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Symphurus  Rafinesque, 1810
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173061

(Download Help) Symphurus TSN 173061

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Aphoristia Kaup, 1858
 
    Plagusia Bonaparte, 1833
 
    Eupnoea Gistel, 1848
 
    Bibronia Cocco, 1844
 
    Euporista Gistel, 1848
 
    Plagusia Cuvier, 1816
 
    Glossichthys Gill, 1861
 
    Ammopleurops Günther, 1862
 
    Odontolepis Fischer, 1813
 
    Symphurus (Acedia) Jordan in Jordan & Goss, 1889
 
  Common Name(s): straightmouth tonguefishes [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2015   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                            OrderPleuronectiformes  – flatfishes, flounders, soles, limandes, plies, poissons plats  
                               SuborderPleuronectoidei   
                                  FamilyCynoglossidae  – tongue soles, tonguefishes, lenguas, soles-langues  
                                     SubfamilySymphurinae   
                                        GenusSymphurus Rafinesque, 1810 – straightmouth tonguefishes  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Symphurus arabicus Chabanaud, 1954  
                                           Species Symphurus arawak Robins & Randall, 1965 – Caribbean tonguefish, lengua caribeña, Caribbean Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus atramentatus Jordan & Bollman, 1890 – halfspotted tonguefish, lengua mediomanchada, Halfspotted Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) – lengua californiana, California tonguefish, California Tonguefish, sole californien 
                                           Species Symphurus australis McCulloch, 1907  
                                           Species Symphurus bathyspilus Krabbenhoft & Munroe, 2003  
                                           Species Symphurus billykrietei Munroe, 1998 – chocolatebanded tonguefish, lengua boba, Kriete's tonguefish, Chocolatebanded Tonguefish, sole de Kriete 
                                           Species Symphurus callopterus Munroe & Mahadeva, 1989 – chocolate tonguefish, lengua chocolate, Chocolate Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus caribbeanus Munroe, 1991  
                                           Species Symphurus chabanaudi Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 – darkcheek tonguefish, lengua cachete prieto, Darkcheek Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus civitatium Ginsburg, 1951 – lengua gatita, offshore tonguefish, Offshore Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus diabolicus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990  
                                           Species Symphurus diomedeanus (Goode & Bean, 1885) – lengua de vaca, lengua filonegro, spottedfin tonguefish, sole tachetée, Spottedfin Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus elongatus (Günther, 1868) – elongate tonguefish, lengua esbelta, Elongate Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus fallax Chabanaud, 1957  
                                           Species Symphurus fasciolaris Gilbert, 1892 – banded tonguefish, lengua listada, Banded Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus fuscus Brauer, 1906  
                                           Species Symphurus gilesii (Alcock, 1889)  
                                           Species Symphurus ginsburgi Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976  
                                           Species Symphurus gorgonae Chabanaud, 1948 – dwarf tonguefish, lengua enana, Dwarf Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus hernandezi Saavedra-Díaz, Munroe & Acero P., 2003  
                                           Species Symphurus hondoensis Hubbs, 1915  
                                           Species Symphurus insularis Munroe, Brito & Hernández, 2000  
                                           Species Symphurus jenynsi Evermann & Kendall, 1906  
                                           Species Symphurus kyaropterygium Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976  
                                           Species Symphurus leei Jordan & Bollman, 1890 – blacktail tonguefish, lengua colinegra, Blacktail Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus leucochilus Lee, Munroe & Shao, 2014  
                                           Species Symphurus ligulatus (Cocco, 1844)  
                                           Species Symphurus lubbocki Munroe, 1990  
                                           Species Symphurus luzonensis Chabanaud, 1955  
                                           Species Symphurus macrophthalmus Norman, 1939  
                                           Species Symphurus maculopinnis Munroe, Tyler & Tunnicliffe, 2011  
                                           Species Symphurus maldivensis Chabanaud, 1955  
                                           Species Symphurus marginatus (Goode & Bean, 1886) – margined tonguefish, marginated tonguefish, slender tonguefish, Margined Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus marmoratus Fowler, 1934  
                                           Species Symphurus megasomus Lee, Chen & Shao, 2009  
                                           Species Symphurus melanurus Clark, 1936 – drab tonguefish, lengua lucia, Drab Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus melasmatotheca Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 – darkbelly tonguefish, lengua tripa negra, Darkbelly Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus microlepis Garman, 1899  
                                           Species Symphurus microrhynchus (Weber, 1913)  
                                           Species Symphurus minor Ginsburg, 1951 – largescale tonguefish, Largescale Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus monostigmus Munroe, 2006  
                                           Species Symphurus multimaculatus Lee, Munroe & Chen, 2009  
                                           Species Symphurus nebulosus (Goode & Bean, 1883) – freckled tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque, 1810  
                                           Species Symphurus normani Chabanaud, 1950  
                                           Species Symphurus ocellaris Munroe & Robertson, 2005  
                                           Species Symphurus ocellatus von Bonde, 1922  
                                           Species Symphurus oculellus Munroe, 1991  
                                           Species Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 – lengua coliblanca, whitetail tonguefish, Whitetail Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus ommaspilus Böhlke, 1961 – ocellated tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus orientalis (Bleeker, 1879)  
                                           Species Symphurus parvus Ginsburg, 1951 – pygmy tonguefish, lengua pigmea, Pygmy Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus pelicanus Ginsburg, 1951 – longtail tonguefish, lengua colilarga, Longtail Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus piger (Goode & Bean, 1886) – deepwater tonguefish, lengua de vaca perezosa, lengua perezosa, Deepwater Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus plagiusa (Linnaeus, 1766) – blackcheek tonguefish, lengua de vaca gris, lengua gris, Blackcheek Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus plagusia (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) – duskycheek tonguefish, lengua de vaca parda 
                                           Species Symphurus prolatinaris Munroe, Nizinski & Mahadeva, 1991 – halfstriped tonguefish, lengua narigona, Halfstriped Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus pusillus (Goode & Bean, 1885) – northern tonguefish, Northern Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus regani Weber & de Beaufort, 1929  
                                           Species Symphurus reticulatus Munroe, 1990  
                                           Species Symphurus rhytisma Böhlke, 1961 – patchtail tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus sayademalhensis Chabanaud, 1955  
                                           Species Symphurus schultzi Chabanaud, 1955  
                                           Species Symphurus septemstriatus (Alcock, 1891) – sevenband tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus stigmosus Munroe, 1998 – blotchfin tonguefish, Blotchfin Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus strictus Gilbert, 1905  
                                           Species Symphurus tessellatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)  
                                           Species Symphurus thermophilus Munroe & Hashimoto, 2008  
                                           Species Symphurus trewavasae Chabanaud, 1948  
                                           Species Symphurus trifasciatus (Alcock, 1894) – threeband tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus undatus Gilbert, 1905  
                                           Species Symphurus undecimplerus Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 – imitator tonguefish, lengua imitador, Imitator Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus urospilus Ginsburg, 1951 – spottail tonguefish, lengua de vaca colipunteada, lengua colipunteada, Spottail Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus vanmelleae Chabanaud, 1952  
                                           Species Symphurus variegatus (Gilchrist, 1903)  
                                           Species Symphurus varius Garman, 1899  
                                           Species Symphurus williamsi Jordan & Culver in Jordan, 1895 – lengua amarillenta, yellow tonguefish, Yellow Tonguefish 
                                           Species Symphurus woodmasoni (Alcock, 1889)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Symphurus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 31-Oct-2014, website (version 31-Oct-14)  
  Acquired: 2014   
  Notes: Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed). Catalog of Fishes. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 03-Nov-2014   
  Reference for: Symphurus   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Symphurus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25622932   
  Reference for: Symphurus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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