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Acanthurus  Forsskål, 1775
Taxonomic Serial No.: 172251

(Download Help) Acanthurus TSN 172251

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): lancetfishes [English]
 
    surgeonfishes [English]
 
    tangs [English]
 
    doctorfishes [English]
 
    common surgeonfishes [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2003   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                            InfraclassTeleostei   
                               SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                                  OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                                     SuborderAcanthuroidei  – surgeonfishes  
                                        FamilyAcanthuridae  – surgeonfishes, tangs, cirujanos, poissons-chirurgiens  
                                           GenusAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775 – lancetfishes, surgeonfishes, tangs, doctorfishes, common surgeonfishes  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Species Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803 – Achilles tang, redspot surgeonfish, redspot tang, redtail surgeonfish, cirujano encendido 
                                              Species Acanthurus albipectoralis Allen and Ayling, 1987  
                                              Species Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956  
                                              Species Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855 – ocean surgeon, barbero, cirujano pardo 
                                              Species Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831 – pencilled surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835 – ringtail surgeonfish, whitetail surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) – doctorfish, barbero rayado, cirujano rayado 
                                              Species Acanthurus chronixis Randall, 1960  
                                              Species Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – blue tang, barbero azul, cirujano azul 
                                              Species Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835  
                                              Species Acanthurus elongatus Lacepède, 1802 – elongate surgeon 
                                              Species Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort in Weber and de Beaufort, 1951 – Fowler's surgeon 
                                              Species Acanthurus fuliginosus Lesson, 1831 – ringtailed surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775) – dusky surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus grammoptilus Richardson, 1843  
                                              Species Acanthurus guttatus Forster in Bloch and Schneider, 1801  
                                              Species Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)  
                                              Species Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927  
                                              Species Acanthurus leucopareius (Jenkins, 1903) – whitethroated surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833  
                                              Species Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758) – lined surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus maculiceps (Ahl, 1923)  
                                              Species Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829) – tailring surgeon 
                                              Species Acanthurus mindorensis Herre, 1927  
                                              Species Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 – surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) – whitecheek surgeonfish, cirujano cariblanco, goldrim surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker and Mohr, 1929  
                                              Species Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)  
                                              Species Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835  
                                              Species Acanthurus nubilus (Fowler and Bean, 1929)  
                                              Species Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – orangespot tang 
                                              Species Acanthurus polyzona (Bleeker, 1868)  
                                              Species Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834 – yellowspot surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus randalli Briggs and Caldwell, 1957 – Gulf surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus reversus Randall and Earle, 1999  
                                              Species Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)  
                                              Species Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861  
                                              Species Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)  
                                              Species Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) – convict tang, convictfish, cirujano reo, convict surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acanthurus tristis Randall, 1993  
                                              Species Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835 – cirujano aleta amarilla, yellowfin surgeonfish 
                                              Species Acronurus aegyptius Gronow in Gray, 1854  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 17-Mar-2003, website (version 13-Mar-03)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25622932   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Acanthurus, lancetfishes [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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