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Pimephales Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- bluntnose minnows
  Pimephales notatus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- bluntnose minnow, ventre-pourri
  Pimephales promelas Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- carpita cabezona, fathead minnow, tête-de-boule
  Pitta caerulea (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Giant Pitta
  Pitta caerulea caerulea (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Placobdella phalera (Graf, 1899) -- invalid
  Placocephalus Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Placocephalus bergendali Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus bleekeri Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus mollis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus murinus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus richtersi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus semperi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Placocephalus virchowi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Plagiola Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Plagiola lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Plagiostomidae Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Plagiostomum (Plicastoma) Graff, 1904 -- invalid
  Plagiostomum bimaculatum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Plagiostomum chromogastrum Graff, 1890 -- valid
  Plagiostomum cospicum Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Plagiostomum maculatum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Plagiostomum meledanum Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Plagiostomum morgani Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Plagiostomum ochroleucum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Plagiostomum philippinense Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Plagiostomum stellatum Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Plagiostomum sulphureum Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Plagiostomum whitmani Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Plagiostomum wilsoni Graff, 1911 -- valid
  Planaria limuli Graff, 1879 -- invalid
  Planctoplana Graff, 1892 -- invalid
  Planctoplana challengeri Graff, 1892 -- invalid
  Planocera grubei Graff, 1892 -- invalid
  Planocera simrothi Graff, 1892 -- invalid
  Platydemus Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Platydemus africanus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus albicinctus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus atropurpureus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus bivittatus Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Platydemus boholicus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus conspersus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus insularis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus kraepelini Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus leidyi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus lineolatus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus lividus Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Platydemus luteicollis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus macrophthalmus Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Platydemus miniatus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus septemstriatus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platydemus tabatteldili Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Platylophus galericulatus coronatus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Plessisia Graff, 1904 -- invalid
  Plethobasus cyphyus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- sheepnose
  Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Pleurobema cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- Ohio pigtoe
  Pleurobema cordatum cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pleurobema cuneata maculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pleurobema cuneata sulcata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pyramid pigtoe
  Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- round pigtoe
  Pleurocera Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid
  Pleurocera acuta Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid -- sharp hornsnail
  Pleuroloma Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Pleuroloma flavipes Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Plicastoma Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Plicastoma bimaculatum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Podarcis sicula (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- Italian Wall Lizard
  Podasys Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Pogaina murmanica (Graff, 1905) -- invalid
  Polychoerus langerhansi (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Polycystidae Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Polycystididae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Polycystidinae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Polycystis georgii Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Polycystis intubata Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Polycystis mamertinus (Graff, 1874) -- invalid
  Polycystis roosevelti Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Polymesoda Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Pomolobus Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pomolobus chrysochloris Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Pomoxis Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- crappies
  Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid -- white crappie
  Portunidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- swimming crabs
  Portunoidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Potamilus Rafinesque, 1818 -- valid
  Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Potamilus ohiensis (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pink papershell
  Presbytis melalophos (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Black-crested Sumatran Langur, mitred leaf monkey, Sumatran Surili
  Progyrator mamertinus (Graff, 1874) -- valid
  Promesostoma Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Promesostoma marmoratum nudum Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Promesostoma murmanica Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Promesostoma ovoideum purum Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Promesostoma solea inornatum Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Proplectus Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Proporidae Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Proporus venenosus violaceous Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Proptera Rafinesque, 1819 -- invalid
  Prorhexius Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Prostheceraeus flavomaculatus Graff, 1893 -- invalid
  Prostomum banaticum Graff, 1875 -- invalid
  Prostomum mamertinum Graff, 1874 -- invalid
  Provortex Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Provortex hispidus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Provortex littoralis Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Provortex tellinae Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Proxenetes cochlear Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Proxenetes cochlear uncinatus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Proxenetes gracilis Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Proxenetes modestus Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Proxenetes rosaceus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Proxenetes tuberculatus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Proxenetes uncinatus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Psenus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Pseudoceros dimidiatus Graff, 1893 -- valid
  Pseudoceros flavomaculatus (Graff, 1893) -- valid
  Pseudoceros kentii Graff, 1893 -- valid
  Pseudofustiger Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Pseudogeoplana albopunctata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana blanchardi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana bohlsi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana brittlebanki (Graff, 1897) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana collini (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana distincta (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana ehlersi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana eugeniae (Graff, 1897) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana goeldii (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana gollmeri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana halbani (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana nobilis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana oerstedi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana pardalina (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana perspicillata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana reticulata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana rostrata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana sagittata (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana stolli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudogeoplana taenioides (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Pseudomyicola spinosus (Raffaele and Monticelli, 1885) -- valid
  Pseudorhynchus Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Pseudostomidae Graff, 1904 -- valid
  Pseudostomum caecum (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Pseudostomum coecum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Pseudostomum dubium Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Pseudostomum klostermanni (Graff, 1874) -- valid
  Pseudotyrus Raffray, 1890 -- invalid
  Psilopyga lata (Spornraft, 1971) -- valid
  Pterosyna Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Ptychobranchus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- kidneyshell
  Ptychopera tuberculata (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Puma concolor oregonensis (Rafinesque, 1832) -- invalid
  Pycnoplectus infossus (Raffray, 1904) -- valid
  Pylodictis Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid -- flathead catfishes
  Pylodictis olivaris (Rafinesque, 1818) -- valid -- bagre piltonte, flathead catfish
  Quadrula Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Quadrula metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- monkeyface
  Quadrula nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- wartyback
  Quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- mapleleaf
  Quadrula quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Quadrula verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Rallina fasciata (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Red-legged Crake
  Ramelbida quadrifoveata (Raffray, 1903) -- valid
  Ramiellona lasiurus (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Ramiellona sauerlandti (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Ramiellona tecumumami vulcanicus (Graff, 1957) -- valid
  Rana clamitans melanota (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- Green Frog, Northern Green Frog
  Ranaria melanota Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Ranidae Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid -- Ranid Frogs, Ranids, Riparian Frogs, True Frogs
  Ratufa affinis (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Pale Giant Squirrel
  Ratufa affinis affinis (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Reichenbachia americana Raffray, 1904 -- invalid
  Reichenbachia appendiculata Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Reichenbachia appendiculata appendiculata Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Reichenbachia caseyi Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Reichenbachia chiricahuensis Raffray, 1904 -- valid
  Reichenbachia pygidialis Raffray, 1904 -- invalid
  Rhacophorus belalongensis Dehling and Grafe, 2008 -- valid
  Rhinoceros sumatranus Raffles, 1822 -- invalid
  Rhinortha chlorophaea (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Raffles's Malkoha
  Rhinortha chlorophaea chlorophaea (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Rhizomys sumatrensis (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Indomalayan Bamboo Rat, Large Bamboo Rat
  Rhopodytes sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Rhynchodemidae Graff, 1896 -- invalid
  Rhynchodeminae Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Rhynchodemini Graff, 1896 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus albicollis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus amboinensis Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus atropurpureus (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus belli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus blainvillei Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus boehmigi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus borelli Graff, 1894 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus chuni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus cultratus Graff, 1898 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus demani Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus excavatus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus figdori Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus hallezi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus hectori Graff, 1897 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus lineolatus (Graff, 1899) -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus lubbocki Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus michaelsoni Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus nolli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus ochroleucus Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus ochroleucus belli Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus ochroleucus ochroleucus Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus ochroleucus varians Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus pellucidus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus putzei Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus pyrenaicus Graff, 1893 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus rubrocinctus Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus scharffi Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus schmardai Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Rhynchodemus stenopus Graff, 1894 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus varians Graff, 1899 -- invalid
  Rhynchodemus vejdovskyi Graff, 1899 -- valid
  Ritulus Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Roncus crassipalpus Rafalski, 1949 -- valid
  Rotundaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Rutilus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Sanguinicolidae Graff, 1907 -- valid
  Scalenaria Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Scalopus aquaticus machrinus (Rafinesque, 1832) -- valid
  Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- shovelnose sturgeon
  Scarcina argyrea Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Scaridae Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- loros, parrotfishes, poissons-perroquets
  Schizorhynchidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Schizorhynchus tataricus Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Schultzia Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Scolopacidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- bécasseaux, Sandpipers, Snipes
  Scomber alletteratus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Scophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Scorpaena notata Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- scorpionfish
  Scyllaeidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Sebaga Raffray, 1891 -- valid
  Selista Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Semotilus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- creek chubs
  Silurus punctatus Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Simia carpolegus Raffles, 1821 -- invalid
  Simia syndactyla Raffles, 1821 -- invalid
  Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Sipunculus nudus tesselatus (Rafinesque, 1814) -- invalid
  Sipunculus tesselatus (Rafinesque, 1814) -- invalid
  Siren maculosus Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Sirena maculosa Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Sistrurus catenatus (Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1818) -- valid -- Massasauga, Víbora-cascabel pigmea-norteña
  Sistrurus catenatus catenatus (Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1818) -- invalid -- Eastern Massasauga
  Sisyra elongata Penny and Rafael, 1982 -- valid
  Solea Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Solea rhomboide Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Solenopharyngidae Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Solenopharynginae Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Solenopharynx Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Solenopharynx flavidus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Sparus gibbosus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- bonnethead sharks, hammerhead sharks
  Spicara Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Spilogale putorius interrupta (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid
  Spirulidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Squalus uyato Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Statomicroplana capensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana cockerelli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana ehrenbergi (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana fuliginea (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana haeckeli (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana knysensis (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana pyrenaica (Graff, 1893) -- valid
  Statomicroplana teres (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Statomicroplana zenkeri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Stenostomum sieboldi Graff, 1878 -- valid
  Stenostomum tenuicauda Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Stenostomum tenuicaudatum Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Stenotrema Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Sterna sumatrana Raffles, 1822 -- valid -- Black-naped Tern
  Sterna sumatrana sumatrana Raffles, 1822 -- valid
  Sthenoteuthis todarus (Rafinesque, 1814) -- invalid
  Stiphrornis erythrothorax sanghensis Beresford & Cracraft, 1999 -- valid
  Stizostedion Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid -- pikeperches
  Strix scutulata Raffles, 1822 -- invalid
  Strix sumatrana Raffles, 1822 -- invalid
  Strombidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Strophitus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Sturnidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid -- étourneaux, Starlings
  Stylochoplana challengeri (Graff, 1892) -- invalid
  Stylochoplana tarda (Graff, 1878) -- valid
  Stylochus tardus Graff, 1878 -- invalid
  Sudis Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Sudis Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Sudis hyalina Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Sulcularia Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Sulcularia badia Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Symphalangus syndactylus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Siamang
  Symphodus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Symphodus fulvescens Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Symphurus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- straightmouth tonguefishes
  Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid
  Symsagittifera roscoffensis (Graff, 1891) -- valid
  Syndesmis clypeasteris (Graff, 1882) -- invalid
  Synidotea cornuta Rafi & Laubitz, 1990 -- valid
  Synidotea minuta Rafi & Laubitz, 1990 -- valid
  Syphonia Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Syrinx tesselatus Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Tadarida Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid -- guano bats
  Tadarida teniotis (Rafinesque, 1814) -- valid -- European free-tailed bat, European Free-tailed Bat
  Tadarida teniotis teniotis (Rafinesque, 1814) -- valid
  Talitridae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Talthybius Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1815 -- invalid
  Tanygnathus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Blue-backed Parrot
  Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid
  Tasmanoplana balfouri (Graff, 1899) -- valid
  Tauridella iphigeniae (Graff, 1905) -- valid
  Telipomis cyannelus (Rafinesque, 1819) -- invalid
  Tephrodornis gularis (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Teredinidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Testudo lutaria Rafinesque, 1814 -- invalid
  Tethydidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Tethyidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Tethyidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Tetrapterus Rafinesque, 1810 -- invalid
  Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- spearfishes
  Tetrapturus belone Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- Mediterranean shortbill spearfish, Mediterranean spearfish
  Theliderma metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- monkeyface
  Thysanoplana Graff, 1916 -- invalid
  Todarus Rafinesque, 1840 -- invalid
  Tomoplectus Raffray, 1898 -- valid
  Toxolasma Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid
  Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Toxolasma cyclips fuscata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Toxolasma cyclips lutescens Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831 -- valid -- purple lilliput
  Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid -- purple lilliput
  Trachurus Rafinesque, 1810 -- valid -- saurels
  Trachypithecus cristatus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Silvered Langur, silvered leaf monkey, Silvery Lutung
  Trachypithecus cristatus cristatus (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Silvered Langur
  Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid -- roughsnout grenadier
  Tragulus kanchil (Raffles, 1821) -- valid -- Lesser Mouse-deer
  Tragulus kanchil kanchil (Raffles, 1821) -- valid
  Triatoma bahiensis Sherlock and Serafim, 1967 -- valid
  Triatoma lenti Sherlock and Serafim, 1967 -- valid
  Trigonostomidae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Trigonostominae Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Trigonostomum breitfussi (Graff, 1905) -- valid
  Trigonostomum brunchorsti Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Trigonostomum coronatum (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Trigonostomum intermedium Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Trigonostomum lilliei (Graff, 1911) -- valid
  Trigonostomum marki Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Trigonostomum setigerum album Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Trigonostomum setigerum lunulatum Graff, 1905 -- invalid
  Trimeresurus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- valid -- Sumatra Pit Viper
  Trimeresurus sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) -- invalid
  Trimiosella Raffray, 1898 -- valid
  Trinectes Rafinesque, 1832 -- valid -- scrawled soles
  Trinectes scabra Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Triodopsis Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Trisopterus Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Tritogonia nervosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid
  Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820) -- valid -- pistolgrip
  Triturus Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- alpine newts
  Triturus fuscus Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Triturus viridescens Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Trochidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Truncilla Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Truncilla metaplata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Truncilla metaplata vittata Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Truncilla triqueter Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid -- deertoe
  Truncilla truncata fusca Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Truncilla truncata vermiculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Tupaia Raffles, 1821 -- valid -- Tree Shrews
  Tupaia tana Raffles, 1821 -- valid -- Large Tree Shrew, Large Treeshrew
  Tupaia tana tana Raffles, 1821 -- valid
  Turbella klostermanni Graff, 1874 -- invalid
  Turbinidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Turbiniidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Tychobythus Raffray, 1904 -- invalid
  Tylodina Rafinesque, 1814 -- valid
  Tylosurus acus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810) -- valid
  Tylosurus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810) -- invalid
  Unicornus Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Unio aurata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio compressus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Unio cultratus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Unio dilatata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio elliptica Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fasciata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fasciata alternata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fasciata cuprea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fasciata nigrofasciata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fragilis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio fragilis fuscata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio latissima Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio leptodon Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio leptodon olivacea Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio leptodon semiradiata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio levigata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio nervosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio nigra Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio nigra fusca Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio nigra maculata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831 -- invalid
  Unio solenoides Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio solenoides interrupta Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio solenoides nodosa Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio teres Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio viridis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio viridis fuscata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio viridis radiata Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unio zonalis Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid
  Unionea Rafinesque, 1815 -- invalid
  Unionidae Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Unioninae Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Unionini Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Unionoidea Rafinesque, 1820 -- valid
  Uraeotyphlus gansi Gower, Rafendran, Nussbaum and Wilkinson, 2008 -- valid
  Urastoma cyprinae (Graff, 1882) -- valid
  Uronyx Rafinesque, 1832 -- invalid
  Utelga sophiae (Graff, 1905) -- invalid
  Vampyrum Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Vejdovskya Graff, 1905 -- valid
  Vejdovskya murmanica (Graff, 1905) -- valid
  Veneridae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Veneroidea Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Vermetidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Vespertilio humeralis Rafinesque, 1818 -- invalid
  Volutidae Rafinesque, 1815 -- valid
  Vortex hallezi Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Vortex lanceolatus Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Vortex millportensis Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Vortex schmidtii Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Vortex selenops Graff, 1882 -- invalid
  Vortex semperi Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Vortex sexdentatus Graff, 1882 -- valid
  Woodsholia Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Woodsholia lilliei Graff, 1911 -- invalid
  Xolotrema Rafinesque, 1819 -- valid
  Zabrachia albipila Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia albipilum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia beameri Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia cornutum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia hebicornuta Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia hebicornutum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia knowltoni Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia lopha Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia lophum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia microcephalum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia parva Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia parvum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zabrachia plicata Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- invalid
  Zabrachia plicatum Kraft & Cook, 1961 -- valid
  Zorotypus amazonensis Rafael and Engel, 2006 -- valid
  Zorotypus caxiuana Rafael, Godoi and Engel, 2008 -- valid
 
 Kingdom Plantae
  Abies heterophylla Raf. -- not accepted
  Acalypha digyneia Raf. -- not accepted
  Acalypha rhomboidea Raf. -- accepted -- common threeseed mercury, Virginia threeseed mercury
  Acalypha virginica var. rhomboidea (Raf.) Cooperr. -- not accepted -- Virginia threeseed mercury
  Acerates viridiflora (Raf.) Pursh ex Eaton -- not accepted
  Achillea gracilis Raf. -- not accepted
  Achillea millefolium var. gracilis (Raf.) Raf. ex DC. -- not accepted
  Achillea occidentalis (DC.) Raf. ex Rydb. -- not accepted
  Acmispon Raf. -- accepted
  Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- belle-angélique, sweet-flag, sweetflag
  Acorus calamus var. americanus Raf. -- not accepted
  Acorus calamus var. americanus (Raf.) H. Wulff -- not accepted
  Adenorima Raf. -- not accepted
  Adenorima punicea (Sw.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Adicea pumila (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Adlumia Raf. ex DC. -- accepted
  Adventina Raf., 1836 -- not accepted
  Adventina ciliata Raf. -- not accepted
  Aesculus discolor var. mollis (Raf.) Sarg. -- not accepted
  Agalinis Raf. -- accepted -- false foxglove
  Agalinis aphylla (Nutt.) Raf. -- accepted -- scaleleaf false foxglove
  Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Raf. -- accepted -- beach false foxglove
  Agalinis filifolia (Nutt.) Raf. -- accepted -- Seminole false foxglove
  Agalinis laevigata (Raf.) S.F. Blake -- not accepted
  Agalinis levigata (Raf.) S.F. Blake -- not accepted
  Agalinis maritima (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- saltmarsh false foxglove, seaside gerardia
  Agalinis maritima var. maritima (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- saltmarsh false foxglove
  Agalinis obtusifolia Raf. -- accepted -- tenlobe false foxglove
  Agalinis plukenetii (Elliott) Raf. -- accepted -- Chattahoochee false foxglove
  Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf. -- accepted -- threadleaf false foxglove
  Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. -- accepted -- slender-leaf false foxglove, slenderleaf false foxglove
  Agalinis tenuifolia ssp. leucanthera (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Agalinis tenuifolia var. leucanthera (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted -- slenderleaf false foxglove
  Agalinis tenuifolia var. tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. -- not accepted -- slenderleaf false foxglove
  Agalinis virgata Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma angustifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma ciliata Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma corollata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma corollata var. angustifolia (Elliott) Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma graminifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Agaloma purpurea Raf. -- not accepted
  Agardhiella subulata (C. Agardh) Kraft and Wynne -- accepted
  Agastianis Raf. -- not accepted
  Agoseris Raf. -- accepted -- agoseris, mountain dandelion
  Agoseris cuspidata (Pursh) Raf. -- not accepted
  Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- pale agoseris, pale dandelion, prairie dandelion
  Agoseris glauca var. glauca (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- pale agoseris
  Aira obtusa Raf. -- not accepted
  Aklema Raf. -- not accepted
  Aklema nudiflora (Lam.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Alagophylla dasyanthes Raf. -- not accepted
  Alisma plantago-aquatica ssp. subcordatum (Raf.) Hultén -- not accepted
  Alisma subcordatum Raf. -- accepted -- alisma subcorde, American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain
  Allamanda cathartica var. grandiflora (Aubl.) L.H. Bailey & Raffill -- not accepted
  Allium acetabulum (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Allobia Raf. -- not accepted
  Allobia portlandica (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Alloiatheros Elliott ex Raf. -- not accepted
  Alloiatheros aristatus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Almana hirsuta (Lindl.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Amagris Raf. -- not accepted
  Amaranthus pumilus Raf. -- accepted -- Seabeach amaranth, seaside amaranth
  Amarella acuta (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ametron Raf. -- not accepted
  Ametron pedatum (Sm.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ammannia teres Raf. -- not accepted
  Ampelamus Raf. -- not accepted
  Amsonia ciliata var. tenuifolia (Raf.) Woodson -- accepted -- fringed bluestar
  Andropogon arenaceus Raf. -- not accepted
  Antenoron Raf. -- accepted
  Anthipsimus Raf. -- not accepted
  Anthipsimus gonopodus Raf. -- not accepted
  Anthopogon crinitum (Froel.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Anthurium cordifolium (Raf.) Kunth. -- not accepted
  Anychia polygonoides Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplarina Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplarina microphylla (Lam.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplarina prostrata (Aiton) Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplexia Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplexia virgata Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Aplexia virginica Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Aplocera Raf. -- not accepted
  Aplocera maritima Raf. -- not accepted
  Aploleia Raf. -- not accepted
  Aristida geniculata Raf. -- not accepted
  Aristida longespica var. geniculata (Raf.) Fernald -- accepted
  Aristida longispica var. geniculata (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted -- red threeawn, slimspike threeawn
  Arivela Raf. -- accepted -- spiderflower
  Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- Asian spiderflower
  Arnoglossum Raf. -- accepted -- arnoglossum, Indian plaintain, Indian plantain
  Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf. -- accepted -- arnoglossum, groovestem Indian plantain
  Aruncus vulgaris (Maxim.) Raf. ex H. Hara -- not accepted
  Asclepias latifolia (Torr.) Raf. -- accepted -- broadleaf milkweed, corn-kernel milkweed
  Asclepias viridiflora Raf. -- accepted -- green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed
  Asemeia Raf. -- accepted
  Asimina angustifolia Raf. -- not accepted -- slimleaf pawpaw
  Asperella echidnea Raf. -- not accepted
  Aster pratensis Raf. -- not accepted
  Aster pratensis var. texicola Raf. -- not accepted
  Astranthium ciliatum (Raf.) G.L. Nesom -- accepted -- Comanche western-daisy, entireleaf western daisy
  Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum (Raf.) DeJong -- not accepted -- entireleaf western daisy
  Astranthium integrifolium var. ciliatum (Raf.) Larsen -- not accepted
  Astranthium integrifolium var. triflorum (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Astranthuim integrifolium var. ciliatum (Raf.) DeJong -- not accepted
  Atriplex calotheca (Rafn) Fr. -- accepted -- halberdleaf orach
  Atriplex dioica Raf. -- accepted -- saline saltbush
  Atriplex mucronata Raf. -- accepted -- quelite
  Aureolaria Raf. -- accepted -- false foxglove
  Aureolaria flava ssp. reticulata (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Aureolaria flava var. reticulata (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Aureolaria laevigata (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted -- entireleaf yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria levigata (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- entireleaf yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell -- accepted -- fernleaf yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria pedicularia var. pedicularia (L.) Raf. -- not accepted -- fernleaf yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria reticulata Raf. -- not accepted
  Azalea fragrans Raf. -- not accepted
  Bacopa acuminata var. microphylla (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Baptisia cinerea (Raf.) Fernald & B.G. Schub. -- accepted -- grayhairy wild indigo
  Baptisia lactea (Raf.) Thieret -- accepted -- white wild indigo
  Baptisia lactea var. lactea (Raf.) Thieret -- accepted -- largeleaf wild indigo
  Bartonia verna (Michx.) Raf. ex Barton -- accepted -- white screwstem
  Bennetia Raf. -- not accepted
  Bennetia juncea Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Besseya cinerea (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Bivonea stimulosa (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Blephariglotis cristata Raf. -- not accepted
  Blephariglottis cristata Raf. -- not accepted
  Blephilia Raf. -- accepted -- pagoda-plant
  Blutaparon Raf. -- accepted
  Boechera dentata (Raf.) Al-Shehbaz & Zarucchi -- accepted -- Short's rockcress
  Brachychaeta sphacelata (Raf.) Britton -- not accepted
  Brassica rupestris Raf. -- accepted -- mustard
  Braxilia parvifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Bulbilis Raf. ex Kuntze -- not accepted
  Bulbilis dactyloides (Nutt.) Raf. ex Kuntze -- not accepted
  Bumelia rufa Raf. -- not accepted
  Burshia humilis Raf. -- not accepted
  Cacalia paniculata Raf. -- not accepted
  Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Cacalia pteranthes Raf. -- not accepted
  Cacalia rotundifolia (Raf.) House -- not accepted
  Cactus humifusus Raf. -- not accepted
  Callisia graminifolia (Raf.) D.R. Hunt -- not accepted
  Callitriche terrestris Raf. -- accepted -- terrestrial water-starwort, terrestrial waterstarwort
  Camassia esculenta (Raf.) Cory -- not accepted
  Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory -- accepted -- Atlantic camas
  Capnoides flavulum (Raf.) Kuntze -- not accepted
  Caraxeron vermiculare (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Caraxeron vermicularis (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Castanea americana (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Caularthron Raf. -- accepted
  Caularthron bicornutum (Hook.) Raf. -- accepted
  Cayaponia quinqueloba (Raf.) Shinners -- accepted -- fivelobe cucumber
  Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. -- accepted -- céanothe à feuilles étroites, inland ceanothus, Jersey tea, prairie redroot
  Celtis canina Raf. -- not accepted
  Celtis occidentalis var. canina (Raf.) Sarg. -- not accepted -- common hackberry
  Centaurium erythraea Rafn -- accepted -- European centaury
  Cephalanthus occidentalis var. pubescens Raf. -- not accepted
  Cerastium arvense ssp. velutinum (Raf.) Ugbor. -- not accepted -- field chickweed
  Cerastium arvense ssp. velutinum var. velutinum (Raf.) Britton -- not accepted -- field chickweed
  Cerastium arvense var. bracteatum (Raf.) MacMill. -- not accepted
  Cerastium arvense var. velutinum (Raf.) Britton -- not accepted -- field chickweed
  Cerastium bracteatum Raf. -- not accepted
  Cerastium nutans Raf. -- accepted -- common chickweed, longstem chickweed, nodding chickweed, nodding mouse-ear chickweed
  Cerastium nutans var. nutans Raf. -- accepted -- nodding chickweed
  Cerastium velutinum Raf. -- accepted -- large field mouse-ear chickweed
  Cerastium velutinum var. velutinum Raf. -- accepted -- large field mouse-ear chickweed
  Cercocarpus montanus Raf. -- accepted -- alderleaf cercocarpus, alderleaf mountain-mahogany, birchleaf mountain-mahogany, mountain-mahogany, true mountain-mahogany
  Cercocarpus montanus var. montanus Raf. -- not accepted -- alderleaf mountain-mahogany, Arizona mountain-mahogany, birchleaf mountain-mahogany
  Chamaesenna (DC.) Raf. ex Pittier -- not accepted
  Chamaesyce missurica (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted -- Missouri spurge, prairie sandmat
  Chamaesyce supina (Raf.) H. Hara -- not accepted
  Chamaesyce supina (Raf.) Moldenke -- not accepted
  Chamaesyce vermiculata (Raf.) House -- not accepted -- worm-seed sandmat, wormseed sandmat
  Chamerion Raf. ex Holub -- accepted -- fireweed
  Chelone glabra var. elatior Raf. -- not accepted
  Chelone montana (Raf.) Pennell & Wherry -- not accepted
  Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf. -- accepted -- giant-seed goosefoot, mapleleaf goosefoot
  Chloammia Raf. -- not accepted
  Chrysobalanus incanus Raf. -- not accepted
  Chrysobalanus retusus Raf. -- not accepted
  Cladrastis Raf. -- accepted -- yellowwood
  Cleome speciosa Raf. -- not accepted -- volantines preciosos
  Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis -- accepted -- volantines preciosos
  Clintonia Raf. -- accepted -- bluebead
  Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf. -- accepted -- bluebead
  Cochleanthes Raf. -- accepted
  Cogswellia villosa (Raf.) Schult. -- not accepted
  Columnea bicolor Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Comarum palustre ssp. angustifolium (Raf.) Tzvelev -- not accepted
  Convallaria majalis var. montana (Raf.) H.E. Ahles -- accepted
  Convallaria montana Raf. -- not accepted
  Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- spotted coralroot, summer coralroot
  Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- summer coralroot
  Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted -- Raíz-de-coral manchada, spotted coralroot, summer coralroot
  Corallorrhiza maculata var. maculata (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted -- summer coralroot
  Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua (Raf.) J.S. Wilson -- accepted -- silky dogwood
  Cornus obliqua Raf. -- not accepted -- silky dogwood
  Corydalis flavula (Raf.) DC. -- accepted -- pale corydalis, yellow fumewort
  Cotinus obovatus Raf. -- accepted -- American smoketree
  Critesion Raf. -- not accepted
  Critesion geniculatum Raf. -- not accepted
  Croptilon Raf. -- accepted -- scratchdaisy
  Croptilon divaricatum (Nutt.) Raf. -- accepted -- goldenweed, slender scratchdaisy
  Crotalaria pilosa Raf. -- not accepted -- hairy rattlebox
  Cubelium concolor (T.F. Forst.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyathophora Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyathophora ciliata Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyathophora heterophyla (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyathophora picta Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyclactis Raf. -- not accepted
  Cylactis lyncemontana Raf. -- not accepted
  Cylactis montana Raf. -- not accepted
  Cylactis pubescens (Raf.) W.A. Weber -- not accepted
  Cymopterus Raf. -- accepted -- springparsley
  Cymopterus acaulis Raf. -- not accepted -- plains spring parsley, plains springparsley, stemless springparsley, wild parsley
  Cymopterus acaulis var. acaulis Raf. -- not accepted -- plains spring-parsley, plains springparsley
  Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Cypripedium furcatum Raf. -- not accepted
  Cyrilla parvifolia Raf. -- not accepted -- littleleaf titi
  Cyrilla racemiflora var. parvifolia (Raf.) E.A. Murray -- not accepted -- littleleaf cyrilla
  Dactylanthes medusa Raf. -- not accepted
  Darwinia exaltata Raf. -- not accepted
  Dasiola Raf. -- not accepted
  Dasiola elliotea Raf. -- not accepted
  Dasiphora Raf. -- accepted -- shrubby cinquefoil
  Dasiphora floribunda (Pursh) Raf. -- not accepted -- shrubby cinquefoil
  Dasistoma Raf. -- accepted
  Dasistoma laevigata (Raf.) Chapm. -- not accepted
  Dasistoma levigata (Raf.) Chapm. -- not accepted
  Dasistoma macrophylla (Nutt.) Raf. -- accepted -- mullein foxglove, mullein seymeria
  Dasystephana tenuifolia (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Delonix Raf. -- accepted
  Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf. -- accepted -- royal poinciana
  Dematra Raf. -- not accepted
  Dematra sericea Raf. -- not accepted
  Dendropogon usneoides (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Dendrosicus Raf. -- not accepted
  Desmonema Raf. -- not accepted
  Desmonema hirta (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Diaperia verna (Raf.) Morefield -- accepted -- spring pygmycudweed
  Diaperia verna var. verna (Raf.) Morefield -- accepted -- spring pygmycudweed
  Diarina Raf. -- not accepted
  Diarina festucoides Raf. -- not accepted
  Diarina sylvatica Raf. -- not accepted
  Diarrhena festucoides (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Didiplis Raf. -- accepted
  Dilepyrum Raf. -- not accepted
  Dilomilis Raf. -- accepted
  Dimeiostemon Raf. -- not accepted
  Dimeiostemon macrurus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Dimeiostemon tetrastachys Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Dimeiostemon vaginatus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Dimesia Raf. -- not accepted
  Dimesia fragrans Raf. -- not accepted
  Dimesia monticola (Bigelow) Raf. -- not accepted
  Dimesia monticola Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Dimorphocarpa candicans (Raf.) Rollins -- accepted -- Palmer's spectaclepod
  Diplocea Raf. -- not accepted
  Diplocea barbata Raf. -- not accepted
  Distichlis Raf. -- accepted -- saltgrass
  Distichlis maritima Raf. -- not accepted
  Distichlis nodosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditremexa ligustrina (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditritra Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditritra hirta (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditritra obliqua Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditritra rotundifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Ditrysinia Raf. -- accepted -- Sebastian-bush
  Dodecatheon pulchellum (Raf.) Merr. -- not accepted -- dark-throat shootingstar, darkthroat shootingstar, southern shootingstar
  Dodecatheon pulchellum ssp. pulchellum (Raf.) Merr. -- not accepted -- darkthroat shootingstar
  Drosera filiformis Raf. -- accepted -- threadleaf sundew
  Drosera filiformis var. filiformis Raf. -- not accepted -- threadleaf sundew
  Dyctisperma Raf. -- not accepted
  Eatonia Raf. -- not accepted
  Eatonia purpurascens Raf. -- not accepted
  Elephantopus flexuosus Raf. -- not accepted
  Eleusine aegyptia Raf. -- not accepted
  Eleusine egyptia Raf. -- not accepted
  Eltroplectris Raf. -- accepted
  Eltroplectris acuminata Raf. -- not accepted
  Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey -- accepted -- bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass
  Elymus elymoides ssp. elymoides (Raf.) Swezey -- accepted -- bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail
  Empetrum nigrum var. purpureum (Raf.) A. DC. -- not accepted
  Endallex Raf. -- not accepted
  Endallex arundinacea Raf. -- not accepted
  Endallex arundinaceae Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Endodia Raf. -- not accepted
  Endodia lenticularis Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Endoisila Raf. -- not accepted
  Endoisila myrsinites (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Endorima uniflora (Nutt.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Enemion Raf. -- accepted -- false rue anemone
  Enemion biternatum Raf. -- accepted -- eastern false rue anemone
  Engelmannia peristenia (Raf.) Goodman & C.A. Lawson -- accepted -- Engelmann's daisy
  Entwisleia F.J. Scott, G.W. Saunders & Kraft -- accepted
  Entwisleia bella F.J. Scott, G.W. Saunders & Kraft -- accepted
  Epilobium ciliatum Raf. -- accepted -- fringed willowherb, hairy willowherb, hairy willowweed
  Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Raf. -- accepted -- coast willowweed, fringed willowherb
  Epilobium densum Raf. -- not accepted
  Epilobium leptophyllum Raf. -- accepted -- bog willowherb, linearleaf willowweed
  Equisetum praealtum Raf. -- not accepted
  Erechtites Raf. -- accepted -- burnweed
  Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. -- not accepted -- burnweed
  Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. -- not accepted -- American burnweed
  Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. -- not accepted -- American burnweed
  Erechtites hieraciifolia var. praealta (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC. -- accepted -- American burnweed, burnweed
  Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC. -- accepted -- American burnweed
  Eriphia lutea (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Eriphia pallida Raf. -- not accepted
  Erochloe Raf. -- not accepted
  Erochloe amabilis Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Euphorbia hyberna ssp. gibelliana (Peola) Raffaelli -- accepted
  Euphorbia leucoloma Raf. -- not accepted
  Euphorbia missurica Raf. -- accepted -- Missouri spurge, prairie sandmat, prairie spurge
  Euphorbia missurica var. missurica Raf. -- not accepted -- prairie spurge
  Euphorbia papillaris (Boiss.) Raffaelli & Ricceri -- accepted
  Euphorbia purpurea (Raf.) Fernald -- accepted -- Darlington's glade spurge, Darlington's spurge
  Euphorbia supina Raf. -- not accepted
  Euphorbia vermiculata Raf. -- accepted -- wormseed sandmat, wormseed spurge
  Euphorbia X uniflora Raf. -- accepted
  Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Eutrochium Raf. -- accepted
  Evax verna Raf. -- not accepted -- spring pygmy-cudweed, spring pygmycudweed
  Evax verna var. verna Raf. -- not accepted -- spring pygmy-cudweed, spring pygmycudweed
  Filago verna (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Fimbrolina incarnata (Aubl.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Frasera verticillata Raf. -- not accepted
  Fumaria flavula Raf. -- not accepted
  Galearis Raf. -- accepted
  Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- galéaris remarquable, showy orchid, showy orchis
  Galinsoga ciliata auct. non (Raf.) S.F. Blake -- not accepted
  Galinsoga ciliata (Raf.) S.F. Blake -- not accepted -- shaggy soldier
  Genista aetnensis (Raf. ex Biv.) DC. -- accepted -- Mt. Etna broom
  Gentiana clausa Raf. -- accepted -- bottle gentian
  Gentianopsis virgata (Raf.) Holub -- accepted -- lesser fringed gentian
  Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata (Raf.) Holub -- accepted -- lesser fringed gentian
  Gerardia flava var. reticulata (Raf.) Cory -- not accepted
  Gerardia laevigata Raf. -- not accepted
  Gerardia leucanthera Raf. -- not accepted
  Gerardia levigata Raf. -- not accepted
  Gerardia maritima Raf. -- not accepted
  Gerardia obtusifolia (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Gerardia tenuifolia ssp. leucanthera (Raf.) Pennell -- not accepted
  Gerardia tenuifolia var. leucanthera (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Geum vernum (Raf.) Torr. & A. Gray -- accepted -- heartleaf avens, spring avens
  Gibasis Raf. -- accepted -- bridalveil
  Glandiloba (Raf.) Steud. -- not accepted
  Glycanthes scandens (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Gonolobus biflorus Raf. -- not accepted
  Gonotheca helianthoides (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. -- accepted -- Goodyera del norte, rattlesnake plantain, western rattlesnake plantain
  Gratiola brevifolia Raf. -- accepted -- sticky hedgehyssop
  Gratiola lutea Raf. -- not accepted
  Guincula Raf. -- not accepted
  Guincula lobata (Torr.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Habenaria bicolor (Raf.) Beckner -- not accepted
  Hasteola Raf. -- accepted -- false Indian plaintain, false Indian plantain
  Hedyotis crassifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Hedyotis rosea Raf. -- not accepted
  Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock -- accepted -- bitter sneezeweed, yellowdicks
  Helenium amarum var. amarum (Raf.) H. Rock -- accepted -- yellowdicks
  Helenium flexuosum Raf. -- accepted -- purplehead sneezeweed
  Helianthus hirsutus Raf. -- accepted -- hairy sunflower
  Hemieva Raf. -- not accepted
  Hemieva ranunculifolia (Hook.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Hemiscola Raf. -- accepted -- spiderflower
  Hemiscola aculeata (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- prickly spiderflower
  Hemiscola aculeata var. aculeata (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- prickly spiderflower
  Herpetica alata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Hexalectris Raf. -- accepted -- crested coralroot
  Hexastylis Raf. -- accepted -- heartleaf
  Hicoria tomentosa (Lam. ex Poir.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Hordeum elymoides (Raf.) Schenck -- not accepted
  Houstonia rosea (Raf.) Terrell -- accepted -- rose bluet
  Hydatica petiolaris (Raf.) Small -- not accepted
  Hydrolea uniflora Raf. -- accepted -- oneflower false fiddleleaf, oneflower hydrolea
  Hymenocallis floridana (Raf.) C.V. Morton -- not accepted -- Florida spiderlily
  Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners -- accepted -- spiderlily, spring spiderlily
  Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Hypogon verticillata Raf. -- not accepted
  Hypogon verticillatus Raf. -- not accepted
  Hyptis alata (Raf.) Shinners -- accepted -- clustered bushmint
  Iberis candicans Raf. -- not accepted
  Ibidium plantagineum (Raf.) House -- not accepted
  Ilysanthes Raf. -- not accepted
  Ilysanthes monticola (Nutt.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ioxylon pomiferum Raf. -- not accepted
  Ipheion Raf. -- accepted
  Ipheion uniflorum (Lindl.) Raf. -- not accepted -- springstar
  Ipomoea X multifida (Raf.) Shinners -- accepted -- cardinal climber, morningglory
  Iris brevicaulis Raf. -- accepted -- zigzag iris
  Isopyrum biternatum (Raf.) Torr. & A. Gray -- not accepted
  Isotria Raf. -- accepted -- fiveleaf orchid
  Isotria medeoloides (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- green fiveleaf orchid, small whorled pogonia
  Isotria verticillata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf. -- accepted -- large whorled pogonia, purple fiveleaf orchid
  Juniperus depressa (Pursh) Raf. -- not accepted
  Kanopikon Raf. -- not accepted
  Kanopikon atropurpureum (Brouss. ex Willd.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma ciliata Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma corifolia (Lam.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma cyparissias (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma diversifolia (Poir.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma echinocarpa Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma esula (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma exigua (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma falcata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma genistoides (P.J. Bergius) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma lathyris (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma leptophylla (Vill.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma lucida (Waldst. & Kit.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma oleracea (Pers.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma pallida (Willd.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma peplus (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma provincialis (Willd.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma pungens (Lam.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma reniformis Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma retusa (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma rubra (Cav.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma segetalis (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma seguieri (Scop.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma spathulata (Lam.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma squamosa (Willd.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma sylvatica (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Keraselma virgata (Waldst. & Kit.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Kobiosis Raf. -- not accepted
  Krigia caespitosa (Raf.) K.L. Chambers -- accepted -- weedy dwarfdandelion
  Krigia caespitosa var. caespitosa (Raf.) K.L. Chambers -- accepted
  Krigia cespitosa (Raf.) K.L. Chambers -- not accepted -- weedy dwarfdandelion
  Krigia oppositifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Kuhnia eupatorioides var. angustifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Kuhnia eupatorioides var. pyramidalis Raf. -- not accepted
  Lacanthis Raf. -- not accepted
  Lacanthis splendens (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Laothoe pomeridiana (DC.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Lapithea capitata (Raf.) Small -- not accepted
  Lasallea sericea ssp. pratensis (Raf.) Semple & L. Brouillet -- not accepted
  Lechea mucronata Raf. -- accepted -- hairy pinweed
  Lechea pulchella Raf. -- accepted -- Leggett's pinweed
  Lechea pulchella var. pulchella Raf. -- accepted -- Leggett's pinweed
  Lechea sessiliflora Raf. -- accepted -- pineland pinweed
  Leersia virgata Raf. -- not accepted
  Leiandra Raf. -- not accepted
  Leiandra cordifolia (Sw.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Lepadena Raf. -- not accepted
  Lepadena leucoloma (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Lepianthes Raf. -- not accepted
  Lepianthes peltata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted -- monkey's hand
  Lepianthes umbellata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted -- baquina
  Leptamnium virginianum (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Leptilon divaricatum (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Limonium nashii var. albiflorum (Raf.) House -- not accepted
  Lindernia dubia var. riparia (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Linum imbricatum (Raf.) Shinners -- accepted -- toothed flax, tufted flax
  Lomatium Raf. -- accepted -- biscuitroot, desertparsley, Indianroot
  Lomelosia Raf. -- accepted
  Lomelosia palaestina (L.) Raf. -- accepted
  Lomelosia stellata (L.) Raf. -- accepted
  Lonicera reticulata Raf. -- accepted -- grape honeysuckle
  Lophalix bicolor Raf. -- not accepted
  Lophalix coccinea (Aubl.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Lophobios Raf. -- not accepted
  Lophobios cristata (B. Heyne ex Roth) Raf. -- not accepted
  Lophobios terracina (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Ludwigia hirtella Raf. -- accepted -- spindleroot
  Luronium Raf. -- accepted
  Luronium natans (L.) Raf. -- accepted
  Luzula acuminata Raf. -- accepted -- hairy woodrush
  Luzula acuminata ssp. acuminata Raf. -- not accepted -- hairy woodrush
  Luzula acuminata var. acuminata Raf. -- accepted -- hairy woodrush
  Lychnis furcata (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Lycopus amplectens Raf. -- accepted -- clasping water horehound
  Lygodesmia tenuifolia (Raf.) Shinners -- not accepted
  Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. -- accepted -- bois d'arc, osage orange, osage-orange
  Macronax Raf. -- not accepted
  Macuillamia obovata Raf. -- not accepted
  Macuillamia rotundifolia (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. -- accepted -- Oregon crab apple, Oregon crabapple
  Mammea odorata (Raf.) Kosterm. -- accepted
  Manteia Raf. -- not accepted
  Marshallia graminifolia ssp. tenuifolia (Raf.) L. Watson -- not accepted
  Marshallia graminifolia var. tenuifolia (Raf.) L. Watson -- not accepted -- grassleaf Barbara's buttons
  Marshallia tenuifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Matelea biflora (Raf.) Woodson -- accepted -- star milkvine, two flowered matelea, twoflower milkvine
  Mayzea Raf. -- not accepted
  Mayzea cerealis Raf. -- not accepted
  Mayzea cerealis var. gigantia Raf. -- not accepted
  Mecardonia acuminata var. microphylla (Raf.) Pennell -- accepted -- axilflower
  Megapleilis tuberosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Melandrium furcatum (Raf.) Hadac -- not accepted
  Menyanthes trifoliata var. minor Raf. -- not accepted
  Merathrepta Raf. -- not accepted
  Merathrepta spicata Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Mesadenia atriplicifolia (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Mesadenia lanceolata (Nutt.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Mesadenia reniformis (Hook.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Mesynium imbricatum (Raf.) W.A. Weber -- not accepted
  Micranthes petiolaris (Raf.) Bush -- accepted -- Michaux's saxifrage
  Miegia arundinaria Raf. -- not accepted
  Mikania angulosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Misopates Raf. -- accepted
  Misopates orontium (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- linearleaf snapdragon
  Monarda rigida Raf. -- not accepted
  Monarda virgata Raf. -- not accepted
  Monathera Raf. -- not accepted
  Monilistus monilifera (Aiton) Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Morus rubra var. tomentosa (Raf.) Bureau -- not accepted -- red mulberry
  Moulinsia Raf. -- not accepted
  Moulinsia lanosa Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Murtekias Raf. -- not accepted
  Murtekias myrsinites (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Musineon Raf. -- accepted -- wildparsley
  Musineon divaricatum (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- leafy musineon, leafy wild parsley, leafy wildparsley, wildparsley
  Musineon divaricatum var. divaricatum (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- leafy wildparsley
  Myrica heterophylla Raf. -- not accepted -- evergreen bayberry, southern bayberry
  Myrica pusilla Raf. -- not accepted
  Myriophyllum humile (Raf.) Morong -- accepted -- low water-milfoil, low watermilfoil, myriophylle menu
  Neisosperma Raf. -- not accepted
  Nemopanthus Raf. -- not accepted -- nemopanthus
  Nemophila triloba (Raf.) Thieret -- not accepted
  Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach -- accepted -- southern twayblade
  Nestegis Raf. -- accepted
  Nestronia Raf. -- accepted
  Nestronia umbellula Raf. -- accepted -- leechbrush
  Nevroctola Raf. -- not accepted
  Nevroctola maritima Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Nevroctola paniculata Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Nevroloma Raf. -- not accepted
  Nevroloma canadensis (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Nezera imbricata Raf. -- not accepted
  Nisomenes Raf. -- not accepted
  Nisomenes diffusa (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Notonema Raf. -- not accepted
  Notonema agrostoides Raf. ex Merr. -- not accepted
  Notonema arachnoides Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Oenothera pilosella Raf. -- accepted -- meadow evening primrose, meadow evening-primrose, meadow eveningprimrose
  Oenothera pilosella ssp. pilosella Raf. -- accepted -- meadow evening primrose, meadow evening-primrose
  Oligoneuron grandiflorum (Raf.) Small -- not accepted
  Olsynium Raf. -- accepted -- grasswidow, olsynium
  Ophioglossum pusillum Raf. -- accepted -- herbe-sans-couture, northern adder's-tongue, northern adderstongue
  Oplonia Raf. -- accepted
  Oplonia spinosa (Jacq.) Raf. -- accepted -- pricklybush
  Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- devil's-tongue, Nopal del este, pricklypear
  Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- devil's-tongue, pricklypear
  Orbexilum Raf. -- accepted -- leather-root
  Oreoxis Raf. -- accepted
  Oreoxis humilis Raf. -- accepted -- Pikes Peak alpineparsley, Pikes Peak spring-parsley, Rocky Mountain alpineparsley
  Orthilia Raf. -- accepted -- orthilia
  Osmorhiza Raf. -- accepted -- sweet root, sweetroot
  Oxalis acetosella ssp. montana (Raf.) Hultén ex D. Löve -- not accepted
  Oxalis caespitosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Oxalis cespitosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Oxalis montana Raf. -- accepted -- mountain woodsorrel
  Oxalis rupestris Raf. -- not accepted
  Oxypolis Raf. -- accepted -- cowbane
  Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- stiff cowbane
  Oxytria albiflora (Raf.) Pollard -- not accepted
  Oxytria crocea (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Pachystima Raf. -- not accepted
  Pachystima myrsinites (Pursh) Raf. -- not accepted
  Panicum flexuosum Raf. -- not accepted
  Parnassia glauca Raf. -- accepted -- fen grass of Parnassus, fen grass-of-Parnassus
  Paronychia fastigiata (Raf.) Fernald -- accepted -- clusterstem nailwort, hairy forked nailwort
  Paronychia fastigiata var. fastigiata (Raf.) Fernald -- accepted -- hairy forked nailwort
  Parthenium hispidum Raf. -- not accepted
  Parthenium integrifolium var. hispidum (Raf.) Mears -- not accepted -- wild quinine
  Paxistima Raf. -- accepted
  Paxistima myrsinites (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- boxleaf, boxleaf myrtle, mountain lover, Oregon boxleaf
  Peccana Raf. -- not accepted
  Peccana glauca Raf. -- not accepted
  Pedilanthus myrsifolius (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Peltandra Raf. -- accepted -- arrow arum
  Peritoma lutea (Hook.) Raf. -- accepted -- yellow spiderflower
  Persea palustris (Raf.) Sarg. -- accepted -- swamp bay
  Persicaria bicornis (Raf.) Nieuwl. -- accepted -- pink smartweed
  Persicaria maculata (Raf.) Gray -- not accepted
  Petaloma Raf. ex Boiss. -- not accepted
  Petrorhagia dubia (Raf.) G. López & Romo -- accepted -- hairypink
  Phanopyrum (Raf.) Nash -- accepted -- panicgrass, savannah-panicgrass
  Phedimus Raf. -- accepted
  Phemeranthus Raf. -- accepted -- fameflower, flameflower
  Phemeranthus teretifolius (Pursh) Raf. -- accepted -- quill fameflower
  Phenianthus sempervirens (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Phlox pilosa var. amplexicaulis (Raf.) Wherry -- not accepted
  Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M.C. Johnst. -- not accepted -- oak mistletoe
  Phoradendron serotinum (Raf.) M.C. Johnst. -- accepted -- oak mistletoe
  Phoradendron serotinum ssp. serotinum (Raf.) M.C. Johnst. -- accepted -- oak mistletoe
  Phyllanthus stipulatus (Raf.) G.L. Webster -- accepted -- stipulate leaf-flower
  Physocarpus (Camb.) Raf. -- accepted -- ninebark
  Piaropus Raf. -- not accepted
  Piaropus crassipes (Mart.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Piloblephis Raf. -- accepted
  Piloblephis rigida (W. Bartram ex Benth.) Raf. -- accepted -- wild pennyroyal
  Pinckneya bracteata (Bartram) Raf. -- accepted -- fevertree
  Platanthera X bicolor (Raf.) Luer (pro. sp.) -- accepted -- bicolor bog orchid
  Pleuradena Raf. -- not accepted
  Pleuradenia coccinea Raf. -- not accepted
  Pluchea viscida (Raf.) House -- not accepted
  Poa viridis Raf. -- not accepted
  Poagris Raf. -- not accepted
  Podopogon Raf. -- not accepted
  Podopogon avenaceus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Podopogon barbatus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Polanisia Raf. -- accepted -- clammyweed
  Polanisia graveolens Raf. -- not accepted
  Polygonum bicorne Raf. -- not accepted
  Polygonum inundatum Raf. -- not accepted
  Polygonum vernum Raf. -- not accepted
  Poncirus Raf. -- accepted
  Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- hardy orange
  Poponax Raf. -- not accepted
  Poponax tortuosa (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Populus salicifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Poranthera Raf. -- not accepted
  Poranthera cilata Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Poranthera ciliata (Elliott) Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Poranthera nutans Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Potamogeton alpinus ssp. tenuifolius (Raf.) Hultén -- not accepted
  Potamogeton alpinus var. tenuifolius (Raf.) Ogden -- not accepted
  Potamogeton dimorphus Raf. -- not accepted
  Potamogeton diversifolius Raf. -- accepted -- waterthread, waterthread pondweed
  Potamogeton epihydrus Raf. -- accepted -- ribbonleaf pondweed
  Potamogeton filiformis var. borealis (Raf.) H. St. John -- not accepted
  Potamogeton foliosus Raf. -- accepted -- leafy pondweed
  Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus Raf. -- accepted -- leafy pondweed
  Potentilla palustris var. parvifolia (Raf.) Fernald & Long -- not accepted
  Potentilla pectinata Raf. -- not accepted
  Prunus cuneata Raf. -- not accepted
  Prunus pumila var. cuneata (Raf.) L.H. Bailey -- not accepted
  Pseudotsuga mucronata (Raf.) Sudw. -- not accepted
  Psychilis Raf. -- accepted -- peacock orchid
  Psychopsis Raf. -- accepted -- butterfly orchid
  Ptelea tomentosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Ptilimnium Raf. -- accepted -- mock bishopweed
  Ptilimnium capillaceum (Michx.) Raf. -- accepted -- herbwilliam, threadleaf mockbishopweed
  Ptilimnium costatum Raf. -- accepted -- ribbed mock bishopweed
  Ptiloria pauciflora (Torr.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Pylostachya nana (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Pyrus fusca Raf. -- not accepted
  Pyrus sambucifolia var. pumila (Raf.) Sarg. -- not accepted
  Pythius Raf. -- not accepted
  Pythius dulcis (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Pythius epithymoides (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Pythius fuscata Raf. -- not accepted
  Pythius obtusata (Pursh) Raf. -- not accepted
  Quamasia hyacinthina (Raf.) Britton -- not accepted
  Quamoclit multifida Raf. -- not accepted
  Quercus pagoda Raf. -- accepted -- cherrybark oak, Texas oak
  Quercus prinoides Raf. -- not accepted
  Quincula Raf. -- accepted -- quincula
  Quincula lobata (Torr.) Raf. -- accepted -- Chinese lantern, Chinese-lantern, purple groundcherry, purpleflower groundcherry
  Ranunculus flabellaris Raf. -- accepted -- greater yellow water buttercup, renoncule à éventails, yellow water buttercup, yellow water-crowfoot
  Ranunculus obtusiusculus Raf. -- not accepted
  Ranunculus ovalis Raf. -- not accepted
  Ratibida Raf. -- accepted -- prairie coneflower
  Retama Raf. -- accepted -- bridal broom
  Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. -- accepted -- ledge stonecrop
  Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia Raf. -- accepted -- ledge stonecrop
  Rosa carolina var. obovata (Raf.) Deam -- not accepted
  Rosa dasistema Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa elegans Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa enneaphylla Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa glandulosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa globosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa palustris var. dasistema (Raf.) E.J. Palmer & Steyerm. -- not accepted
  Rosa pusilla Raf. -- not accepted
  Rosa serrulata Raf. -- not accepted
  Rubus pubescens Raf. -- accepted -- dwarf red blackberry, dwarf red raspberry
  Rubus pubescens var. pubescens Raf. -- not accepted -- dwarf red blackberry, dwarf red raspberry
  Rytilix Raf. ex Hitchc. -- not accepted
  Rytilix glandulosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Sabatia brevifolia Raf. -- accepted -- shortleaf rose gentian
  Sabatia capitata (Raf.) S.F. Blake -- accepted -- Appalachian rose gentian
  Saccharodendron (Raf.) Nieuwl. -- not accepted
  Sacoila Raf. -- accepted
  Salix denudata Raf. -- not accepted
  Salix ludoviciana Raf. -- not accepted
  Sambucus caerulea Raf. -- not accepted
  Sambucus cerulea Raf. -- not accepted -- blue elder, blue elderberry, blueberry elder, Mexican elder
  Sambucus cerulea var. cerulea Raf. -- not accepted -- blue elderberry
  Sambucus mexicana ssp. caerulea (Raf.) E. Murray -- not accepted
  Sambucus mexicana ssp. cerulea (Raf.) E. Murray -- not accepted
  Sambucus mexicana var. caerulea (Raf.) E. Murray -- not accepted
  Sambucus mexicana var. cerulea (Raf.) E. Murray -- not accepted
  Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea (Raf.) R. Bolli -- not accepted -- blue elder, blue elderberry
  Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea (Raf.) R. Bolli -- accepted -- blue elder, blue elderberry, elderberry
  Samolus parviflorus Raf. -- not accepted -- seaside brookweed, water-pimpernel
  Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus (Raf.) Hultén -- not accepted -- seaside brookweed, smallflower water pimpernel, water brookweed
  Sanguisorba stipulata Raf. -- accepted -- Sitka burnet
  Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R. Phillippe -- accepted -- cluster sanicle, clustered blacksnakeroot
  Sarracenia leucophylla Raf. -- accepted -- crimson pitcherplant, white-top pitcherplant
  Sarracenia purpurea ssp. gibbosa (Raf.) Wherry -- not accepted -- purple pitcherplant
  Sarracenia purpurea ssp. venosa (Raf.) Wherry -- accepted -- purple pitcherplant
  Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Sassafras albidum var. molle (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted
  Saxifraga adscendens ssp. oregonensis (Raf.) Bacig. -- not accepted -- small saxifrage
  Saxifraga adscendens var. oregonensis (Raf.) Breitung -- not accepted
  Scadoxus Raf. -- accepted -- scadoxus
  Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf. -- accepted
  Scadoxus multiflorus ssp. multiflorus (Martyn) Raf. -- accepted -- blood-flower
  Schmiedtia Raf. -- not accepted
  Schoenolirion albiflorum (Raf.) R.R. Gates -- accepted -- white sunnybell
  Scrophularia pectinata Raf. -- not accepted
  Sedum integrifolium (Raf.) A. Nelson -- not accepted -- ledge stonecrop
  Sedum integrifolium ssp. integrifolium (Raf.) A. Nelson -- not accepted -- entireleaf stonecrop
  Sedum nuttallianum Raf. -- not accepted -- yellow stonecrop
  Sedum rosea ssp. integrifolium (Raf.) Hultén -- not accepted
  Sedum rosea var. integrifolium (Raf.) A. Berger -- not accepted
  Sedum roseum ssp. integrifolium (Raf.) Hultén -- not accepted
  Sedum roseum var. integrifolium (Raf.) A. Berger -- not accepted
  Selnorition Raf. -- not accepted
  Senegalia Raf. -- accepted
  Sericrostis Raf. -- not accepted
  Serinia oppositifolia (Raf.) Kuntze -- not accepted
  Sesban exaltatus (Raf.) Rydb. -- not accepted
  Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) Rydb. ex A.W. Hill -- not accepted -- bigpod sesbania, hemp sesbania
  Sesbania macrocarpa Muhl. ex Raf. -- not accepted
  Sesuvium verrucosum Raf. -- accepted -- sea purslane, verrucose sea-purslane, verrucose seapurslane, western purslane, western seapurslane
  Silene furcata Raf. -- not accepted
  Silene pratensis (Raf.) Gren. & Godr. -- not accepted
  Silphium compositum ssp. reniforme (Raf. ex Nutt.) Sweeny & T.R. Fisher -- not accepted
  Silphium compositum var. reniforme (Raf. ex Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray -- not accepted -- kidneyleaf rosinweed
  Silphium reniforme Raf. ex Nutt. -- not accepted
  Sisyrinchium albidum Raf. -- accepted -- white blue-eyed grass, white blueeyed grass
  Sitanion Raf. -- not accepted
  Sitanion elymoides Raf. -- not accepted
  Sitilias caroliniana (Walter) Raf. -- not accepted
  Smidetia Raf. -- not accepted
  Smidetia humilis Raf. -- not accepted
  Smilax hispida Raf. -- not accepted -- bristly greenbrier
  Solanum dimidiatum Raf. -- accepted -- Torrey nightshade, Torrey's nightshade, western horsenettle
  Solidago canadensis var. rupestris (Raf.) Porter -- not accepted
  Solidago grandiflora Raf. -- not accepted
  Solidago rupestris Raf. -- accepted -- rock goldenrod
  Solidago sphacelata Raf. -- accepted -- autumn goldenrod
  Sorbus pumilus Raf. -- not accepted
  Sorbus riparia Raf. -- not accepted
  Sorbus sambucifolia var. pumila (Raf.) Koehne -- not accepted
  Spathyema foetida (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Spermolepis Raf. -- accepted -- scaleseed
  Spermolepis divaricata (Benth. & Hook. f. ex S. Watson) Raf. ex Ser. -- accepted -- forked scaleseed, roughfruit scaleseed
  Spiraea betulifolia ssp. corymbosa (Raf.) Roy L. Taylor & MacBryde -- not accepted
  Spiraea betulifolia var. corymbosa (Raf.) Maxim. -- accepted -- shinyleaf meadowsweet
  Spiraea corymbosa Raf. -- not accepted
  Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea (Raf.) Fernald -- not accepted -- steeplebush
  Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- northern slender ladies'-tresses, northern slender lady's tresses, slender ladiestresses
  Spiranthes lacera var. lacera (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted -- northern slender ladies'-tresses, northern slender lady's tresses
  Spiranthes tuberosa Raf. -- accepted -- little ladies'-tresses, little ladiestresses, little lady's tresses
  Spirotheros Raf. -- not accepted
  Spirotheros melanocarpus Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Stachys crenata Raf. -- accepted -- mouse's-ear, mousesear
  Steinchisma Raf. -- accepted -- gaping grass, steinchisma
  Steinchisma divaricatum Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Steironema heterophyllum (Michx.) Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Steironema hybridum (Michx.) Raf. ex B.D. Jacks. -- not accepted
  Stenaria Raf. ex Steud. -- accepted
  Stephanomeria tenuifolia (Raf.) H.M. Hall -- accepted -- lesser wirelettuce, narrowleaf wirelettuce, Uinta wirelettuce, Wright's wirelettuce
  Stephanomeria tenuifolia var. tenuifolia (Raf.) H.M. Hall -- not accepted -- narrowleaf wirelettuce
  Stethoma pectoralis (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Stillingia salicifolia (Torr.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Stipa cericea Michx. ex Raf. -- not accepted
  Stomoisia cornuta (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Stylisma Raf. -- accepted -- dawnflower
  Stylisma aquatica (Walter) Raf. -- accepted -- water dawnflower
  Stylodon Raf. -- not accepted
  Stylypus vernus Raf. -- not accepted
  Symphyotrichum pratense (Raf.) G.L. Nesom -- accepted -- barrens silky aster
  Synosma Raf. ex Britt. -- not accepted -- synosma
  Synosma suaveolens (L.) Raf. ex Britton -- not accepted
  Synthyris missurica (Raf.) Pennell -- accepted -- tailed kittentails
  Synthyris missurica ssp. missurica (Raf.) Pennell -- accepted -- tailed kittentails
  Tamala borbonia (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tarenaya Raf. -- accepted -- spiderflower
  Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf. -- accepted -- spiny spiderflower
  Telesonix Raf. -- accepted -- brookfoam
  Telesonix jamesii (Torr.) Raf. -- accepted -- James' saxifrage, James' telesonix
  Thecanisia angustifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Thecanisia discolor Raf. -- not accepted
  Thecanisia lobata (Gronov. ex Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Thecanisia purpurea Raf. -- not accepted
  Thecanisia ulmaria (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Thyella tamnifolia (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tirucalia Raf. -- not accepted
  Tirucalia indica Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus angulatus (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus calendulifolius (Delile) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus carniolicus (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus connata Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus corallioides (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus cristatus Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus gerardii Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus granulatus (Forssk.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus linearis (Retz.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus literatus (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus micranthus (Stephan ex Willd.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus obovata Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus paniculatus Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus rosea (Retz.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus saxatilis (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus serotina Raf. -- not accepted
  Tithymalus spinosus (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tolmachevia integrifolia (Raf.) Á. Löve & D. Löve -- not accepted
  Tomanthera Raf. -- not accepted
  Tomanthera auriculata (Michx.) Raf. -- not accepted -- auriculate false-foxglove
  Torfasidis Raf. -- not accepted
  Torfasidis canariensis (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tovara virginiana (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Toxylon pomiferum Raf. -- not accepted
  Tracaulon arifolium (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia brevicaulis Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia canaliculata Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia discolor Raf., non L'Hér. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia ohiensis Raf. -- accepted -- bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort
  Tradescantia reflexa Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia rupestris Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia virginiana var. alba Hook. ex Raf. -- not accepted
  Tradescantia virginiana var. barbata Raf. -- not accepted
  Triadenum Raf. -- accepted -- marsh St. Johnswort, triadenum
  Triadenum virginicum (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- marsh st. john's wort, Virginia marsh St. Johnswort
  Triatherus Raf. -- not accepted
  Triatherus aromaticus Raf. -- not accepted
  Triclinium odoratum Raf. -- not accepted
  Trientalis borealis Raf. -- accepted -- northern starflower, starflower
  Trientalis borealis ssp. borealis Raf. -- not accepted -- starflower
  Trillium cuneatum Raf. -- accepted -- little sweet Betsy
  Trillium flexipes Raf. -- accepted -- nodding wakerobin
  Trillium lancifolium Raf. -- accepted -- lanceleaf wakerobin
  Trillium maculatum Raf. -- accepted -- spotted wakerobin
  Triodanis Raf. ex Greene -- accepted -- Venus' looking-glass, Venus' lookingglass
  Tripogandra Raf. -- accepted -- tripogandra
  Trisiola Raf. -- not accepted
  Trisiola paniculata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Triticum estivum Raf. -- not accepted
  Triunila Raf. -- not accepted
  Trixostis Raf. -- not accepted
  Trixostis gracilis Raf. -- not accepted
  Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. -- accepted -- Pacific hemlock, West Coast hemlock, western hemlock
  Tulisma verticillata (Hook.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Tulista Raf. -- accepted
  Tumalis Raf. -- not accepted
  Tumalis bojeri (Hook.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Turbina Raf. -- accepted
  Turbina corymbosa (L.) Raf. -- accepted -- Christmasvine
  Vallaris Raf. -- not accepted
  Vallaris fimbriata (Scop.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Vallaris missurica (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Vallaris portulacoides (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Vallaris X uniflora (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Verbena riparia Raf. ex Small & A. Heller -- not accepted -- riverbank vervain
  Verbena urticifolia var. incarnata (Raf.) Moldenke -- not accepted -- white vervain
  Vernonia crinita Raf. -- not accepted
  Vernonia marginata (Torr.) Raf. -- accepted -- ironplant, plains ironweed
  Vernonia missurica Raf. -- accepted -- Missouri ironweed
  Veronica connata Raf. -- not accepted
  Vesiculina purpurea (Walter) Raf. -- not accepted
  Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf. -- accepted -- squashberry
  Viburnum rufidulum Raf. -- accepted -- rusty blackhaw, rusty viburnum
  Vireya sanguinolenta Raf. -- not accepted
  Virgulus pratensis (Raf.) Reveal & Keener -- not accepted
  Vitis acerifolia Raf. -- accepted -- bush grape, mapleleaf grape
  Vulpia elliotea (Raf.) Fernald -- accepted
  Xamesike Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike deltifolia Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike depressa (Torr. ex Spreng.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike gracilis (Elliott) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike littoralis Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike maculata (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike palestina Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike polygonifolia (L.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike scordiifolia (Jacq.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike supina (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike vermiculata (Raf.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike vulgaris Raf. -- not accepted
  Xamesike xamobala Raf. -- not accepted
  Xolantha Raf. -- not accepted
  Zalitea Raf. -- not accepted
  Zalitea linearis Raf. -- not accepted
  Zamzela rugosa (Pers.) Raf. -- not accepted
  Zanthoxylum glandulosum (Raf.) Raf. -- accepted
 
 Kingdom Bacteria
  Phormidium submembranaceum Ard. and Straff -- valid
 
 Kingdom Archaea
  Archaeoglobus profundus Burggraf et al., 1990 -- valid
  Methanococcus igneus Burggraf et al., 1990 -- invalid
  Methanotorris igneus (Burggraf et al., 1990) Whitman, 2002 -- valid
   

A gray bar