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Cichlidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 169770

(Download Help) Cichlidae TSN 169770

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): cichlids [English]
 
    cichlidés [French]
 
    tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                            OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                               SuborderLabroidei  – parrotfishes, rainbowfishes, wrasses, labres, poissons-perroquets  
                                  FamilyCichlidae  – cichlids, cichlidés, tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Species Orthochromis kalungwishiensis (Greenwood and Kullander, 1994)  
                                     Species Orthochromis kasuluensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis luichensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis luongoensis (Greenwood and Kullander, 1994)  
                                     Species Orthochromis machadoi (Poll, 1967)  
                                     Species Orthochromis malagaraziensis (David, 1937)  
                                     Species Orthochromis mazimeroensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis mosoensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis polyacanthus (Boulenger, 1899)  
                                     Species Orthochromis rubrolabialis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis rugufuensis De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Orthochromis stormsi (Boulenger, 1902)  
                                     Species Orthochromis torrenticola (Thys van den Audenaerde, 1963)  
                                     Species Orthochromis uvinzae De Vos and Seegers, 1998  
                                     Species Schubotzia eduardianus Boulenger, 1914  
                                     Genus Acarichthys Eigenmann, 1912  
                                     Genus Acaronia Myers, 1940  
                                     Genus Aequidens Eigenmann and Bray, 1894  
                                     Genus Allochromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                     Genus Alticorpus Stauffer and McKaye, 1988  
                                     Genus Altolamprologus Poll, 1986  
                                     Genus Amphilophus Agassiz, 1859  
                                     Genus Anomalochromis Greenwood, 1985  
                                     Genus Apistogramma Regan, 1913  
                                     Genus Apistogrammoides Meinken, 1965  
                                     Genus Archocentrus Gill in Gill and Bransford, 1877  
                                     Genus Aristochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Astatoreochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Astatotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Astronotus Swainson, 1839 – oscars 
                                     Genus Aulonocara Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Aulonocranus Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Baileychromis Poll, 1986  
                                     Genus Bathybates Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Benitochromis Lamboj, 2001  
                                     Genus Benthochromis Poll, 1986  
                                     Genus Biotodoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                     Genus Biotoecus Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                     Genus Boulengerochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Buccochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Bujurquina Kullander, 1986  
                                     Genus Callochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Caprichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Caquetaia Fowler, 1945  
                                     Genus Cardiopharynx Poll, 1942  
                                     Genus Chaetobranchopsis Steindachner, 1875  
                                     Genus Chaetobranchus Heckel, 1840  
                                     Genus Chalinochromis Poll, 1974  
                                     Genus Champsochromis Boulenger, 1915  
                                     Genus Cheilochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Chetia Trewavas, 1961  
                                     Genus Chilochromis Boulenger, 1902  
                                     Genus Chilotilapia Boulenger, 1908  
                                     Genus Chromidotilapia Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Cichla Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – eyetail cichlids 
                                     Genus Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839 – American cichlids 
                                     Genus Cleithracara Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                     Genus Copadichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Copora Fernández-Yépez, 1969  
                                     Genus Corematodus Boulenger, 1897  
                                     Genus Crenicara Steindachner, 1875 – pike cichlids, pike cichlids 
                                     Genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840  
                                     Genus Ctenochromis Pfeffer, 1893  
                                     Genus Ctenopharynx Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Cunningtonia Boulenger, 1906  
                                     Genus Cyathochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Cyathopharynx Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Cyclopharynx Poll, 1948  
                                     Genus Cynotilapia Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Cyphotilapia Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Cyprichromis Scheuermann, 1977  
                                     Genus Cyrtocara Boulenger, 1902  
                                     Genus Danakilia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969  
                                     Genus Dicrossus Steindachner, 1875  
                                     Genus Dimidiochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Divandu Lamboj and Snoeks, 2000  
                                     Genus Docimodus Boulenger, 1897  
                                     Genus Eclectochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Ectodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Enantiopus Boulenger, 1906  
                                     Genus Eretmodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Etia Schliewen and Stiassny, 2003  
                                     Genus Etroplus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830 – chromides, chromides 
                                     Genus Exochochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Fossorochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Gaurochromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                     Genus Genyochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Geophagus Heckel, 1840 – earth eaters, eartheater cichlids 
                                     Genus Gephyrochromis Boulenger, 1901  
                                     Genus Gnathochromis Poll, 1981  
                                     Genus Gobiocichla Kanazawa, 1951  
                                     Genus Grammatotria Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Greenwoodochromis Poll, 1983  
                                     Genus Guianacara Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                     Genus Gymnogeophagus Miranda Ribeiro, 1918  
                                     Genus Haplochromis Hilgendorf, 1888 – mouth brooders, mouth brooders 
                                     Genus Haplotaxodon Boulenger, 1906  
                                     Genus Hemibates Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Hemichromis Peters, 1857 – jewelfishes 
                                     Genus Hemitaeniochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Hemitilapia Boulenger, 1902  
                                     Genus Herichthys Baird and Girard, 1854  
                                     Genus Heroina Kullander, 1996  
                                     Genus Heros Heckel, 1840  
                                     Genus Herotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Heterochromis Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Hoplarchus Kaup, 1860  
                                     Genus Hoplotilapia Hilgendorf, 1888  
                                     Genus Hypselecara Kullander, 1986  
                                     Genus Hypsophrys Agassiz, 1859  
                                     Genus Interochromis Yamaoka, Hori and Kuwamura, 1988  
                                     Genus Iodotropheus Oliver and Loiselle, 1972  
                                     Genus Iranocichla Coad, 1982  
                                     Genus Julidochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Konia Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                     Genus Krobia Kullander and Nijssen, 1989  
                                     Genus Labeotropheus Ahl, 1926  
                                     Genus Labidochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Laetacara Kullander, 1986  
                                     Genus Lamprologus Schilthuis, 1891  
                                     Genus Lepidiolamprologus Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Lestradea Poll, 1943  
                                     Genus Lethrinops Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Lichnochromis Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Limbochromis Greenwood, 1987  
                                     Genus Limnochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Limnotilapia Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Lithochromis Lippitsch and Seehausen in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                     Genus Lobochilotes Boulenger, 1915  
                                     Genus Macropleurodus Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Maravichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Maylandia Meyer and Foerster, 1984  
                                     Genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990  
                                     Genus Mbipia Lippitsch and Seehausen in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                     Genus Melanochromis Trewavas, 1935 – twostripe mbunas 
                                     Genus Mesonauta Günther, 1862  
                                     Genus Metriaclima Stauffer, Bowers, Kellogg, and McKaye, 1997  
                                     Genus Microchromis Johnson, 1975  
                                     Genus Mikrogeophagus Meulengracht-Madson in Schiötz and Christensen, 1968  
                                     Genus Myaka Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                     Genus Mylochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Naevochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Nandopsis Gill, 1862  
                                     Genus Nannacara Regan, 1905  
                                     Genus Nanochromis Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Neetroplus Günther, 1867  
                                     Genus Neochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Neolamprologus Colombe and Allgayer, 1985  
                                     Genus Nimbochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Nyassachromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Ophthalmotilapia Pellegrin, 1904  
                                     Genus Oreochromis Günther, 1889 – blue tilapias 
                                     Genus Orthochromis Greenwood, 1954  
                                     Genus Otopharynx Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Oxylapia Kiener and Maugé, 1966  
                                     Genus Pallidochromis Turner, 1994  
                                     Genus Parachromis Agassiz, 1859  
                                     Genus Paracyprichromis Poll, 1986  
                                     Genus Paralabidochromis Greenwood, 1956  
                                     Genus Parananochromis Greenwood, 1987  
                                     Genus Paraneetroplus Regan, 1905  
                                     Genus Paratilapia Bleeker, 1868  
                                     Genus Paretroplus Bleeker, 1868  
                                     Genus Pelmatochromis Steindachner, 1894  
                                     Genus Pelvicachromis Thys van den Audenaerde, 1968 – kribs 
                                     Genus Perissodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Petenia Günther, 1862  
                                     Genus Petrochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Petrotilapia Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Pharyngochromis Greenwood, 1979  
                                     Genus Placidochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Platytaeniodus Boulenger, 1906  
                                     Genus Plecodus Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Protomelas Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Pseudocrenilabrus Fowler, 1934  
                                     Genus Pseudosimochromis Nelissen, 1977  
                                     Genus Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Pterochromis Trewavas, 1973  
                                     Genus Pterophyllum Heckel, 1840 – angelfishes, angelfishes 
                                     Genus Ptychochromis Steindachner, 1880  
                                     Genus Ptychochromoides Kiener and Maugé, 1966  
                                     Genus Pundamilia Seehausen and Lippitsch in Seehausen et al., 1998  
                                     Genus Pungu Trewavas in Trewavas, Green and Corbet, 1972  
                                     Genus Pyxichromis Greenwood, 1980  
                                     Genus Reganochromis Whitley, 1929  
                                     Genus Retroculus Eigenmann and Bray, 1894  
                                     Genus Rhamphochromis Regan, 1922  
                                     Genus Sargochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852 – brushtooth tilapias 
                                     Genus Satanoperca Günther, 1862  
                                     Genus Schubotzia Boulenger, 1914  
                                     Genus Schwetzochromis Poll, 1948  
                                     Genus Sciaenochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Serranochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Simochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Spathodus Boulenger, 1900  
                                     Genus Steatocranus Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Stigmatochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Stomatepia Trewavas, 1962  
                                     Genus Symphysodon Heckel, 1840 – discusfishes, discusfishes 
                                     Genus Taeniacara Myers, 1935  
                                     Genus Taeniochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Taeniolethrinops Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Tahuantinsuyoa Kullander, 1986  
                                     Genus Tangachromis Poll, 1981  
                                     Genus Tanganicodus Poll, 1950  
                                     Genus Teleocichla Kullander, 1988  
                                     Genus Teleogramma Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Telmatochromis Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Theraps Günther, 1862  
                                     Genus Thoracochromis Greenwood, 1979  
                                     Genus Thorichthys Meek, 1904  
                                     Genus Thysochromis Daget, 1988  
                                     Genus Tilapia Smith, 1840 – African mouthbrooders, speckled tilapias 
                                     Genus Tomocichla Regan, 1908  
                                     Genus Tramitichromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Trematocara Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Trematochromis Poll, 1987  
                                     Genus Trematocranus Trewavas, 1935  
                                     Genus Triglachromis Poll and Thys van den Audenaerde, 1974  
                                     Genus Tristramella Trewavas, 1942  
                                     Genus Tropheus Boulenger, 1898  
                                     Genus Tylochromis Regan, 1920  
                                     Genus Tyrannochromis Eccles and Trewavas, 1989  
                                     Genus Uaru Heckel, 1840  
                                     Genus Variabilichromis Colombe and Allgayer, 1985  
                                     Genus Vieja Fernández-Yépez, 1969  
                                     Genus Xenochromis Boulenger, 1899  
                                     Genus Xenotilapia Boulenger, 1899  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Cichlidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: cichlidés[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: cichlidés[French], cichlids [English], tilapias y mojarras de agua dulce [Spanish]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cichlidae, cichlids [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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