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Melanerpes  Swainson, 1832
Taxonomic Serial No.: 178185

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Centurus Swainson, 1837
    Asyndesmus Coues, 1866
  Common Name(s): Melanerpine Woodpeckers [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2020   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderPiciformes  – Woodpeckers, pic-bois  
                            FamilyPicidae  – Woodpeckers, Wrynecks, fourmiliers, pic-bois  
                                  GenusMelanerpes Swainson, 1832 – Melanerpine Woodpeckers  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Species Melanerpes aurifrons (Wagler, 1829) – Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Carpintero cheje 
                                     Species Melanerpes cactorum (d'Orbigny, 1840) – White-fronted Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes candidus (Otto, 1796) – White Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes carolinus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Red-bellied Woodpecker, pic à ventre roux 
                                     Species Melanerpes chrysauchen Salvin, 1870 – Golden-naped Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes chrysogenys (Vigors, 1839) – Carpintero enmascarado, Golden-cheeked Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes cruentatus (Boddaert, 1783) – Yellow-tufted Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Red-headed Woodpecker, pic à tête rouge 
                                     Species Melanerpes flavifrons (Vieillot, 1818) – Yellow-fronted Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes formicivorus (Swainson, 1827) – Acorn Woodpecker, Carpintero bellotero 
                                     Species Melanerpes herminieri (R. Lesson, 1830) – Guadeloupe Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes hoffmannii (Cabanis, 1862) – Hoffmann's Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes hypopolius (Wagler, 1829) – Carpintero pecho gris, Grey-breasted Woodpecker, Gray-breasted Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes lewis (G. R. Gray, 1849) – Lewis' Woodpecker, Carpintero de Lewis, Lewis's Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes portoricensis (Daudin, 1803) – Puerto Rican Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes pucherani (Malherbe, 1849) – Carpintero cara negra, Black-cheeked Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes pulcher P. L. Sclater, 1870 – Beautiful Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes pygmaeus (Ridgway, 1885) – Carpintero yucateco, Yucatan Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes radiolatus (Wagler, 1827) – Jamaican Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes rubricapillus (Cabanis, 1862) – Red-crowned Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes santacruzi (Bonaparte, 1838) – Velasquez's Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes striatus (P. L. S. Müller, 1776) – Hispaniolan Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes superciliaris (Temminck, 1827) – West Indian Woodpecker 
                                     Species Melanerpes uropygialis (S. F. Baird, 1854) – Gila Woodpecker, Carpintero del desierto 

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Melanerpes    
  Expert: Richard C. Banks  
  Notes: Chief, Bird Section, U.S.G.S. - B.R.D. - P.W.R.C.   
  Reference for: Melanerpes    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: IOC World Bird List (v 10.2), website (version 10.2), website (version 10.2)  
  Acquired: 2020   
  Notes: Gill, F., and D. Donsker, eds. 2020. IOC World Bird List (v 10.2). Available at [Accessed 01 Dec, 2020]   
  Reference for: Melanerpes   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Melanerpes   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2020.04.03, website (version 03-Apr-20)  
  Acquired: 2020   
  Notes: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Melanerpes   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Melanerpes   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Peters, James Lee  
  Publication Date: 1948   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Check-list of Birds of the World, vol. 6   
  Page(s): xi + 259   
  Publisher: Harvard University Press   
  Publication Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA   
  Notes: Reprinted by Museum of Comparative Zoology in 1964   
  Reference for: Melanerpes   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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