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Caprimulgus  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 177959

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Macrodipteryx Swainson, 1837
  Common Name(s): Nightjars [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2018   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                            FamilyCaprimulgidae  – Nightjars  
                               GenusCaprimulgus Linnaeus, 1758 – Nightjars  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Caprimulgus aegyptius M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823 – Egyptian Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus affinis Horsfield, 1821 – Savanna Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus andamanicus Hume, 1873 – Andaman Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus asiaticus Latham, 1790 – Indian Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus atripennis Jerdon, 1845 – Jerdon's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus batesi Sharpe, 1906 – Bates's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus celebensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 – Sulawesi Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus centralasicus Vaurie, 1960 – Vaurie's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus clarus Reichenow, 1892 – Slender-tailed Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus climacurus Vieillot, 1824 – Long-tailed Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus concretus Bonaparte, 1850 – Bonaparte's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus donaldsoni Sharpe, 1895 – Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 – European Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus eximius Temminck, 1826 – Golden Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 – Square-tailed Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus fraenatus Salvadori, 1884 – Sombre Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus indicus Latham, 1790 – Jungle Nightjar, Grey Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus inornatus Heuglin, 1869 – Plain Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus jotaka Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 – Grey Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus longipennis Shaw, 1796 – Standard-winged Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus macrurus Horsfield, 1821 – Large-tailed Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus madagascariensis Sganzin, 1840 – Madagascar Nightjar, Madagascan Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus mahrattensis Sykes, 1832 – Sykes's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus manillensis Walden, 1875 – Philippine Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus meesi Sangster & Rozendaal, 2004 – Mees's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus natalensis A. Smith, 1845 – Swamp Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus nigriscapularis Reichenow, 1893 – Black-shouldered Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus nubicus M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823 – Nubian Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus pectoralis Cuvier, 1816 – Fiery-necked Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus phalaena Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872 – Palau Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus poliocephalus Rüppell, 1840 – Montane Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus prigoginei Louette, 1990 – Prigogine's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus pulchellus Salvadori, 1879 – Salvadori's Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus ruficollis Temminck, 1820 – Red-necked Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus rufigena A. Smith, 1845 – Rufous-cheeked Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus solala Ash Safford, Telfer Duckworth & Zewdie, 1995 – Nechisar Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus stellatus Blundell & Lovat, 1899 – Star-spotted Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus tristigma Rüppell, 1840 – Freckled Nightjar 
                                  Species Caprimulgus vexillarius (Gould, 1838) – Pennant-winged Nightjar 

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus    
  Expert: Richard C. Banks  
  Notes: Chief, Bird Section, U.S.G.S. - B.R.D. - P.W.R.C.   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: IOC World Bird List (v 8.2), website (version 8.2), website (version 8.2)  
  Acquired: 2018   
  Notes: Gill, F., and D. Donsker, eds. 2018. IOC World Bird List (v 8.2). Available at [Accessed 26 Jun, 2018]   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2018.02.01, website (version 01-Feb-18)  
  Acquired: 2018   
  Notes: "Zoonomen Nomenclatural data" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Caprimulgus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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