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Acanthurus  Forsskål, 1775
Taxonomic Serial No.: 172251

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Theutis Bonnaterre, 1788
    Harpurus Forster, 1788
    Acronurus Gronow in Gray, 1854
    Aspisurus Lacepède, 1802
    Acronurus Günther, 1861
    Rhombotides Bleeker, 1863
    Chaetodon (Acanthurus) Forsskål, 1775
    Hepatus (Harpurina) Fowler & Bean, 1929
    Teuthis (Rhomboteuthis) Fowler, 1944
    Acanthurus (Ctenodon) Swainson, 1839
  Common Name(s): lancetfishes [English]
    surgeonfishes [English]
    tangs [English]
    doctorfishes [English]
    common surgeonfishes [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2021   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                               SuborderAcanthuroidei  – surgeonfishes  
                                  FamilyAcanthuridae  – tangs, cirujanos, poissons-chirurgiens, surgeonfishes  
                                     GenusAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775 – lancetfishes, surgeonfishes, tangs, doctorfishes, common surgeonfishes  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803 – Achilles tang, redspot surgeonfish, redspot tang, redtail surgeonfish, cirujano encendido, Achilles Tang, cirujano encendido 
                                        Species Acanthurus albimento Carpenter, Williams & Santos, 2017  
                                        Species Acanthurus albipectoralis Allen & Ayling, 1987  
                                        Species Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956  
                                        Species Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855 – ocean surgeon, barbero, cirujano pardo 
                                        Species Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831 – pencilled surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835 – ringtail surgeonfish, whitetail surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) – doctorfish, barbero rayado, cirujano rayado, Doctorfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus chronixis Randall, 1960  
                                        Species Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 – blue tang, barbero azul, Blue Tang, cirujano azul 
                                        Species Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835  
                                        Species Acanthurus elongatus (Lacepède, 1802) – elongate surgeon 
                                        Species Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort in Weber & de Beaufort, 1951 – Fowler's surgeon 
                                        Species Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775) – dusky surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus grammoptilus Richardson, 1843  
                                        Species Acanthurus guttatus Forster in Bloch & Schneider, 1801  
                                        Species Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)  
                                        Species Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927  
                                        Species Acanthurus leucopareius (Jenkins, 1903) – whitethroated surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833  
                                        Species Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758) – lined surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus maculiceps (Ahl, 1923)  
                                        Species Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829) – tailring surgeon 
                                        Species Acanthurus mindorensis Herre, 1927  
                                        Species Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 – surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) – whitecheek surgeonfish, goldrim surgeonfish, cirujano cariblanco, Goldrim Surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929  
                                        Species Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)  
                                        Species Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835  
                                        Species Acanthurus nigros Günther, 1861  
                                        Species Acanthurus nubilus (Fowler & Bean, 1929)  
                                        Species Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 – orangespot tang 
                                        Species Acanthurus polyzona (Bleeker, 1868)  
                                        Species Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834 – yellowspot surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus reversus Randall & Earle, 1999  
                                        Species Acanthurus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 – convict tang 
                                        Species Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)  
                                        Species Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861  
                                        Species Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)  
                                        Species Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860 – cirujano pardo, Ocean Surgeon 
                                        Species Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) – convict tang, convictfish, convict surgeonfish, cirujano reo, Convict Surgeonfish 
                                        Species Acanthurus tristis Randall, 1993  
                                        Species Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835 – yellowfin surgeonfish, cirujano aleta amarilla, Yellowfin Surgeonfish 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 1-Feb-2021, website (version 1 Feb 2021)  
  Acquired: 2021   
  Notes: Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds) 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. ( Electronic version accessed 01 Feb 2021   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Reference for: Acanthurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Reference for: Acanthurus, lancetfishes [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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