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Larus  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 176803

(Download Help) Larus TSN 176803

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Gabianus Bonaparte, 1853
  Common Name(s): Gulls [English]
    Ivory Gulls [English]
    Kittiwakes [English]
    Ross' Gulls [English]
    Sabine's Gulls [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2022   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderCharadriiformes  – Shore Birds, Gulls, Alcids, Plovers, Oystercatchers, goélands, alcidés, Auks, huîtriers  
                            FamilyLaridae  – Gulls, Terns, becs-en-ciseaux, goélands, labbes, mouettes, Skimmers  
                               GenusLarus Linnaeus, 1758 – Gulls, Ivory Gulls, Kittiwakes, Ross' Gulls, Sabine's Gulls  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Larus argentatus Pontoppidan, 1763 – Gaviota plateada, Herring Gull, Goéland argenté, European Herring Gull, Gaviota argéntea europea, gaivota-argêntea 
                                  Species Larus armenicus Buturlin, 1934 – Armenian Gull, Goéland d'Arménie, Gaviota armenia, gaivota-da-arménia 
                                  Species Larus atlanticus Olrog, 1958 – Olrog's Gull, Goéland d'Olrog, Gaviota cangrejera, gaivota-de-rabo-preto, gaivota-caranguejeira 
                                  Species Larus belcheri Vigors, 1829 – Band-tailed Gull, Belcher's Gull, Goéland siméon, Gaviota simeón, gaivota-de-rabo-bandeado 
                                  Species Larus brachyrhynchus Richardson, 1831 – Short-billed Gull 
                                  Species Larus cachinnans Pallas, 1811 – Caspian Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Goéland pontique, Gaviota del Caspio, gaivota-do-cáspio 
                                  Species Larus californicus Lawrence, 1854 – Gaviota californiana, California Gull, Goéland de Californie, gaivota-da-califórnia 
                                  Species Larus canus Linnaeus, 1758 – Gaviota cana, Mew Gull, Goéland cendré, Common Gull, famego 
                                  Species Larus crassirostris Vieillot, 1818 – Black-tailed Gull, Goéland à queue noire, Gaviota japonesa, gaivota-de-rabo-preto 
                                  Species Larus delawarensis Ord, 1815 – Gaviota pico anillado, Ring-billed Gull, Goéland à bec cerclé, Gaviota de Delaware, gaivota-de-bico-riscado 
                                  Species Larus dominicanus M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823 – Gaviota dominicana, Kelp Gull, Goéland dominicain, Gaviota cocinera, gaivotão 
                                  Species Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758 – Gaviota sombría, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Goéland brun, gaivota-da-asa-escura 
                                  Species Larus glaucescens J. F. Naumann, 1840 – Glaucous-winged Gull, Gaviota ala glauca, Goéland à ailes grises, Gaviota de Bering, gaivota-do-mar-de-bering 
                                  Species Larus glaucoides B. Meyer, 1822 – Iceland Gull, Goéland arctique, Gaviota groenlandesa, gaivota-branca 
                                  Species Larus heermanni Cassin, 1852 – Heermann's Gull, Gaviota ploma, Goéland de Heermann, Gaviota mexicana, gaivota-cinzenta-setentrional 
                                  Species Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, 1767 – Gaviota blanca, Glaucous Gull, Goéland bourgmestre, Gavión hiperbóreo, gaivotão-branco 
                                  Species Larus livens Dwight, 1919 – Yellow-footed Gull, Gaviota pata amarilla, Goéland de Cortez, Gaviota de Cortés, gaivota-de-pés-amarelos 
                                  Species Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758 – Great Black-backed Gull, Goéland marin, Gavión atlántico, gaivotão-real 
                                  Species Larus michahellis J. F. Naumann, 1840 – Yellow-legged Gull, Goéland leucophée, Gaviota patiamarilla, gaivota-de-patas-amarelas 
                                  Species Larus occidentalis Audubon, 1839 – Gaviota occidental, Western Gull, Goéland d'Audubon, gaivota-de-pés-rosados 
                                  Species Larus pacificus Latham, 1801 – Pacific Gull, Goéland austral, Gaviota de Tasmania, gaivota-australiana 
                                  Species Larus schistisagus Stejneger, 1884 – Slaty-backed Gull, Goéland à manteau ardoisé, Gaviota de Kamchatka, gaivota-de-dorso-ardósia 
                                  Species Larus smithsonianus Coues, 1862 – Goéland hudsonien, Gaviota argéntea americana, gaivota-prateada-americana, American Herring Gull 
                                  Species Larus vegae Palmén, 1887 – Vega Gull, Goéland de la Véga 

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Larus    
  Expert: Richard C. Banks  
  Notes: Chief, Bird Section, U.S.G.S. - B.R.D. - P.W.R.C.   
  Reference for: Larus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: IOC World Bird List (version 12.1), website (version 12.1)  
  Acquired: 2022   
  Notes: Gill, F., D. Donsker, and P. Rasmussen, eds. 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.1). doi: 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.1. Available at [Accessed 21 Jan, 2022]   
  Reference for: Larus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Larus   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02, website (version 02-Apr-11)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: "Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Larus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Larus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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