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Pteronura brasiliensis  Zimmermann, 1780
Taxonomic Serial No.: 1086352

(Download Help) Pteronura brasiliensis TSN 1086352

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788)
    Pteronura brasiliensis brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788)
    Pteronura brasiliensis paranensis (Rengger, 1830)
    Pteronura brasiliensis paraguensis (Schinz, 1821)
    Lutra brasiliana Shaw, 1800
    Lutra lupina Schinz, 1821
    Pteronura sambachii Gray, 1837
    Pterura sanbachii Wiegmann, 1838
    Lutra paraguensis Schinz, 1821
    Lutra paranensis Rengger, 1830
    Mustela lutris brasiliensis Gmelin, 1788
  Common Name(s): Giant Otter [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyMustelidae Fischer, 1817 – mustelids  
                                        SubfamilyLutrinae Bonaparte, 1838 – otters  
                                           GenusPteronura Gray, 1837  
                                              SpeciesPteronura brasiliensis Zimmermann, 1780 – Giant Otter  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Noonan, Paula, Siobhan Prout, and Virginia Hayssen  
  Publication Date: 2017   
  Article/Chapter Title: Pteronura brasiliensis (Carnivora: Mustelidae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammalian Species, vol. 49, no. 953   
  Page(s): 97-108   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1545-1410   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Pteronura brasiliensis   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Zimmerman, E. A. W.  
  Publication Date: 1780   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Geographische Geschichte des Menschen, und der allgemein verbreiteten vierfüssigen Thiere, vol. 2   
  Page(s): 432   
  Publisher: Weygandschen Buchhandlung   
  Publication Place: Leipzig, Germany   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: original description   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: South America  



  Comment: Noonan et al. (2017:97) note, 'Historically a northern and southern subspecies have been named but genetic data do not support this distinction (Garcia et al. 2007). Thus the species is monotypic'  
    Noonan et al. (2017:97) note that Zimmermann's 1780 (p.316) use of 'Lutra (brasiliensis)' is the first legitimate use after 1758, so authorship should reflect this. Gmelin's (1788:93) use of [Mustela lutris] brasiliensis becomes a subsequent combination of Zimmerman's, or alternatively a junior secondary homonym  



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